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Table Of Contents

Biology of domestication
Domestication and models of evolution
Changes in animals following domestication
Genetic processes under domestication: the origin of heritable variation
Genetic processes under domestication: interactions between genes
Artificial selection
Natural selection
Sexual selection under domestication
Origin and differentiation of breeds
Definitions
The recorded history of breed formation
Cultural background to breed differentiation
Ecological adaptations of breeds
Genotype–environment interaction
genotype–environment interaction
Body size and physiological adaptation
Adaptations to extreme temperatures
Adaptations to the vegetation environment
Coping with parasites and disease
Crossbreeding and coadaptation
The value of crossbreeding
Production of synthetic breeds
Molecular indicators of introgression
Biotechnology
Genetic architectures
Livestock biodiversity and sustainable development
Global food security and livestock biodiversity
National policies for livestock biodiversity in the developing world
Environmental aspects and industrialized economies
Global status of livestock biodiversity
Numbers of breeds
Feral livestock
Characterization of livestock biodiversity
Breed characterizations: phenotypic variation
Summarizing and interpreting genetic differences between breeds
Molecular approaches to breed history
Within-breed compared with between-breed variation
Management, organization and policy
History of concern for livestock biodiversity: the example of the UK
Breeds as the basis for conservation
National activities
Capturing the economic benefits of livestock biodiversity
Scientific input into conservation of livestock biodiversity
Conserving specific breeds
Conservation of within-breed variation
Recovery of lost breeds
Cryoconservation: the background
Cryoconservation in relation to in situ conservation
Overview
Prospects for livestock biodiversity
Scientific contribution
Policy issues: funding
The future
Appendix
References
Subject index
Country & breed index
P. 1
Livestock Biodiversity: Genetic Resources for the Farming of the Future

Livestock Biodiversity: Genetic Resources for the Farming of the Future

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Published by Wiley
Livestock biodiversity is integral to our culture, history, environment, economy and, most importantly, our future. Thousands of livestock breeds, from relatively small genetic pools, have evolved over time to suit particular environments and farming systems. This is both the result of natural processes and of human needs for specialized livestock – as our knowledge of genetics continues to increase we achieve a greater understanding of how this biodiversity evolved.

This book offers a detailed and comprehensive overview of livestock biodiversity. It explores the history behind it, shows how livestock biodiversity can be utilized as animal genetic resources through breed development and by crossbreeding, examines the state of world livestock biodiversity today, and emphasizes the importance of conserving and developing the biodiversity of livestock.

Special consideration is given to:

• How livestock biodiversity arose and is maintained in relation to human society

• How it can be used in sustainable agricultural development

• How it can be conserved for the benefit of present and future generations

• Why conservation biologists, as well as agriculturists, should be involved in its protection

Livestock biodiversity is integral to our culture, history, environment, economy and, most importantly, our future. Thousands of livestock breeds, from relatively small genetic pools, have evolved over time to suit particular environments and farming systems. This is both the result of natural processes and of human needs for specialized livestock – as our knowledge of genetics continues to increase we achieve a greater understanding of how this biodiversity evolved.

This book offers a detailed and comprehensive overview of livestock biodiversity. It explores the history behind it, shows how livestock biodiversity can be utilized as animal genetic resources through breed development and by crossbreeding, examines the state of world livestock biodiversity today, and emphasizes the importance of conserving and developing the biodiversity of livestock.

Special consideration is given to:

• How livestock biodiversity arose and is maintained in relation to human society

• How it can be used in sustainable agricultural development

• How it can be conserved for the benefit of present and future generations

• Why conservation biologists, as well as agriculturists, should be involved in its protection

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Publish date: Apr 15, 2008
Added to Scribd: May 29, 2013
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781405148092
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