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Table Of Contents

The Basic Requirements for Culture
An Introduction to Arctic Charr
Use of Arctic charr by indigenous peoples
Commercial exploitation
The Canadian Arctic fishery
The Labrador fishery
Greenland, Ireland, Great Britain, and European fisheries
Development of Arctic charr aquaculture
Production levels of cultured Arctic charr
Wild Arctic Charr: Basic Attributes Important to Culture
Geographic distribution
Taxonomy
Morphology: the outward appearance
Arctic charr forms and morphs
Anadromous form
Resident form
Morphs
Growth, size, and age at maturity
Matters of fecundity
Behavior: aggression, shoaling, and inter-species competition
Food habits
The Rearing Environment: Chemical, Physical, and Biological
Water: the environment of Arctic charr
Incoming source water
Rearing water
Outflow water
Chemical parameters of water quality
Oxygen
Fish activity and oxygen consumption
Food intake and oxygen consumption
Water temperature and daily patterns of oxygen consumption
Fish size and oxygen consumption
Carbon dioxide
Total gas pressure and gas supersaturation
pH
Salinity, seawater tolerance, and smoltification
Alkalinity and hardness
Suspended solids
Physical parameters of water quality
Temperature
Recommended temperatures
Light
Rearing densities
Biological aspects: stress and disease-causing organisms
Bacterial kidney disease (BKD)
Vibriosis
Saprolegniasis
Proliferative kidney disease (PKD)
Metazoan parasites – tapeworms and roundworms
Gyrodactylid monogenean parasites – flukes
Sea lice
Other non-infectious disease agents
Toxicity of chemical compounds and construction materials
Swim bladder stress syndrome (SBSS)
Summary
Growth, Nutrition, and Feeding
Growth in Arctic charr
Measuring growth performance
Growth rate (R)
Condition factor
Food conversion ratio (FCR)
Factors affecting patterns and rates of growth
Water temperature and its effect on growth
Body size and growth
Seasonal and daily rhythms in growth
The effect of sexual maturation on growth and market size
Essential amino acids
Lipids and essential fatty acids
Lipid as an energy source
Essential fatty acids
Dietary carbohydrate
Vitamin requirements
Minerals and other trace elements
Carotenoid pigments
Levels of pigment required
Prepared diets and manufactured feeds
Investigations of Arctic charr diets
The ideal Arctic charr diet
Manufactured feeds for Arctic charr
Feeding Arctic charr
Setting daily ration levels
Feed sizes
Optimum feeding times
Spatial distribution and feeding frequency
Feed delivery methods
Feed monitoring
The Standard Arctic Charr
The attributes for culture
Attributes of existing strains used for commercial culture
The Norwegian Hammerfest and Svalbard strains
The Swedish Hornavan strain
The Icelandic Grenlækur and Ölvesvatn strains
The Canadian Fraser strain
The Canadian Nauyuk strain
Potential for improving attributes of existing strains
Heritability of growth-related traits
Heritability of other traits
Breeding strategies for improving commercial stocks
The standard Arctic charr
Brood Operations: Keeping Brood, Egg Collection, and Incubation
Spawning
The spawning window
Ovulation and spermatogenesis
Methods for sexing and assessing ripeness
Sorting brood fish prior to spawning
Careful handling of spawning fish
Egg collection
Management and organization of the egg-take
Preparation of equipment for egg-take and incubation
Anesthetizing Arctic charr brood
Techniques for taking eggs
The dry fertilization method of egg taking
Removing eggs
Removing milt
Fertilizing eggs
Loading incubation trays
After spawning
Egg incubation
Effect of temperature on embryo development and mortality
Husbandry techniques in the egg room
Monitoring egg development and inventory control
From larval alevin to free-swimming fry
Preparing the ponding environment
Moving alevins to ponding tanks
First-feeding techniques
Types and sizes of starter diets
Methods for delivering starter diets
Ponding tank maintenance: good health or mortality
Into larger tanks: rearing fingerlings
Light levels and photoperiod control
Feeding fingerling Arctic charr
Size-grading, sorting, and splitting Arctic charr lots
Grading techniques
From the hatchery to grow-out facilities
Production of Arctic Charr for the Consumer
Different production strategies for on-growing
Holding structures
Stocking density for growing Arctic charr in lakes
Stocking density when growing Arctic charr in tanks
Production cycles
Light manipulation and growth
Feeding strategies
Ration size
Feed delivery
Diet
Sorting and other fish husbandry practices
Harvesting and processing
Harvesting
Pre-harvest preparation
Harvesting methods
Reaching sexual maturity before harvest
Processing
Marketing and Market Economics
Marketing Arctic charr
Quality in Arctic charr products
Product forms best suited for Arctic charr
Price of Arctic charr products
Marketing strategies
Distribution channels
Market economics of raising Arctic charr
Capital costs
Fixed operating costs
Variable operating costs
Profitability and contribution margin
Harvest size and profitability
Market price and profitability
Other variables
Managing Culture Facilities
Business management of commercial culture facilities
Operations management
Environmental monitoring
Fish health management
Water-quality monitoring
Managing downstream water
Importance of good mechanical systems management
Emergency preparedness: alarms and back-up systems
Production management
The operations manual
A final word
P. 1
Arctic Charr Aquaculture

Arctic Charr Aquaculture

Ratings: (0)|Views: 741|Likes:
Published by Wiley
This important book draws together, for the first time, a vast wealth of information on all major aspects of the farming of Arctic charr, a highly prized and commercially valuable salmonid. The author, Gavin Johnston who has many years' experience of farming Arctic charr, teaching about and researching the species, has produced a book that is a landmark publication and an essential purchase for all those involved with the species.

The book is broadly divided into three sections. The first section covers Arctic charr interactions with humans and the charr's biological requirements for culture. Section two is a practical guide to the art and science of early-rearing Arctic charr; a hands on application of current knowledge in Arctic charr aquaculture. The final section of the book focuses on the commercial production of Arctic charr, providing cutting-edge information for all those involved in the exploitation of this valuable species.

Arctic Charr Aquaculture is an essential purchase for anyone involved in, or considering involvement in farming of this species. Farm managers and other personnel in fish farms and experimental aquaculture units, fish and aquatic biologists will find a huge amount of useful data in this book. Libraries in all university departments and research establishments where aquaculture, fisheries and fish biology are studies and taught should have copies of this book on their shelves. This book brings together for the first time the knowledge needed to farm and market Arctic Charr. Part One is an overview of Arctic Charr aquaculture beginning with the history and development of Charr aquaculture, the biological attributes of Arctic Charr, the physical requirements for growth and commercial production requirements. Other chapters are devoted to Charr health, nutrition and feeding. Part Two is a practical guide for the producer operating an Arctic Charr farm either as a vertically integrated operation or as discrete hatcheries and grow out farms. Part Three is devoted to the business of commercially producing Arctic Charr, and although it deals specifically with Charr it also covers many business aspects of farming relevant to any fish species under cold water cultivation. It covers farm business management, the economics and finance of Arctic Charr farming, marketing Charr products and a closing section on how to avoid the pitfalls which others including the author have experienced.

This important book draws together, for the first time, a vast wealth of information on all major aspects of the farming of Arctic charr, a highly prized and commercially valuable salmonid. The author, Gavin Johnston who has many years' experience of farming Arctic charr, teaching about and researching the species, has produced a book that is a landmark publication and an essential purchase for all those involved with the species.

The book is broadly divided into three sections. The first section covers Arctic charr interactions with humans and the charr's biological requirements for culture. Section two is a practical guide to the art and science of early-rearing Arctic charr; a hands on application of current knowledge in Arctic charr aquaculture. The final section of the book focuses on the commercial production of Arctic charr, providing cutting-edge information for all those involved in the exploitation of this valuable species.

Arctic Charr Aquaculture is an essential purchase for anyone involved in, or considering involvement in farming of this species. Farm managers and other personnel in fish farms and experimental aquaculture units, fish and aquatic biologists will find a huge amount of useful data in this book. Libraries in all university departments and research establishments where aquaculture, fisheries and fish biology are studies and taught should have copies of this book on their shelves. This book brings together for the first time the knowledge needed to farm and market Arctic Charr. Part One is an overview of Arctic Charr aquaculture beginning with the history and development of Charr aquaculture, the biological attributes of Arctic Charr, the physical requirements for growth and commercial production requirements. Other chapters are devoted to Charr health, nutrition and feeding. Part Two is a practical guide for the producer operating an Arctic Charr farm either as a vertically integrated operation or as discrete hatcheries and grow out farms. Part Three is devoted to the business of commercially producing Arctic Charr, and although it deals specifically with Charr it also covers many business aspects of farming relevant to any fish species under cold water cultivation. It covers farm business management, the economics and finance of Arctic Charr farming, marketing Charr products and a closing section on how to avoid the pitfalls which others including the author have experienced.

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Publish date: Apr 15, 2008
Added to Scribd: May 29, 2013
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9781405171502
List Price: $156.00 Buy Now

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06/17/2014

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9781405171502

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