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3
年 線型代数小テスト
No.1
情報
/
電子工学科
2010
/
前期
模範解答
1(1)
A
=
1 + 2 1 + 42 + 2 2 + 43 + 2 3 + 4
=
3 54 65 7
, B
=
1 1
1 1
1 1
(2)
=
A
+ 3
B
=
3 54 65 7
+
3 3
3 3
3 3
=
0 81 92 10
2(1)
(
67
)
(3 1) =
(
6
·
3 6
·
17
·
3 7
·
1
)
=
(
18 621 7
)
(2)
(
3 6 12 1 2
)
0 43 51 0
=
(
3
·
0 + 6
·
3 + 1
·
1 3
·
4 + 6
·
5 + 1
·
02
·
0 + 1
·
3 + 2
·
1 2
·
4 + 1
·
5 + 2
·
0
)
=
(
19 425 13
)
(3)
1
2 01 1
1
5 5 2
7 4 23 2 110 5 3
=
7
6 4
4 2
27 + 3
10 4 + 2
5 2 + 1
3
35 + 15 + 20
20 + 10 + 10
10 + 5 + 6
=
(4)
1
12
(
8) =
88
16
3(1)
A
2
=
0
a b
0 0 00 0 0
0
a b
0 0 00 0 0
=
0 0 00 0 00 0 0
=
O
(2) (1)
より
(
+
A
)(
A
) =
A
+
A
A
2
=
+
O
=
を得る。さらに
(
A
)(
+
A
) =
A
+
A
A
2
=
+
O
=
であるから
(
+
A
)
1
=
A
を得る。
4
題意の連立方程式の拡大係数行列に基本変形を行えば
1 2
2 12
1 6
1
5 0
10 1
2
行−
1
×
2
−−−−−−−→
3
+1
×
5
1 2
2 10
5 10
30 10
20 6
3
+2
×
2
−−−−−−−→
1 2
2 10
5 10
30 0 0 0
これを方程式に戻すと
x
+ 2
y
2
= 1
5
y
+ 10
=
3
となるから
t
を任意の実数とすれば、
x
=
2
t
15
y
= 2
t
+
35
=
t
を得る。

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