5/29/131.1. How ANSYS Treats Thermal Modelingwww.kxcad.net/ansys/ANSYS/ansyshelp/Hlp_G_THE1_2.html1/2
1.1. How ANSYS Treats Thermal Modeling
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Only the ANSYS Multiphysics, ANSYS Mechanical, ANSYS Professional, and ANSYS FLOTRAN programs support thermal analyses.The basis for thermal analysis in ANSYS is a heat balance equation obtained from the principle of conservationof energy. (For details, consult the
Theory Reference for ANSYS and ANSYS Workbench
.) The finite elementsolution youperform via ANSYS calculates nodal temperatures, then uses the nodal temperatures to obtainother thermal quantities.The ANSYS program handles all three primary modes of heat transfer: conduction, convection, and radiation.
You specify convection as a surface load on conducting solid elements or shell elements. You specify theconvection film coefficient and the bulk fluid temperature at a surface; ANSYS then calculates the appropriateheat transfer across that surface. If the film coefficient depends upon temperature, you specify a table of temperatures along with the corresponding values of film coefficient at each temperature.For use in finite element modelswith conducting bar elements (which do not allow a convection surface load), or in cases where the bulk fluid temperature is not known in advance, ANSYS offers a convection element namedLINK34. In addition, you can use the FLOTRAN CFD elements to simulate details of the convection process,such as fluid velocities, local values of film coefficient and heat flux, and temperature distributions in both fluid andsolid regions.
ANSYS can solve radiation problems, which are nonlinear, in four ways:By usingthe radiation link element,LINK31
By using surface effect elements with the radiation option (SURF151in 2-D modeling or SURF152in 3-
D modeling)By generating a radiation matrix in AUX12 and using it as a superelement in a thermal analysis.By using the Radiosity Solver method.For detailed information on these methods, see"Radiation".
Thermal Guide|Chapter 1. Analyzing Thermal Phenomena|