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Ansys Thermal Analysis

Ansys Thermal Analysis

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Published by Umesh Vishwakarma
A thermal analysis calculates the temperature distribution and related thermal quantities in a system or component.
A thermal analysis calculates the temperature distribution and related thermal quantities in a system or component.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Umesh Vishwakarma on May 30, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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5/29/13 Welcome to the ANSYS Tutorialswww.kxcad.net/ansys/ANSYS/ansyshelp/tutpreface.html 1/1
Welcome to the ANSYS Tutorials
www.kxcad.net Home>CAE Index>ANSYS Index>Release 11.0 Documentation for ANSYS The ANSYS Tutorials provide an introduction to the extensive capabilities of the ANSYS family of products.Each tutorial is a complete step-by-step ANSYS analysis procedure. You can choose from several analysisdisciplines. The tutorials are designed to berun interactively, on the same screen as the ANSYS program.Included are full color ANSYS graphics and animations that are exact replicas of what appear at several pointswithin the steps of the tutorials. A glossary of terms is also included that you can view as a stand-alone documentwith an alphabetical listing of the terms, or you can view the definition of terms on demand by simply clicking onlinked terms within the context of the tutorials.Before you begin a tutorial, read theStart Heresection for recommendations on preparing your screen for displaying the tutorial window on the same screen as ANSYS, as well as descriptions of the formats andconventions used in the tutorials.
5/29/13Chapter 1. Analyzing Thermal Phenomenawww.kxcad.net/ansys/ANSYS/ansyshelp/Hlp_G_THE1.html1/1
Chapter 1. Analyzing Thermal Phenomena
www.kxcad.net Home>CAE Index>ANSYS Index>Release 11.0 Documentation for ANSYS A
thermal analysis
calculates the temperature distribution and related thermal quantities in a system or component. Typical thermal quantities of interest are:The temperature distributionsThe amount of heat lost or gainedThermal gradientsThermal fluxes.Thermal simulations play an important role in the design of many engineering applications, including internalcombustion engines, turbines, heat exchangers, piping systems, and electronic components. In many cases,engineers follow a thermal analysis with a stress analysis to calculate
thermal stresses
(that is, stresses caused bythermal expansions or contractions).The following thermal analysis topics are available:How ANSYS Treats Thermal ModelingTypes of Thermal AnalysisCoupled-Field AnalysesAbout GUI Paths and Command Syntax
Thermal Guide|
5/29/131.1. How ANSYS Treats Thermal Modelingwww.kxcad.net/ansys/ANSYS/ansyshelp/Hlp_G_THE1_2.html1/2
1.1. How ANSYS Treats Thermal Modeling
www.kxcad.net Home>CAE Index>ANSYS Index>Release 11.0 Documentation for ANSYS Only the ANSYS Multiphysics, ANSYS Mechanical, ANSYS Professional, and ANSYS FLOTRAN programs support thermal analyses.The basis for thermal analysis in ANSYS is a heat balance equation obtained from the principle of conservationof energy. (For details, consult the
Theory Reference for ANSYS and ANSYS Workbench
.) The finite elementsolution youperform via ANSYS calculates nodal temperatures, then uses the nodal temperatures to obtainother thermal quantities.The ANSYS program handles all three primary modes of heat transfer: conduction, convection, and radiation.
1.1.1. Convection
You specify convection as a surface load on conducting solid elements or shell elements. You specify theconvection film coefficient and the bulk fluid temperature at a surface; ANSYS then calculates the appropriateheat transfer across that surface. If the film coefficient depends upon temperature, you specify a table of temperatures along with the corresponding values of film coefficient at each temperature.For use in finite element modelswith conducting bar elements (which do not allow a convection surface load), or in cases where the bulk fluid temperature is not known in advance, ANSYS offers a convection element namedLINK34. In addition, you can use the FLOTRAN CFD elements to simulate details of the convection process,such as fluid velocities, local values of film coefficient and heat flux, and temperature distributions in both fluid andsolid regions.
1.1.2. Radiation
ANSYS can solve radiation problems, which are nonlinear, in four ways:By usingthe radiation link element,LINK31 By using surface effect elements with the radiation option (SURF151in 2-D modeling or SURF152in 3- D modeling)By generating a radiation matrix in AUX12 and using it as a superelement in a thermal analysis.By using the Radiosity Solver method.For detailed information on these methods, see"Radiation".
Thermal Guide|Chapter 1. Analyzing Thermal Phenomena|

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