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Multiplexing Techniques

Multiplexing Techniques

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Published by pawan
This is the presentation on multiplexing techniques.
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This is the presentation on multiplexing techniques.
For more Presentation and projects please
visit:-

http://www.final-yearprojects.co.cc/

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Published by: pawan on Apr 21, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/12/2013

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1
Contents
1.
Overview
2.
Multiple Access Protocols
3.
Multiplexing Techniques
4.
TDMA
5.
FDMA
6.
CDMA
7.
SDMA
8.
Others
9.
Example of GSM
 
2
Multiple Access protocols
Ì
single shared communication channel
Ì
two or more simultaneous transmissions by nodes:interference
r
only one node can sendsuccessfullyat a time
Ì
multiple access protocol: 
r
distributed algorithm that determines how stations sharechannel, i.e., determine when station can transmit
r
communication about channel sharing must use channel itself!
r
what to look for in multiple access protocols:synchronous or asynchronousinformation needed about other stationsrobustness (e.g., to channel errors)performance
 
3
Ideal Multiple Access Protocol
Broadcast channel of rate R bps1. When one node wants to transmit, it can send atrate R.2. When M nodes want to transmit, each can send ataverage rate R/M3. Fully decentralized:
r
no special node to coordinate transmissions
r
no synchronization of clocks, slots
4. Simple

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