BARAK HUMAN RIGHTS PROTECTION COMMITTEE
“It is essential, if man is not to be compelled to haverecourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyrannyand oppression, that human rights should be pro-tected by the rule of law.”
Preamble to the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS
BHRPC believes that every human being has certain inherent rightsdue only to the fact that s/he is a human being. These rights arecalled human rights. In 1948 United Nations’ General Assemblyproclaimed the UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS(UDHR) as a common standard of achievement for all peoples andall nations. Most of the rights enshrined in UDHR have also beenembodied and elaborated in a number of other binding internationaland regional treaties and instruments. The United Nations adoptedthe DECLARATION ON THE RIGHT AND RESPONSIBILITY OFINDIVIDUALS, GROUPS AND ORGANS OF SOCIETY TO PROMOTEAND PROTECT UNIVERSALLY RECOGNIZED HUMAN RIGHTS ANDFUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS (UN Declaration on Human RightsDefenders) by its General Assembly resolution 53/144 of 9December 1998 recognising and encouraging the efforts of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in promoting and protectinghuman rights.Fundamental human rights are also guaranteed in the Constitutionof India and the Supreme Court and High Courts are made thecustodians of these rights. There are other laws and mechanismsin India guaranteeing human rights enacted and constituted to fulfilits obligations under international law and treaties. One suchlegislation is the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993, (the Act)which encourages explicitly under section 12 (i) the efforts of NGOsin the field of human rights. Barak Human Rights ProtectionCommittee is such a non-profit organization as is envisaged underthe UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders and contemplatedin the Act.BHRPC is named after the river BARAK as it is based in its valley. InArticle 3 of the constitution of BHRPC the area of operation is definedas “basically entire Barak Valley and if necessary beyond this area”.
The main objectives of BHRPC are (i) to promote and protect humanrights and prevent their violations, (ii) to improve socio-economicsituation for full realization of Social, Economic and Cultural Rightsfor all and (iii) to work for promotion and establishment of democracy, secularism and world peace as these are sine qua nonfor full realization of all human rights.
As BHRPC believes in Democracy, Rule of Law, Peace and Non-Violence all its activities are within the Indian and International legalframe work. Main activities include (i) research and studies, (ii)awareness generation campaign, (iii) monitoring anddocumentation of human rights violations, (iv) legal interventionand (v) emergency response and urgent appeals.
BHRPC works through some specialised Programmes. These are (i)Right to Justice Programme, (ii) Right to Information Programme,
Barak Human Rights Protection Committee (BHRPC), a HumanRights Organisation of the nature as is envisaged under section12 (i) of the protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 andregistered under the Societies registration Act, 1860 vide No.RS/CA/243/B/61 of 2002-03 dated 1stOctober 2002 based atSilchar, Assam.
BARAK HUMANRIGHTS PROTEC-TION COMMITEE:AN OVERVIEW