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UNICEF State of the Worlds Children _Focus Children With Disabilities_SOWC-Rapporten 2013

UNICEF State of the Worlds Children _Focus Children With Disabilities_SOWC-Rapporten 2013

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Published by Vaishnavi Jayakumar
UNICEF report urges to see the child before the disability

30 May 2013

The marginalization of children with disabilities in critical areas like health and education not only has damaging consequences for the young people themselves but also the wider community, according to a landmark UNICEF report released today on 30 May.

The State of the World’s Children 2013: Children with Disabilities contends that children with disabilities are the least likely to receive health care or go to school. They are also more likely to face exploitation and neglect. This is because, the report suggests, children with disabilities are too often reduced to that disability and not seen as valuable individuals who should be given the same opportunities to flourish as everyone else.

"When you see the disability before the child, it is not only wrong for the child, but it deprives society of all that child has to offer," said UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake. “Their loss is society's loss; their gain is society's gain.”

HIV provides a salient example of how young people with physical, sensory, intellectual or psychosocial disabilities can be marginalized, overlooked and excluded from programmes. The report argues that, if the burden of the virus is increased in any one group this has negative implications for society as a whole, not least in terms of slowed development and increased expenditure.

Children with disabilities are often considered to be sexually inactive and thus not in need of HIV prevention services. Many receive no information about puberty and how their bodies change and develop. There may also be issues with a greater inability to set sexual contact boundaries for others.

In addition, a significant percentage of people with disabilities of all ages experience sexual assault or abuse during their lifetimes, especially women and girls and those in specialized institutions, schools and hospitals. Their vulnerability to HIV in these circumstances is therefore substantially increased.

When you see the disability before the child, it is not only wrong for the child, but it deprives society of all that child has to offer. Their loss is society's loss; their gain is society's gain.

UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake

HIV treatment, testing and counselling services can be physically difficult to access for those with disabilities or may not provide information in user-friendly formats such as Braille. Health care professionals are rarely trained to deal with such children and adolescents and may even demonstrate stigmatizing attitudes.

The State of the World’s Children sets out a number of recommendations to try to ensure that children with disabilities are included across a broad range of social, economic and cultural spheres so that they are involved in overall development.

One major recommendation involves filling the considerable information gap relating to children with disabilities. Few countries know how many such citizens there are, what disabilities they have and what level of service provision they need, making it very difficult for those needs to be met.

The report also highlights the need to remove barriers to inclusion so that environments like schools, health facilities and public transport encourage the participation of children with disabilities alongside their peers, free from discrimination. Families can also be supported to meet the higher costs of living and lost income-earning opportunities often associated with caring for affected children. It is also held to be important to ensure that children and adolescents are involved in the design and implementation of programmes and services so that they can play a role as active agents of change.

Finally, the report calls on countries to ratify and implement international commitments such as the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Around two thirds of t
UNICEF report urges to see the child before the disability

30 May 2013

The marginalization of children with disabilities in critical areas like health and education not only has damaging consequences for the young people themselves but also the wider community, according to a landmark UNICEF report released today on 30 May.

The State of the World’s Children 2013: Children with Disabilities contends that children with disabilities are the least likely to receive health care or go to school. They are also more likely to face exploitation and neglect. This is because, the report suggests, children with disabilities are too often reduced to that disability and not seen as valuable individuals who should be given the same opportunities to flourish as everyone else.

"When you see the disability before the child, it is not only wrong for the child, but it deprives society of all that child has to offer," said UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake. “Their loss is society's loss; their gain is society's gain.”

HIV provides a salient example of how young people with physical, sensory, intellectual or psychosocial disabilities can be marginalized, overlooked and excluded from programmes. The report argues that, if the burden of the virus is increased in any one group this has negative implications for society as a whole, not least in terms of slowed development and increased expenditure.

Children with disabilities are often considered to be sexually inactive and thus not in need of HIV prevention services. Many receive no information about puberty and how their bodies change and develop. There may also be issues with a greater inability to set sexual contact boundaries for others.

In addition, a significant percentage of people with disabilities of all ages experience sexual assault or abuse during their lifetimes, especially women and girls and those in specialized institutions, schools and hospitals. Their vulnerability to HIV in these circumstances is therefore substantially increased.

When you see the disability before the child, it is not only wrong for the child, but it deprives society of all that child has to offer. Their loss is society's loss; their gain is society's gain.

UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake

HIV treatment, testing and counselling services can be physically difficult to access for those with disabilities or may not provide information in user-friendly formats such as Braille. Health care professionals are rarely trained to deal with such children and adolescents and may even demonstrate stigmatizing attitudes.

The State of the World’s Children sets out a number of recommendations to try to ensure that children with disabilities are included across a broad range of social, economic and cultural spheres so that they are involved in overall development.

One major recommendation involves filling the considerable information gap relating to children with disabilities. Few countries know how many such citizens there are, what disabilities they have and what level of service provision they need, making it very difficult for those needs to be met.

The report also highlights the need to remove barriers to inclusion so that environments like schools, health facilities and public transport encourage the participation of children with disabilities alongside their peers, free from discrimination. Families can also be supported to meet the higher costs of living and lost income-earning opportunities often associated with caring for affected children. It is also held to be important to ensure that children and adolescents are involved in the design and implementation of programmes and services so that they can play a role as active agents of change.

Finally, the report calls on countries to ratify and implement international commitments such as the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Around two thirds of t

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Published by: Vaishnavi Jayakumar on May 31, 2013
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Children withDisabilities
THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN 2013EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
 
CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
THE STATE OF THE WORLD’S CHILDREN 2013
Key recommendations
International commitment to building more inclusive societies has resulted in improvements in thesituation of children with disabilities and their families, but too many of them continue to face barriersto their participation in the civic, social and cultural affairs of their communities. Realizing the promiseof equity through inclusion will require action to:
1
Ratiy – ad impemet – the Cveti  the Rights  Perss with Disabiities ad theCveti  the Rights  the Chid.
2
Fight discrimiati ad ehace the awareess  disabiity amg the geera pubic, decisi-makers, ad thse wh prvide essetia services r chidre ad adescets i such ieds asheath, educati ad prtecti.
3
Dismate barriers t icusi s that a chidre’s evirmets – schs, heath aciities, pubictrasprt ad s  – aciitate access ad ecurage the participati  chidre with disabiitiesagside their peers.
4
Ed the istitutiaizati  chidre with disabiities, startig with a mratrium  ewadmissis. This shud be accmpaied by the prmti  ad icreased supprt r amiy-based care ad cmmuity-based rehabiitati.
5
Supprt amiies s they ca meet the higher csts  ivig ad st pprtuities t ear icmeassciated with carig r chidre with disabiities.
6
Mve beyd miimum stadards by ivvig chidre ad adescets with disabiities ad theiramiies i evauatig supprts ad services desiged t meet their eeds.
7
Crdiate services acrss a sectrs s as t address the u rage  chaeges acig chidread adescets with disabiities ad their amiies.
8
Ivve chidre ad adescets with disabiities i makig decisis that aect them – t just asbeeiciaries, but as agets  chage.
9
Prmte a ccerted gba research ageda  disabiity t geerate the reiabe ad cmparabedata eeded t guide paig ad resurce acati, ad t pace chidre with disabiities mreceary  the devepmet ageda.
The ultimate proof of all global and national efforts will be local, the test being whether every childwith a disability enjoys her or his rights – including access to services, support and opportunities – ona par with other children, even in the most remote settings and the most deprived circumstances.
 
1
Victr, a 13-year-d with cerebra pasy, has u i the wateri Brazi. © Adre Castr/2012
InTRoDUCTIon
Reprts such as this typicay begi with a statisticdesiged t highight a prbem. The girs ad byst whm this editi  
The State of the World’s Children 
is dedicated are t prbems. Rather, eachis a sister, brther r ried wh has a avuritedish, sg r game; a daughter r s with dreamsad the desire t ui them; a chid with a disabiitywh has the same rights as ay ther gir r by.Give pprtuities t urish as thers might,chidre with disabiities have the ptetia t eaduiig ives ad t ctribute t the scia, cu-tura ad ecmic vitaity  their cmmuities.Yet survivig ad thrivig ca be especiay diicutr chidre with disabiities. They are at greaterrisk  beig pr tha peers withut disabiities.Eve where chidre share the same disadva-tages, chidre with disabiities crt additiachaeges as a resut  their impairmets adthe may barriers that sciety thrws i their way.Chidre ivig i pverty are amg the east ikeyt ejy the beeits  educati ad heath care,r exampe, but chidre wh ive i pverty adhave a disabiity are eve ess ikey t atted theca sch r ciic.I may cutries, respses t the situati  chidre with disabiities are argey imited t isti-tutiaizati, abadmet r egect. Theserespses are the prbem, ad they are rted iegative r pateraistic assumptis  icapacity,depedecy ad dierece that are perpetuated byigrace. What is eeded is a cmmitmet t thesechidre’s rights ad their utures, givig pririty tthe mst disadvataged – as a matter  equity adr the beeit  a.Chidre with disabiities ecuter dieret rms excusi ad are aected by them t varyigdegrees depedig  the type  disabiity theyhave, where they ive ad the cuture r cass twhich they beg. Geder is as a crucia actr:Girs with disabiities are as ess ikey t geta educati, receive vcatia traiig r idempymet tha are bys with disabiities rgirs withut disabiities.Chidre with disabiities are te regarded as ie-rir, ad this expses them t icreased vuerabiity:Discrimiati based  disabiity has maiesteditse i margiaizati rm resurces ad decisi-makig, ad eve i iaticide. Excusi testems rm ivisibiity. Few cutries have reiabeirmati  hw may  their citizes are chi-dre with disabiities, what disabiities they haver hw these disabiities aect their ives. Chidrethus excuded are ukw t, ad therere cut rm, pubic services t which they are etited.These deprivatis ca have astig eects – by im-itig access t gaiu empymet r participatii civic aairs ater i ie, r exampe. But access tad use  supprtive services ad techgy ca
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

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