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Cryptosporidium

Cryptosporidium

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Published by MUKESH VERMA
CASE STUDY ON Cryptosporidium
CASE STUDY ON Cryptosporidium

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: MUKESH VERMA on Apr 21, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/31/2013

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SUBMITTED TO :MR. PANKAJ JAIN
SUBMITTED BY: GROUP 7
MANPREET SINGH (34)MEETPAL SINGH (35)NITIN SHARMA (36)CHANDNI BHANOT (37)MUKESH VERMA (38)KANIKA SHARMA (39)
 
CONTENTS
Overview
What is
 
Cryptosporidium?
 
The Life Cycle of Cryptosporidium
How is Cryptosporidium
 
transmitted?
How would I be exposed to Cryptosporidium?
What are the symptoms of Cryptosporidiosis?
How is cryptosporidiosis diagnosed and treated?
What should I do if I become infected withCryptosporidium?
How can cryptosporidiosis be prevented?
How can Cryptosporidium be removed from water?
 
OVERVIEW
 In today’s time a lot of diseases are there just waiting for their one morevictim. These diseases are generally caused by the diseases causing agentswhich are broken into three groups:
- Bacteria, Viruses, and protozoan
(word protozoa is a Greek word means ‘little animal’).
Cryptosporidium
is alsoone of the protozoa which cause serve water diseases. It is a troublingdisease as this disease can’t be rectified from water by the spray of chlorinein it.
Cryptosporidium
during his life cycle produces a large number of smallspores which are called as cysts. These cysts have hard outer covering andare resistant to the effect of chlorine, hence contaminate water. It can survivefor long time i9n cold and damp environment. There are mainly two types of cryptosporidium protozoa’s which cause diseases tom human beings are: -
cryptosporidium
parvum and
cryptosporidium
hominis.It is an emerging protozoan diseases which was firstly reported in 1976, before which it was not known that it cause diseases to humans. This diseasecame in the eyes internationally in 1933 when an operation failure at water treatment plant in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, led to a massive outbreak of 
cryptosporidium
due ton which around 403000 peoples became ill , 4400were hospitalized and an estimated 60 people died as a result of thatoutbreak. In US the proportion of water borne diseases due to protozoa hastripled over that of last decade.One of the major, problems associated with this is that it is difficult to testfor 
cryptosporidium
as for testing this, it involves filtering a large volume of water and the use of mono-clonal antibodies and immuno-fluorescentstaning. This test can’t be performed on the regularly basis, so the facialcoliforms were a good indicator of the presence or absence o
cryptosporidium
, but it not works every time as a good indicator as recordsshows that 49% of outbreaks doesn’t contain coliforms where protozoa werethe cause of illness. One of the interesting facts about this protozoon is thatit is not killed by the action of chlorine. This is a protozoal infection fromdrinking contaminated drinking water. This particular protozoan does notfilter out during normal water purification.There various methods for managing the
cryptosporidium
risks, it involvemethods such as Multi barrier method which involve Membrane filtration,

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