In today’s time a lot of diseases are there just waiting for their one morevictim. These diseases are generally caused by the diseases causing agentswhich are broken into three groups:
- Bacteria, Viruses, and protozoan
(word protozoa is a Greek word means ‘little animal’).
is alsoone of the protozoa which cause serve water diseases. It is a troublingdisease as this disease can’t be rectified from water by the spray of chlorinein it.
during his life cycle produces a large number of smallspores which are called as cysts. These cysts have hard outer covering andare resistant to the effect of chlorine, hence contaminate water. It can survivefor long time i9n cold and damp environment. There are mainly two types of cryptosporidium protozoa’s which cause diseases tom human beings are: -
hominis.It is an emerging protozoan diseases which was firstly reported in 1976, before which it was not known that it cause diseases to humans. This diseasecame in the eyes internationally in 1933 when an operation failure at water treatment plant in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, led to a massive outbreak of
due ton which around 403000 peoples became ill , 4400were hospitalized and an estimated 60 people died as a result of thatoutbreak. In US the proportion of water borne diseases due to protozoa hastripled over that of last decade.One of the major, problems associated with this is that it is difficult to testfor
as for testing this, it involves filtering a large volume of water and the use of mono-clonal antibodies and immuno-fluorescentstaning. This test can’t be performed on the regularly basis, so the facialcoliforms were a good indicator of the presence or absence of
, but it not works every time as a good indicator as recordsshows that 49% of outbreaks doesn’t contain coliforms where protozoa werethe cause of illness. One of the interesting facts about this protozoon is thatit is not killed by the action of chlorine. This is a protozoal infection fromdrinking contaminated drinking water. This particular protozoan does notfilter out during normal water purification.There various methods for managing the
risks, it involvemethods such as Multi barrier method which involve Membrane filtration,