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King13 Handout Folgerpresent

King13 Handout Folgerpresent

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Published by Katie King
review of my project
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Published by: Katie King on May 31, 2013
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08/19/2014

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 Handout: King Overview: The Orality Literacy Heuristic: Folger Institute: 12-14 June 2013
 Speaking with Things: an introduction to writing technologies & media ecologies enfolded among complex systems….
 Katie King, Women's Studies, University of Maryland, College Park / Email: katking@umd.edu
Home Page: http://katiekin.weebly.com/ ; follow on twitter @katkingumd ; pinterest site: http://pinterest.com/katkingumd/talksites/
The Blind Men and the Elephant: Painted by Laura Winge. Exhibited in: Copenhagen 2011:http://www.elephantparade.com/elephants/blind-men-and-elephant 
PROPERTIES OF INFRASTRUCTURE (Star 1999: 5-7):
Embeddedness
("sunk into and inside of other structures, social arrangements, and technologies"; don’t distinguish components butin them)
Transparency
(not reinvented each time or assembled each task; or learned new)
Reach or scope
(spatial or temporal; "beyond a single even or one-site practice")
Learned as part of membership
("taken-for-grantedness of artifacts and organizational structures...member in a community of  practice." "Strangers and outsiders encounter infrastructure as a target object to be learned about. New participants acquire anaturalized familiarity with its objects, as they become members." overcome strangeness; overcome naturalization.)
Links with conventions of practice
("shapes and is shaped by")
Embodiment of standards
("takes on transparency by plugging into other infrastructures and tools in a standardized fashion.")
Built on an installed base
(eg. "optical fibers run along old railroad lines"; "new systems are designed for backward compatibility")
Becomes visible upon breakdown
 
Is fixed in modular increments, not all at once globally
("big, layered, complex"; "it means different things locally"; "Nobody isreally in charge"; "legacy systems.")
boundary objects
 , such as literacies & alternatives, script & inscription, primary & secondary oralityor media:• as spaces for communication • as carefully tacit, deliberatively discreet grounds for collaborationwithout agreement • as objects wrought over time through intensive negotiations over practice and terminology • as structured objects that permit recursion at different levels of system holding paradoxin tension • as process points in cycle of standardization, generation of residual categories, emergent alliances
BOUNDARY OBJECTS (Bowker & Star 1999: 297-8)
"Boundary objects are those objects that both inhabit several communities of practice and satisfy the informational requirements of each of them. Boundary objects are thus both plastic enough to adapt to local needs and constraints of the several parties employingthem, yet robust enough to maintain a common identity across sites. They are weakly structured in common use and become stronglystructured in individual site use. These objects may be abstract or concrete.... Such objects have different meanings in different socialworlds but their structure is common enough to more than one world to make them recognizable, a means of translation. The creationand management of boundary objects is a key process in developing and maintaining coherence across intersecting communities. ¶...Boundary objects arise over time from durable cooperation among communities of practice....sets of boundary objects arise directlyfrom the problematics created when two or more differently naturalized classification systems collide.... // ¶ The processes by whichcommunities of practice manage divergent and conflicting classification systems are complex, the more so as people are all membersin fact of many communities of practice, with varying levels of commitment and consequence...."
LOCAL TAYLORING AS A FORM OF WORK (Star 2010: 607)
“subtly influenced the development of boundary objects in the sense of understanding local tailoring as a form of work that isinvisible to the whole group and how a shared representation may be quite vague and at the same time quite useful.”
ON GROWTH AND DEATH OF BOUNDARY OBJECTS (Star 2010: 613-4)
“Over time, people (often administrators or regulatory agencies) try to control the tacking back-and forth, and especially, tostandardize and make equivalent the ill-structured and well-structured aspects of the particular boundary object.”
WHICH PARTS OF THE ELEPHANT HAVE WE FELT OUT? KNOW ABOUT? INHERIT?Orality Literacy Heuristic:
a conceptual and material infrastructure, a set of practices with their  grounding assumptions:• its objects such as ideas and tools • its players as theorists, makers, and agents within disciplinary,archival, media ecologies • its sites of production such as new tools and their makers, as in digital humanities, schools of thought, particular institutions in time, forms of power • its layered assemblages, accretions and networks such as disciplines and their critiques, feminist activity invarious places, times and generations, political actions and resistances.
• “People often cannot see what they take for granted until they encounter someone who does not takeit for granted.”
(Bowker and Star 1999: 305)

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