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m5l32- Cables and Arches

m5l32- Cables and Arches

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Published by Mahmood Mufti

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Published by: Mahmood Mufti on May 31, 2013
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05/31/2013

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Module5
Cables and Arches
Version 2 CE IIT, Kharagpur 
 
 Lesson32
 Three Hinged Arch
 
Version 2 CE IIT, Kharagpur 
 
Instructional Objectives:
After reading this chapter the student will be able to1. Define an arch.2. Identify three-hinged, two-hinged and hingeless arches.3. State advantages of arch construction.4. Analyse three-hinged arch.5. Evaluate horizontal thrust in three-hinged arch.
32.1 Introduction
In case of beams supporting uniformly distributed load, the maximum bendingmoment increases with the square of the span and hence they becomeuneconomical for long span structures. In such situations arches could beadvantageously employed, as they would develop horizontal reactions, which inturn reduce the design bending moment.For example, in the case of a simply supported beam shown in Fig. 32.1, thebending moment below the load is
163
PL
. Now consider a two hinged symmetricalarch of the same span and subjected to similar loading as that of simplysupported beam. The vertical reaction could be calculated by equations of statics. The horizontal reaction is determined by the method of least work. Now
Version 2 CE IIT, Kharagpur 

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