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On Sound and Voice.

On Sound and Voice.

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Published by Bart Mazzetti
TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. According to Plato.
II. According to Aristotle.
III. On phone (‘voice’) and psophos (‘sound’) in sum.
IV. On language as a systematic means of human communication.
V. On articulation.
VI. On speech as a species of discrete quantity.
VII. On elementary speech sounds.
VIII. On the motion of the voice.
IX. On the strings of a musical instrument.
X. On the overtone series.
XI. On tonality as consisting in hierarchy.
XII. Definitions of harmony.
XIII. On the principal meanings of harmonia.
XIV. On composition.
TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. According to Plato.
II. According to Aristotle.
III. On phone (‘voice’) and psophos (‘sound’) in sum.
IV. On language as a systematic means of human communication.
V. On articulation.
VI. On speech as a species of discrete quantity.
VII. On elementary speech sounds.
VIII. On the motion of the voice.
IX. On the strings of a musical instrument.
X. On the overtone series.
XI. On tonality as consisting in hierarchy.
XII. Definitions of harmony.
XIII. On the principal meanings of harmonia.
XIV. On composition.

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Bart Mazzetti on May 31, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/05/2013

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ON SOUND AND VOICE
(c) 2013 Bart A. Mazzetti§1
 
TABLE OF CONTENTSI. According to Plato.II. According to Aristotle.III. On
 phone
(‘voice’) and
 psophos
(‘sound’) in sum.IV. On language as a systematic means of human communication.V. On articulation.VI. On speech as a species of discrete quantity.VII. On elementary speech sounds.VIII. On the motion of the voice.IX. On the strings of a musical instrument.X. On the overtone series.XI. On tonality as consisting in hierarchy.XII. Definitions of harmony.XIII. On the principal meanings of 
harmonia
.XIV. On composition.§2
 
I. ACCORDING TO PLATO.Plato,
 Philebus
17b-e (ed. Perseus; tr. Peter Kalkavage; rev. B.A.M.).
Sôkratês:
phônê men hêmin esti pou mia diatou stomatos iousa, kai apeiros au plêthei, pantôn te kai hekastou.
Prôtarchos:
ti mên;
Sôkratês:
kai ouden heterôi ge toutôn esmen pôsophoi, oute hoti to apeiron autês ismen outh’hoti to hen: allhoti posa t’ esti kai hopoia,touto esti to grammatikon hekaston poiounhêmôn.
Prôtarchos:
alêthestata.
Sôkratês:
kai mên kai to mousikon hotunchanei poioun, tout’ esti tauton.
Prôtarchos:
pôs;But voice, which passes through the mouth of each and all of us, is one; and yet again it is in-definite in manyness.Yes, to be sure.And we aren’t ever wise, one man more thananother, either because we know its indefin-iteness or because we know its unity, but be-cause we know they are so many and what sort —this is what makes each of us grammaticalVery true.Also this same thing makes each of us turn outto be musical.How is that?
Sôkratês:
[17c] phônê men pou kai to kat’ekeinên tên technên esti mia en autêi.
Prôtarchos:
pôs d’ ou;
Sôkratês:
duo de thômen baru kai oxu, kaitriton homotonon. ê pôs;
Prôtarchos:
houtôs.
Sôkratês:
alloupô sophos an eiês tênmousikên eidôs tauta mona,mê de eidôs hôs g’ epos eipein eis tauta oudenosaxios esêi.
Prôtarchos:
ou gar oun.Voice according to this art is also one in it.How could it not be!And we set down two sounds—the low and thehigh—and a third which is between them. Or how did we do it?Just as you said.But if you knew these things alone, you wouldnot yet be wise with respect to music.Though if you didn’t know them, you would be,as the saying goes, worth nothing in thesethings.Certainly.
Sôkratês:
all’, ô phile, epeidan lais tadiastêmataBut, my friend, when you take hold of theintervals— 
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