ORACLE ASM INTERVIEW QUESTIONS
1. What is the use of ASM(or) Why ASM preferred over filesystem?ASM provides striping and mirroring.2. What are the init parameters related to ASM?INSTANCE_TYPE = ASMASM_POWER_LIMIT = 11ASM_DISKSTRING = '/dev/rdsk/*s2', '/dev/rdsk/c1*'ASM_DISKGROUPS = DG_DATA, DG_FRA3. What is rebalancing (or) what is the use of ASM_POWER_LIMIT?ASM_POWER_LIMIT is dynamic parameter, which will be useful for rebalancing thedata across disks.Value can be 1(lowest) to 11 (highest).4. What are different types of redundancies in ASM& explain?External redundancy, Normal redundancy,High redundancy.5. How to copy file to/from ASM from/to filesystem?By using ASMCMDcp command6. How to find out the databases, which are using the ASM instance?ASMCMD> lsctSQL> select DB_NAME from V$ASM_CLIENT;7. What are different types of stripings in ASM & their differences?Fine-grained stripingCoarse-grained stripinglsdgselect NAME,ALLOCATION_UNIT_SIZE from v$asm_diskgroup;8. What is allocation unit and what is default value of au_size and how to change?Every ASM disk is divided into allocation units (AU). An AU is the fundamental unit of allocation within a disk group. A file extent consists of one or more AU. An ASM fileconsists of one or more file extents.CREATE DISKGROUP disk_group_2 EXTERNAL REDUNDANCY DISK '/dev/sde1'ATRRIBUTE 'au_size' = '32M';9. What are the BACKGROUND PROCESS in ASM?10. What process does the rebalancing?