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Guy Debord: in Girum Imus Nocte Et Consumimur Igni

Guy Debord: in Girum Imus Nocte Et Consumimur Igni

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Published by Bloom
I will make no concessions to the public in this film. I believe there are several
good reasons for this decision, and I am going to state them.
In the first place, it is well known that I have never made any concessions to
the dominant ideas or ruling powers of my era.
Moreover, nothing of importance has ever been communicated by being gentle
with a public, not even one like that of the age of Pericles; and in the frozen mirror
of the screen the spectators are not looking at anything that might suggest the
respectable citizens of a democracy.
But most importantly: this particular public, which has been so totally deprived
of freedom and which has tolerated every sort of abuse, deserves less than any
other to be treated gently. The advertising manipulators, withthe usual impudence
of those who know that people tend to justify whatever affronts they don’t avenge,
calmly declare that “People who love life go to the cinema.” But this life and this
cinema are equally paltry, which is why it hardly matters if one is substituted for
the other.
I will make no concessions to the public in this film. I believe there are several
good reasons for this decision, and I am going to state them.
In the first place, it is well known that I have never made any concessions to
the dominant ideas or ruling powers of my era.
Moreover, nothing of importance has ever been communicated by being gentle
with a public, not even one like that of the age of Pericles; and in the frozen mirror
of the screen the spectators are not looking at anything that might suggest the
respectable citizens of a democracy.
But most importantly: this particular public, which has been so totally deprived
of freedom and which has tolerated every sort of abuse, deserves less than any
other to be treated gently. The advertising manipulators, withthe usual impudence
of those who know that people tend to justify whatever affronts they don’t avenge,
calmly declare that “People who love life go to the cinema.” But this life and this
cinema are equally paltry, which is why it hardly matters if one is substituted for
the other.

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Published by: Bloom on Jun 01, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/01/2013

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original

 
Guy Debord 
In girum imus nocteet consumimur igni
1978
 
2
I
w
ill
make no concess
i
ons
t
o
t
he pub
li
c
i
n
t
h
i
s
fil
m
. I
be
li
e
v
e
t
he
r
e a
r
e se
v
e
r
a
l
good reasons for this decision, and I am going to state them.
In the first place, it is well known that I have never made any concessions to
the dominant ideas or ruling powers of my era.
Mo
r
eo
v
e
r,
no
t
h
i
ng o
f i
mpo
rt
ance has e
v
e
r
been commun
i
ca
t
ed b
y
be
i
ng gen
tl
ew
it
h a pub
li
c
,
no
t
e
v
en one
li
ke
t
ha
t
o
f t
he age o
Pe
ri
c
l
es
;
and
i
n
t
he
fr
ozen m
irr
o
r
o
f t
he sc
r
een
t
he spec
t
a
t
o
r
s a
r
e no
t l
ook
i
ng a
t
an
yt
h
i
ng
t
ha
t
m
i
gh
t
sugges
t t
he
respectable citizens of a democracy.
Bu
t
mos
ti
mpo
rt
an
tly: t
h
i
spa
rti
cu
l
a
r
pub
li
c
,
wh
i
chhasbeenso
t
o
t
a
lly
dep
riv
ed
o
f fr
eedom and wh
i
ch has
t
o
l
e
r
a
t
ed e
v
e
ry
so
rt
o
abuse
,
dese
rv
es
l
ess
t
han an
y
o
t
he
rt
obe
tr
ea
t
edgen
tly. 
ead
v
e
rti
s
i
ngman
i
pu
l
a
t
o
r
s
,
w
it
h
t
heusua
li
mpudenceo
f t
hose who know
t
ha
t
peop
l
e
t
end
t
o
j
us
tify
wha
t
e
v
e
r
a
ffr
on
t
s
t
he
y
don
’t
a
v
enge
,
ca
l
m
ly
dec
l
a
r
e
t
ha
t “
Peop
l
e who
l
o
v
e
lif 
e go
t
o
t
he c
i
nema
.
Bu
t t
h
i
s
lif 
e and
t
h
i
s
c
i
nema a
r
e equa
lly
pa
ltry,
wh
i
ch
i
s wh
y it
ha
r
d
ly
ma
e
r
s
if 
one
i
s subs
tit
u
t
ed
o
r
the other.
e mo
vi
e
-
go
i
ng pub
li
c
,
wh
i
ch has ne
v
e
r
been
v
e
ry
bou
r
geo
i
s and wh
i
ch
i
s
scarcely any longer working-class, is now recruited almost entirely from a singlesocial stratum, though one that has been considerably enlarged — the stratum of 
low-level skilled employees in the various “service” occupations that are so nec-
essa
ry t
o
t
he p
r
esen
t
p
r
oduc
ti
on s
y
s
t
em
:
managemen
t,
con
tr
o
l,
ma
i
n
t
enance
, r
e
-search, teaching, propaganda, entertainment, and pseudocritique. Which suffices
t
o g
iv
e an
i
dea o
wha
t t
he
y
a
r
e
. i
s pub
li
c
t
ha
t
s
till
goes
t
o
t
he mo
vi
es a
l
so
,
o
cou
r
se
, i
nc
l
udes
t
he
y
oungo
ft
hesameb
r
eedwhoa
r
eme
r
e
ly
a
tt
heapp
r
en
ti
cesh
i
p
stage for one or another of these functions.
F
r
om
t
he
r
ea
li
sm and
t
he ach
i
e
v
emen
t
s o
f t
h
i
s sp
l
end
i
d s
y
s
t
em one cou
l
da
lr
ead
y i
n
e
r t
he pe
r
sona
l
capac
iti
es o
f t
he unde
rli
ngs
it
has p
r
oduced
.
M
i
s
l
ed
abou
t
e
v
e
ryt
h
i
ng
, t
he
y
can on
ly
spou
t
absu
r
d
iti
es based on
li
es
— t
hese poo
r
wage
ea
r
ne
r
s who see
t
hemse
lv
es as p
r
ope
rty
owne
r
s
, t
hese m
y
s
tifi
ed
i
gno
r
amuseswho
t
h
i
nk
t
he
y’r
e educa
t
ed
, t
hese zomb
i
es w
it
h
t
he de
l
us
i
on
t
ha
t t
he
ir v
o
t
es
mean something.
How ha
r
sh
ly t
he mode o
p
r
oduc
ti
on has
tr
ea
t
ed
t
hem
!
W
it
h a
ll t
he
ir “
upwa
r
dmob
ility” t
he
y
ha
v
e
l
os
t t
he
lil
e
t
he
y
had and ga
i
ned wha
t
no one wan
t
ed
.
e
y
sha
r
e po
v
e
rti
es and hum
ili
a
ti
ons
fr
om a
ll t
he pas
t
s
y
s
t
ems o
e
x
p
l
o
it
a
ti
on w
it
hou
t
sharing in the revolts against those systems. In many ways they resemble slaves,
because
t
he
y
a
r
e he
r
ded
i
n
t
o c
r
amped hab
it
a
ti
ons
t
ha
t
a
r
e g
l
oom
y,
ug
ly
andunhea
lt
h
y; ill-
nou
ri
shed w
it
h
t
as
t
e
l
ess and adu
lt
e
r
a
t
ed
ood
;
poo
rly tr
ea
t
ed
o
r
their constantly recurring illnesses; under constant pey surveillance; and main-
t
a
i
ned
i
n
t
he mode
r
n
i
zed
illit
e
r
ac
y
and spec
t
acu
l
a
r
supe
r
s
titi
ons
t
ha
t r
e
i
n
o
r
ce
t
he powe
r
o
f t
he
ir
mas
t
e
r
s
.
Fo
r t
he con
v
en
i
ence o
p
r
esen
t-
da
y i
ndus
try t
he
y
a
r
etransplantedar fromtheirown neighborhoods or regions and concentratedinto
 
3
new and hostile environments. ey are nothing but numbers on charts drawn
up by idiots.
e
y
d
i
e
i
n d
r
o
v
es on
t
he
fr
eewa
y
s
,
and
i
n each
u ep
i
dem
i
c and each hea
t
wave, and with each mistake of those who adulterate their food, and each techni-ca
l i
nno
v
a
ti
on p
r
o
fit
ab
l
e
t
o
t
he nume
r
ous en
tr
ep
r
eneu
r
s
o
r
whose en
vir
onmen
t
a
l
developments they serve as guinea pigs. eir nerve-racking conditions of exis-
t
ence p
r
oduce ph
y
s
i
ca
l, i
n
t
e
ll
ec
t
ua
l,
and ps
y
cho
l
og
i
ca
l
degene
r
a
ti
on
.
e
y
a
r
e
always spoken to like obedient children — always willing to do what they’re told
as long as they’re told that they “must” do it. But above all they are treated like
r
e
t
a
r
ded ch
il
d
r
en
, f 
o
r
ced
t
o accep
t t
he de
liri
ous g
i
bbe
ri
sh o
dozens o
f r
ecen
tly
concoc
t
ed pa
t
e
r
na
li
s
ti
c spec
i
a
li
za
ti
ons
,
wh
i
ch one da
y t
e
ll t
hem one
t
h
i
ng and
the next day perhaps the very opposite.
Sepa
r
a
t
ed
fr
om each o
t
he
r
b
y t
he gene
r
a
l l
oss o
an
y l
anguage capab
l
e o
desc
ri
b
i
ng
r
ea
lity (
a
l
oss wh
i
ch p
r
e
v
en
t
s an
y r
ea
l
d
i
a
l
ogue
),
sepa
r
a
t
ed b
y t
he
ir
relentless competition in the conspicuous consumption of nothingness and thus
b
y t
he mos
t
g
r
ound
l
ess and e
t
e
r
na
lly fr
us
tr
a
t
ed en
vy, t
he
y
a
r
e e
v
en sepa
r
a
t
ed
fr
om
t
he
ir
own ch
il
d
r
en
,
who
i
n p
r
e
vi
ous e
r
as we
r
e
t
he on
ly
p
r
ope
rty
o
f t
hose
possessing nothing. Control of these children is taken from them at an early age— these children who are already their rivals, who laugh at their parents’ blatant
a
il
u
r
e and no
l
onge
r li
s
t
en
t
o
t
he
ir
s
i
mp
l
e
-
m
i
nded op
i
n
i
ons
.
Unde
r
s
t
andab
ly
desp
i
s
i
ng
t
he
ir
o
ri
g
i
n
, t
he
y f 
ee
l
mo
r
e
li
ke o
ff 
sp
ri
ng o
f t
he
r
e
i
gn
i
ng spec
t
ac
l
e
t
han
o
f t
he pa
rti
cu
l
a
r
se
rv
an
t
s o
f t
he spec
t
ac
l
e who happen
t
o ha
v
e bego
en
t
hem
,
and think of themselves as only half-castes of such slaves. Behind the façade of s
i
mu
l
a
t
ed
r
ap
t
u
r
e among
t
hese coup
l
es and
t
he
ir
p
r
ogen
y t
he
r
e
i
s no
t
h
i
ng bu
t
looks of hatred.
Bu
t t
hese p
rivil
eged wo
r
ke
r
s o
a
t
o
t
a
lly
commod
ifi
ed soc
i
e
ty
d
iff 
e
r fr
om s
l
a
v
es
i
n
t
ha
t t
he
y t
hemse
lv
es mus
t
p
r
o
vi
de
o
r t
he
ir
own upkeep
. I
n
t
h
i
s
r
ega
r
d
t
he
y
a
r
emo
r
e
li
ke se
rf 
s
,
because
t
he
y
a
r
e e
x
c
l
us
iv
e
ly
a
ached
t
o some pa
rti
cu
l
a
r
compan
y
and dependen
t
on
it
s success
u
l f 
unc
ti
on
i
ng
,
w
it
hou
t r
ece
ivi
ng an
yt
h
i
ng
i
n
r
e
t
u
r
n
;
and espec
i
a
lly
because
t
he
y
a
r
e compe
ll
ed
t
o
r
es
i
de w
it
h
i
n a s
i
ng
l
e space
: t
hesame c
ir
cu
it
o
e
v
e
r-i
den
ti
ca
l
dwe
lli
ng un
it
s
,
o
ces
, fr
eewa
y
s
, v
aca
ti
on spo
t
s
,
and airports.
Bu
t t
he
y
a
l
so
r
esemb
l
e mode
r
n p
r
o
l
e
t
a
ri
ans
i
n
t
he p
r
eca
ri
ousness o
f t
he
ir
means o
suppo
rt,
wh
i
ch con
fli
c
t
s w
it
h
t
he con
ti
nua
l
spend
i
ng
t
o wh
i
ch
t
he
y
have been conditioned; and in the fact that they have to hire themselves out on
an open ma
r
ke
t
w
it
hou
t
own
i
ng
t
he
i
ns
tr
umen
t
s o
f t
he
ir l
abo
r.
e
y
need mone
y
t
o bu
y
commod
iti
es
,
because
t
h
i
ngs ha
v
e been so a
rr
anged
t
ha
t t
he
y
ha
v
e no
enduring access to anything that has not been commodified.
Bu
t i
n
t
he
ir
econom
i
c s
it
ua
ti
on
t
he
y
a
r
e mo
r
e
li
ke peons
, i
n
t
ha
t t
he
y
a
r
eno
l
onge
r l
e
e
v
en
t
he momen
t
a
ry
hand
li
ng o
f t
he mone
y
a
r
ound wh
i
ch
t
he
ir

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