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An Implementation of Data Mining Techniques in Health Care Industries

An Implementation of Data Mining Techniques in Health Care Industries

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Published by Rachel Wheeler
Data Mining is an emerging field. Every day health care industry produces huge volume of data. It is very tedious task to find the right data for the right place. In other words we are having rich data but poor utilization. In this paper we discuss how data mining techniques can be used in health care industry. Health care industry has enormous data. Healthcare industry today generates large amounts of complex data about patients, hospitals resources, disease diagnosis, electronic patient records, medical devices etc. The large amounts of data is a key resource to be processed and analyzed for knowledge extraction that enables support for cost-savings and decision making. Data mining brings a set of tools and techniques that can be applied to this processed data to discover hidden patterns that provide healthcare professionals an additional source of knowledge for making decisions. With continuous advances in technology, increasing number of clinicians are using electronic medical records to accumulate substantial amounts of data about their patients with the associated clinical conditions and treatment details. The hidden relationships and patterns within these information would further our medical knowledge including its efficiencies and deficiencies. Methodologies that are being used in parallel industries with increasing effectively need to be modified and applied to discover this knowledge. In this article we are going to discuss about how data mining can be used in medical field, how it solves the business issues, challenges in data mining, data mining techniques and the semma methodology.
Data Mining is an emerging field. Every day health care industry produces huge volume of data. It is very tedious task to find the right data for the right place. In other words we are having rich data but poor utilization. In this paper we discuss how data mining techniques can be used in health care industry. Health care industry has enormous data. Healthcare industry today generates large amounts of complex data about patients, hospitals resources, disease diagnosis, electronic patient records, medical devices etc. The large amounts of data is a key resource to be processed and analyzed for knowledge extraction that enables support for cost-savings and decision making. Data mining brings a set of tools and techniques that can be applied to this processed data to discover hidden patterns that provide healthcare professionals an additional source of knowledge for making decisions. With continuous advances in technology, increasing number of clinicians are using electronic medical records to accumulate substantial amounts of data about their patients with the associated clinical conditions and treatment details. The hidden relationships and patterns within these information would further our medical knowledge including its efficiencies and deficiencies. Methodologies that are being used in parallel industries with increasing effectively need to be modified and applied to discover this knowledge. In this article we are going to discuss about how data mining can be used in medical field, how it solves the business issues, challenges in data mining, data mining techniques and the semma methodology.

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Published by: Rachel Wheeler on Jun 01, 2013
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International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, May 2013, Vol. 4 No. 5,ISSN: 1837-782310
An Implementation of Data Mining Techniques in Health Care Industries
R.Anand
1
, Dr.S.K. Srivatsa
2
1
Research
 
Scholar, Sri Chandra Sekarendra Viswa Maha Vidyalaya, Enathur, Kanchipuram-531 602.
2
Sr.Professor, St. Joseph College of Engineering, Chennai-600 119.
Abstract
Data Mining is an emerging field. Every day health care industry produces huge volume of data. It is very tedioustask to find the right data for the right place. In other words we are having rich data but poor utilization. In this paper we discuss how data mining techniques can be used in health care industry. Health care industry has enormous data.Healthcare industry today generates large amounts of complex data about patients, hospitals resources, diseasediagnosis, electronic patient records, medical devices etc. The large amounts of data is a key resource to be processed and analyzed for knowledge extraction that enables support for cost-savings and decision making. Datamining brings a set of tools and techniques that can be applied to this processed data to discover hidden patterns that provide healthcare professionals an additional source of knowledge for making decisions. With continuous advancesin technology, increasing number of clinicians are using electronic medical records to accumulate substantialamounts of data about their patients with the associated clinical conditions and treatment details. The hiddenrelationships and patterns within these information would further our medical knowledge including its efficienciesand deficiencies. Methodologies that are being used in parallel industries with increasing effectively need to bemodified and applied to discover this knowledge. In this article we are going to discuss about how data mining can be used in medical field, how it solves the business issues, challenges in data mining, data mining techniques and thesemma methodology.
Keywords:
Data Mining, Health Care, Neural Networks, Neuro Fuzzy, Decision Tree algorithm
1.Introduction
Data mining can be defined as the process of finding previously unknown patterns and trends in databases and usingthat information to build predictive models. Alternatively, it can be defined as the process of data selection and exploration and building models using vast data stores to uncover previously unknown patterns. Data mining is notnew—it has been used intensively and extensively by financial institutions, for credit scoring and fraud detection;marketers, for direct marketing and cross-selling or up-selling; retailers, for market segmentation and store layout;and manufacturers, for quality control and maintenance scheduling.In healthcare, data mining is becoming increasingly popular, if not increasingly essential. Several factors havemotivated the use of data mining applications in healthcare. The existence of medical insurance fraud and abuse, for example, has led many healthcare insurers to attempt to reduce their losses by using data mining tools to help themfind and track offenders. Fraud detection using data mining applications is prevalent in the commercial world, for example, in the detection of fraudulent credit card transactions. Recently, there have been reports of successful datamining applications in healthcare fraud and abuse detection. Another factor is that the huge amounts of datagenerated by healthcare transactions are too complex and voluminous to be processed and analyzed by traditionalmethods. Data mining can improve decision-making by discovering patterns and trends in large amounts of complexdata. Such analysis has become increasingly essential as financial pressures have heightened the need for healthcareorganizations to make decisions based on the analysis of clinical and financial data. Insights gained from datamining can influence cost, revenue, and operating efficiency while maintaining a high level of care.
 
International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, May 2013, Vol. 4 No. 5,ISSN: 1837-782311
2. Data Mining in Medical Data Bases
Data mining is an essential step of knowledge discovery. In recent years it has attracted great deal of interest inInformation industry. Knowledge discovery process consists of an iterative sequence of data cleaning, dataintegration, data selection, data mining pattern recognition and knowledge presentation. In particulars, data miningmay accomplish class description, association, classification, clustering, prediction and time series analysis. Datamining in contrast to traditional data analysis is discovery driven. Data mining is a young interdisciplinary field closely connected to data warehousing, statistics, machine learning, neural networks and inductive logic programming.
Fig 1 Data Base Architecture
Data mining provides automatic pattern recognition and attempts to uncover patterns in data that are difficult todetect with traditional statistical methods. Without data mining it is difficult to realize the full potential of datacollected within healthcare organization as data under analysis is massive, highly dimensional, distributed and uncertain. Massive healthcare data needs to be converted into information and knowledge, which can help control,cost and maintains high quality of patient care. Healthcare data includes Patient centric data and Aggregate data. For health care organization to succeed they must have the ability to capture, store and analyze data (Fig.1) Onlineanalytical processing (OLAP) provides one way for data to be analyzed in a multi-dimensional capacity. With theadoption of data warehousing and data analysis/OLAP tools, an organization can make strides in leveraging data for  better decision making. Many healthcare organizations struggle with the utilization of data collected through anorganization online transaction processing (OLTP) system that is not integrated for decision making and patternanalysis. For successful healthcare organization it is important to empower the management and staff with datawarehousing based on critical thinking and knowledge management tools for strategic decision making. Data
 
International Journal of Computational Intelligence and Information Security, May 2013, Vol. 4 No. 5,ISSN: 1837-782312warehousing can be supported by decision support tools such as data mart, OLAP and data mining tools. A data martis a subset of data warehouse. It focuses on selected subjects. Online analytical processing (OLAP) solution providesa multi-dimensional view of the data found in relational databases. With stored data in two dimensional formatOLAP makes it possible to analyze potentially large amount of data with very fast response times and provides theability for users to go through the data and drill down or roll up through various dimensions as defined by the datastructure.
3. Solving Business Issues
The SAS data mining solution has been used in health care to overcome a wide range of business issues and  problems. Some of these include:
 
Segmenting customers/patients accurately into groups with similar health patterns.
 
Rapidly identifying who are the most profitable customers and the underlying reasons.
 
Understanding why customers leave for competitors (attrition, churn analysis).
 
Planning for effective information systems management.
 
Preparing for demand of resources.
 
Anticipating customers’/patient’s future actions, given their history and characteristics.
 
Predicting medical diagnosis.
 
Forecasting treatment costs.
 
Predicting length of stay in a hospital.
 
Identifying medical procedure expenditures and utilization by analyzing claims and point-of-care data.
 
Predicting total cost of patient care.Once the business problems have been defined and agreed upon, the next logical step is to determine the type and amount of data that will be necessary for making business decisions. As a precursor to data mining, a datawarehouse strategy and implementation is suggested. Integration with SAS software gives the SAS data miningsolution several distinguishing characteristics which allow faster, easier and more accurate conversion of data intoknowledge useful to decision makers.
Data diversity
The SAS data mining solution is designed to accept a wider range of data formats than any other data mining product currently on the market. It will accept data from relational and hierarchical databases, flat files, and other data formats, and it will accept this data from all major hardware platforms.
Distributed client/server
 The SAS data mining solution supports both the “data server” model of client/server computing, in which datalocated on a remote machine can be accessed, and the “compute server” model, which allows data to be processed on a remote server and then forwarded to a client. This is particularly well suited to analytical tasks involving largevolumes of data that require superior processing capabilities.
Consistent implementation on multiple platforms
 The SAS data mining solutions are fully integrated with SAS Software and give users the flexibility to use their  platforms of choice, ranging form desktop machines to powerful servers.
Integrated data management
SAS software’s data management facilities guarantee data integrity without the need for re-keying or additionalvalidation of data. No other data mining solution includes seamless integration with such a comprehensive range of data management functionality. Once the business objectives and data issues have been resolved, the methodologyand approach to data mining can begin.

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