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Quantum Gravity - Maranhao State University

Quantum Gravity - Maranhao State University

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Published by Jaenudin Jay
Starting from the action function, we have derived a theoretical background that leads to the quantization of gravity and the deduction of a correlation between the gravitational and the inertial masses, which depends on the kinetic momentum of the particle. We show that the strong equivalence principle is reaffirmed and, consequently, Einstein's equations are preserved. In fact, such equations are deduced here directly from this new approach to Gravitation. Moreover, we have obtained a generalized equation for the inertial forces, which incorporates the Mach's principle into Gravitation. Also, we have deduced the equation of Entropy; the Hamiltonian for a particle in an electromagnetic field and the reciprocal fine structure constant directly from this new approach. It was also possible to deduce the expression of the Casimir force and to explain the Inflation Period and the Missing Matter, without assuming existence of vacuum fluctuations. This new approach to Gravitation will allow us to understand some crucial matters in Cosmology.
Starting from the action function, we have derived a theoretical background that leads to the quantization of gravity and the deduction of a correlation between the gravitational and the inertial masses, which depends on the kinetic momentum of the particle. We show that the strong equivalence principle is reaffirmed and, consequently, Einstein's equations are preserved. In fact, such equations are deduced here directly from this new approach to Gravitation. Moreover, we have obtained a generalized equation for the inertial forces, which incorporates the Mach's principle into Gravitation. Also, we have deduced the equation of Entropy; the Hamiltonian for a particle in an electromagnetic field and the reciprocal fine structure constant directly from this new approach. It was also possible to deduce the expression of the Casimir force and to explain the Inflation Period and the Missing Matter, without assuming existence of vacuum fluctuations. This new approach to Gravitation will allow us to understand some crucial matters in Cosmology.

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Published by: Jaenudin Jay on Jun 02, 2013
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01/05/2014

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Mathematical Foundations of theRelativistic Theory of Quantum Gravity
Fran De Aquino
Maranhao State University, Physics Department,
 
S.Luis/MA, Brazil.Copyright
©
2008-2011 by Fran De Aquino. All Rights Reserved
 
 Abstract:
Starting from the
action function
, we have derived a theoretical background that leads tothe
quantization of gravity
and the deduction of a correlation between the gravitational and the inertialmasses, which depends on the
kinetic
 
momentum
of the particle. We show that the strong equivalenceprinciple is reaffirmed and, consequently, Einstein's equations are preserved. In fact, such equationsare deduced here directly from this new approach to Gravitation. Moreover, we have obtained ageneralized equation for the inertial forces, which incorporates the Mach's principle into Gravitation.Also, we have deduced the equation of Entropy; the Hamiltonian for a particle in an electromagneticfield and the reciprocal fine structure constant directly from this new approach. It was also possible todeduce the expression of the
Casimir force
and to explain the
Inflation Period
and the
Missing Matter,
 without assuming existence of 
vacuum fluctuations
. This
 
new approach to Gravitation will allow us tounderstand some crucial matters in Cosmology.
Key words: Quantum Gravity, Quantum Cosmology, Unified Field.PACs: 04.60.-m; 98.80.Qc; 04.50. +h
Contents
 
 
3
 
2.Theory3
27
 
3
 
1. INTRODUCTION
 Quantum Gravity was originallystudied, by Dirac and others, as theproblem of quantizing GeneralRelativity. This approach presentsmany difficulties, detailed by Isham[1]. In the 1970's, physicists tried aneven more conventional approach:simplifying Einstein's equations byassuming that they are
almost linear 
,and then applying the standardmethods of quantum field theory tothe thus oversimplified equations. Butthis method, too, failed. In the 1980'sa very different approach, known asstring theory, became popular. Thusfar, there are many enthusiasts of string theory. But the mathematicaldifficulties in string theory areformidable, and it is far from clear thatthey will be resolved any time soon.At the end of 1997, Isham [2] pointedout several "Structural ProblemsFacing Quantum Gravity Theory". Atthe beginning of this new century,the problem of quantizing thegravitational field was still open.In this work, we propose a newapproach to Quantum Gravity.Starting from the generalization of the
action function
we have derived atheoretical background that leads tothe quantization of gravity. Einstein'sGeneral Relativity equations arededuced directly from this theory of Quantum Gravity. Also, this theoryleads to a complete description of theElectromagnetic Field, providing aconsistent unification of gravity withelectromagnetism.
2. THEORY
We start with the
action
for afree-particle that, as we know, isgiven by
=
ba
ds
α 
where
α 
is a quantity whichcharacterizes the particle.In Relativistic Mechanics, theaction can be written in the followingform [3]:
dt cc Ldt 
==
2121
22
1
α 
where
22
1
cc L
=
α 
is the Lagrange's function.In Classical Mechanics, theLagrange's function for a free-particleis, as we know, given by:where
is the speed of the particleand is a quantity
hypothetically
[
2
aV  L
=
a
4]
 
given by:
2
ma
=
where is the mass of the particle.However, there is no distinction aboutthe kind of mass (if 
gravitationalmass
,, or
inertial mass
) neitherabout its sign
m
g
m
i
m
( )
±
. The correlation between and
a
α 
can be established based on thefact that, on the limit , therelativistic expression for
c
 L
must bereduced to the classic expression.The result [
2
aV  L
=
5] is:
c L
2
2
α 
=
. Therefore, if 
mcac
=
2
=
α 
, we obtain. Now, we must decide if 
2
aV  L
=
g
mm
=
or
i
mm
=
. We will see in thiswork that the definition of includes. Thus, the right option is , i.e.,
g
m
i
m
g
m.ma
g
2
=
Consequently,
cm
g
=
α 
and thegeneralized expression for the actionof a free-particle will have thefollowing form:
( )
1
=
bag
dscm
or

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