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TJRC Dissenting Opinion

TJRC Dissenting Opinion

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Published by JohnLucasIII
Dissenting Opinion With Respect To Chapter 2 Of Volume 2B
Dissenting Opinion With Respect To Chapter 2 Of Volume 2B

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Published by: JohnLucasIII on Jun 03, 2013
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06/03/2013

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FORIMMEDIATERELEASESTATEMENTBYTJRCCOMMISSIONERSCHAWATAMA,DINKA,ANDSLYE
Weareshockedandsaddenedbytherecentturnofevents.WeweregivenlessthantwohoursnoticeofthehandingoveroftheFinalReporttothePresidentonTuesday,21May–aproductthatresultedfromaprocessthatwehavedevotedfourlong,andhard,yearsofourlives.Onlyoneofuswasthereforeabletoattendthehandover.Whenwereceivedthenotice,weaskedwhethertheversionoftheFinalReportthatwastobepresentedtothePresidentincludedourdissent,whichwereproducebelow.UndertheProceduresoftheCommissionagreedtobyallCommissionersinwritinginNaivashaon16April(seeattached),anyCommissionerhastherighttodissentwithinforty-eighthoursofhavingsightofthefinaldraftofachapter.OnFriday,17May,wewereinformedthatthefinaldraftofthelandChapterintheReportwouldincludechangesthatweredecidedaftertheendofouroperationalperiod(3May2013)andthatweremotivatedinpartbytheOfficeofthePresident.(Seeourdissentbelowforthehistoryofthesechanges.)Onthatsameday(17May)allthreeofusindicatedbyemailourintentiontoexerciseourrightunderourProcedurestodissent.Werequestedthattheprintingandbindingofthenow-revisedReportbehaltedsothatourdissentcouldbeincludedinthisnewversionoftheFinalReport,againassetforthinourProcedures.Aswesetforthinourdissentbelow,westandbehindallpartsoftheFinalReportotherthanthoseparagraphsinthelandChapterthatwediscussbelow.Welaterlearnedthatnotonlywastheprinternotinstructedtoholdoffthefinalprintingsoastoincludeourdissent,theywereinfactinstructedbyaseniorCommissionofficialtoproduceaFinalReportwiththecontestedchangesandwithoutourdissent,contrarytotheclearrequirementsofourownProcedures.OvertheweekendwewereinformedthatamajorityofCommissionershadvotedtoexcludeourdissentfromtheFinalReport.Again,thiswasclearlycontrarytotheProceduresagreedtobyallCommissioners.Adissentbyitsverynaturedoesnotrequiretheconsentofthemajority;otherwiseitwouldnotbeadissent.Welaterreceivedindicationsthatone,andperhapsmore,Commissionerswhowereclaimedtobeapartofthatmajorityhadinfactnotbeenconsulted,muchlessexpressedtheirconsent,tothiscourseofaction.WhathasbeenhandedovertothePresident,therefore,isanincompleteReport.ThechangesinthelandChapterareinfactpartoftheReport(thoughaswenotebelowtheyweremadeaftertheendofouroperationalperiod,andweresubjecttootherirregularitiesthatmaymakethemopento
 
challenge).Themajorityvotedtomakethosechanges,andwedonotherechallengethevalidityofthatdecision.TheReporthandedovertothePresidentisincomplete,however,becauseitdoesnotincludeourdissent.Weareverysorrythatwhatwasadifficultbutimportantprocesshasendedinsuchanuntidyway.Aswesetoutbelowinourdissent,wetriedmightilytoreachaconsensuswithourfellowCommissionerssothatwecouldstandunitedbehindthisReport.Alas,wefailedatthat.WerecognizetheironyofaCommissiondedicatedtotruth,justice,andreconciliationsuppressingthevoiceofaminorityinclearviolationofouragreeduponprocedures.WewanttoreiteratethatwestandbyourFinalReportasitwasproducedon3May2013.Thechangesweindicatebelow–aswellasanyotherchangesthatmaycometolightthatareatvariancewiththat3Mayversion–wedonotendorse.Wedecidednottoreleasethisdissentuntilnowforonefundamentalreason.TheFinalReport,andalloftheworkthatwentintoit,isanexcellentpieceofwork.Itcontainsdetaileddiscussionandanalysisofsomeofthemostimportanthistoricalinjusticeswithinourmandateperiod.Ithasfar-reachingfindings,andboldrecommendations.Uponitsreleaseon22May,ithasbeenthesubjectofanationaldiscussionaboutthosehistoricalinjusticesandthewayforward.Wedidnotwanttodistractfromtheimportantprocessofreading,andunderstanding,thefullimportofthisReport.Hadwereleasedthedissentimmediately,wewereafraidthatitwouldhaveovershadowed,oratleastdiminished,thecoverageoftheoverwhelmingmajorityoftheFinalReportbehindwhichwestand.Yetwealsofeelstronglythatthisdissentshouldbe,andinourviewis,apartofthisReport.Itisasadchapterinwhathadalwaysbeenachallengingprocess,butitisachapterthatneedstobetold.
DISSENTINGOPINIONWITHRESPECTTOCHAPTER2OFVOLUME2BOFTHEFINALREPORTOFTHETRUTHJUSTICEANDRECONCILIATIONCOMMISSIONOFKENYAJudgeGertrudeChawatamaAmbassadorBerhanuDinkaProfessorRonaldC.Slye
Withmuchregret,andaftermanytirelessdaysoftryingtoreachareasonablecompromise,weareobligatedbyourconscienceandtheoaththatwetookwhenwejoinedthisCommission,todissentcompletelyfromtheamendmentsmadeafter3May2013tothischapterinthisVolumedevotedtoLand–Chapter2ofthisVolume2B.WewanttomakeclearthatourdecisionwithrespecttotheLandchapterdoesnotandshouldnotbetakentosuggestthatwehaveanyconcernsabouttherestoftheReport.Wenotonlystandbehindthoseotherchapters,wearedistinctlyproudtohavebeenapartoftheircreation,andtohavecontributedtoallofthehardworkoverthelastfouryearsthatculminatedinthisReport.
 
Wehaveenjoyedimmenselytheworkwehavedoneinthiscountry,andvaluetheproductiveworkingrelationshipwewereabletodevelopwithourKenyancolleagues.Wecameherewiththeunderstandingthatourrolewastoprovideamoreobjective,andinternational,perspectivetotheworkoftheCommission.Wedonotclaimtobecompletelyobjective(nooneofuscanbe),butwedoapproachthehistoryofKenyawithfresheyes,andwithacommitmenttotheintegrityoftheprocess,andthepeopleofKenya,foremostinourmind.AllthatwehavebeenthroughasaCommissioninthelastfouryearsmakesitparticularlydifficultforustolodgethisdissent.Wetriedashardasweknewhowtoreachacompromisethatwasconsistentwiththeintegrityoftheprocess,thetestimonyofourwitnesses,andourownintegrityandoathofoffice.Weultimatelyfailed.Wesetoutherethereasonsforourdissent,andtheconcernswehavewithrespecttotheLandchapter.Weare,perhapsunderstandably,hesitanttonamenameswithrespecttothefactsweprovidehere.WeareawarethatsomeoftheKenyanstaffandCommissionershavebeenplacedunderenormouspressureinthelastfewweeksrelatedtotheeventswerecounthere.TheLandchapterwasapproved,signed,andsubmittedtotheprinterforpublishingpriortotheendofouroperationalperiodon3May2013.IthadbeenunanimouslyapprovedbyallCommissioners,andwastransmittedtothepublisherinordertobeprintedandboundwiththerestoftheReport.Atthattime,therewasoneCommissionerwhohadraisedsomeconcernsaboutthechapter.TherewasadiscussionabouttheseconcernsthatconcludedwiththepossibilityofthatCommissionerdraftingadissent.NosuchdissentwaseversubmittedtotheCommission.Aroundthissametime,acopyoftheLandchapterappearstohavebeenleakedtoindividualswithtiestoStateHouse.Shortlyafterthis,theCommissionwastoldthatinorderforustohandintheReport,weneededtoprovideanadvancecopytotheMinistryofJusticeandtotheOfficeofthePresident.Thereason,weweretoldatthetime,wasthatofficialsinthoseofficesneededtoprepareasummaryoftheReporttobriefthePresidentsothat,whenwehandedovertheReport,hewouldhavealreadybeenabletofamiliarizehimselfwithitscontents.Initially,theCommissionresistedthisrequest.Afternumerousdiscussionsbothinternallyandwiththoseoffices,andafterweweretoldthattheReportwouldnotbereceivedunlessthis“normalprocedure”wasfollowed,weagreedtoprovideacopyoftheexecutivesummaryoftheReporttotheofficesoftheAttorneyGeneralandtotheOfficeofthePresident.AfterthisconcessionwasmadewewerestilltoldthatanadvancecopyoftheentireReportwasrequired.Withmuchregret,andwiththeabstentionoftwooftheinternationalCommissioners,itwasagreedtogiveanadvancedraftoftheFinalReporttotheOfficeofthePresident.ShortlyaftertheapparentleakoftheLandchapter,andthehandingoverofanadvancedcopytotheOfficeofthePresident,thepositionofsomeoftheKenyanCommissionersbegantoshift.OneCommissionerwhohadbeenthefirsttoapprovetheLandchapter,andwhostatedthatitwas“excellentandnotacommashouldbetouched,”andwhovigorouslyopposedthesuggestionsoftheotherCommissionerwhowascontemplatingadissent,begantoargueforcefullyandconsistentlyformajorrevisionstotheLandchapter.Theserevisionsinvolvedtheremovalofentireparagraphsofthechapter,andsignificantrevisionsofotherparagraphs.

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