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Socio-economic Studies in Tanzania for the Lake Tanganyika Biodiversity Project: A Practical Assessment and Draft Workplan

Socio-economic Studies in Tanzania for the Lake Tanganyika Biodiversity Project: A Practical Assessment and Draft Workplan

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Published by Martin Walsh
Citation: Walsh, M. T. 1996. Socio-economic Studies in Tanzania for the Lake Tanganyika Biodiversity Project: A Practical Assessment and Draft Workplan. Report to the Lake Tanganyika Biodiversity Project (Pollution Control and Other Measures to Protect Biodiversity in Lake Tanganyika), Dar es Salaam. Chatham: Natural Resources Institute.
Citation: Walsh, M. T. 1996. Socio-economic Studies in Tanzania for the Lake Tanganyika Biodiversity Project: A Practical Assessment and Draft Workplan. Report to the Lake Tanganyika Biodiversity Project (Pollution Control and Other Measures to Protect Biodiversity in Lake Tanganyika), Dar es Salaam. Chatham: Natural Resources Institute.

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Published by: Martin Walsh on Apr 22, 2009
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Lake Tanganyika Biodiversity Project
Pollution Control and Other Measures to Protect Biodiversityin Lake Tanganyika (RAF/92/G32)
Socio-economic Special Studies - Tanzania
Martin Walsh
Social Sciences DepartmentNatural Resources InstituteU.K.
Dar es SalaamAugust 1996
SOCIO-ECONOMIC STUDIES IN TANZANIAfor theLAKE TANGANYIKA BIODIVERSITY PROJECT
 
A Practical Assessment and Draft Workplan
 
SOCIO-ECONOMIC STUDIES IN TANZANIA
  for the
LAKE TANGANYIKA BIODIVERSITY PROJECT
 A Practical Assessment and Draft Workplan
Martin Walsh
Social Sciences DepartmentNatural Resources InstituteU.K.
Background
1. This report is based upon a three-week consultancy visit to Tanzania (21 July - 9August 1996), undertaken as part of a mission designed to make a practicalassessment to follow up the baseline reviews and draw up plans for detailedsocio-economic studies to be initiated in the second phase of the Lake TanganyikaBiodiversity Project (LTBP). The LTBP Inception Workshop held in February 1996endorsed proposals for in-depth participatory action research at selected sites in eachlakeside country, to be undertaken jointly by the social science and ennvironmentaleducation (EE) components of the project. Four thematic areas were identified forinvestigation on a national basis: (1) fisheries livelihoods and fishing practices; (2)agricultural land use and livestock; (3) deforestation and energy needs; and (4)population settlement and economic development.2. The main part of the report considers how this process of action research might beimplemented in Tanzania, and comprises, in effect, a draft workplan for future studies.This is subject to the comments and inputs of other project staff and participants,including other members of the mission. In particular it should be noted that this drafthas been drawn up without reference to the detailed recommendations of the EEspecialist who worked in Tanzania and Zambia or of the social scientist who workedin parallel in Zambia (neither of whose reports were available at the time of writing).Discussions in the field with the EE specialist, however, led to the conclusion that thiswork can and should be an integral component of the socio-economic studies, and thisview is reflected in the workplan.3. Following a mix-up over travel arrangements, most of the first week of theconsultancy was spent in Dar es Salaam instead of Kigoma as originally planned.This left a relatively short time for joint work with other members of the mission (itsteam leader and the EE specialist), and only one week instead of the greater part of two weeks for meetings and field visits in Kigoma Region. The third week of theconsultancy was spent in Dar es Salaam, where further meetings were held and thisreport prepared. The results of these meetings and of the field visits undertaken
 
2
during the consultancy are described in detail in an annex to the report (this may beremoved for the purposes of wider circulation).
Strategy
Pushing the process forward 
4. Given the various delays in project implementation to date, there is a clear need tobegin socio-economic action research as soon as possible. The field visits andmeetings held during this consultancy comprised a first step in this process. Ideally,this work should now be continued at the same rate, extending the process to areas inKigoma Region not yet covered in detail and also conducting the same kind of preparatory investigation and activity in Rukwa Region.5. The early appointment of the project’s Regional Socio-economic Coordinatorwould be highly desirable, and facilitate the prosecution of this work with someenergy. Unfortunately there seems to be little prospect that this appointment will bemade in the near future (at present cvs are being collected, while a decision has yet tomade about the terms and conditions which will be offered to the successfulcandidate). The proposed appointment of a Tanzanian national counterpart forsocio-economic studies (to be available as and when needed on a consultancy basis)may help to fill this gap - if they can be set to work immediately. On the other hand itmay do no more than add to the number of resource persons participating in theproject at national level, and put an additional strain on the project budget (assumingthat any work undertaken on the lakeshore would have to be paid for at going marketrates).6. As an interim strategy, TOR have been drafted for the project’s local counterpart inKigoma, Beatrice Marwa (a Fisheries / WID officer who accompanied the currentmission), asking her to continue collecting background information and making therelevant institutional and individual contacts in Kigoma Region (along the linesdescribed in the annex to this report). Otherwise provisional plans have been madefor the writer of this report to return to Kigoma circa mid-October, and to spend 2-3months in the field supervising the work outlined below. It would be an obviousadvantage if a Regional Socio-economic Coordinator was in post by this time and ableto participate in this work (if nothing else this would reduce the need for externalconsultancy inputs, whether from Dar es Salaam or overseas).7. As far as possible this work should be coordinated with parallel activities inZambia, Zaire and Burundi (the security situation permitting). During the missionTOR were drafted for initial socio-economic investigations in Zaire, and it was agreedthat I should visit Uvira for at least one week later in the year to follow up on thisstudy and other actions to push forward a programme of action research in this area. Itwas also suggested that the lead investigator, Mambona wa Bazolana (of CRH,Uvira), might profitably be involved in some of the participatory research activities inKigoma Region, as a prelude to adapting this experience to the Zairean situation.

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