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TJRC Dissent from the International Commissioners

TJRC Dissent from the International Commissioners

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Published by Maskani Ya Taifa
STATEMENT BY TJRC COMMISSIONERS CHAWATAMA, DINKA, AND SLYE

Excerpt:

"As we set forth in our dissent below, we stand behind all parts of the Final Report other than those paragraphs in the land Chapter that we discuss below.

We later learned that not only was the printer not instructed to hold off the final printing so as to include our dissent, they were in fact instructed by a senior Commission official to produce a Final Report with the contested changes and without our dissent, contrary to the clear requirements of our own Procedures."
STATEMENT BY TJRC COMMISSIONERS CHAWATAMA, DINKA, AND SLYE

Excerpt:

"As we set forth in our dissent below, we stand behind all parts of the Final Report other than those paragraphs in the land Chapter that we discuss below.

We later learned that not only was the printer not instructed to hold off the final printing so as to include our dissent, they were in fact instructed by a senior Commission official to produce a Final Report with the contested changes and without our dissent, contrary to the clear requirements of our own Procedures."

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Published by: Maskani Ya Taifa on Jun 03, 2013
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06/03/2013

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FORIMMEDIATERELEASESTATEMENTBYTJRCCOMMISSIONERSCHAWATAMA,DINKA,ANDSLYE
Weareshockedandsaddenedbytherecentturnofevents.WeweregivenlessthantwohoursnoticeofthehandingoveroftheFinalReporttothePresidentonTuesday,21May–aproductthatresultedfromaprocessthatwehavedevotedfourlong,andhard,yearsofourlives.Onlyoneofuswasthereforeabletoattendthehandover.Whenwereceivedthenotice,weaskedwhethertheversionoftheFinalReportthatwastobepresentedtothePresidentincludedourdissent,whichwereproducebelow.UndertheProceduresoftheCommissionagreedtobyallCommissionersinwritinginNaivashaon16April(seeattached),anyCommissionerhastherighttodissentwithinforty-eighthoursofhavingsightofthefinaldraftofachapter.OnFriday,17May,wewereinformedthatthefinaldraftofthelandChapterintheReportwouldincludechangesthatweredecidedaftertheendofouroperationalperiod(3May2013)andthatweremotivatedinpartbytheOfficeofthePresident.(Seeourdissentbelowforthehistoryofthesechanges.)Onthatsameday(17May)allthreeofusindicatedbyemailourintentiontoexerciseourrightunderourProcedurestodissent.Werequestedthattheprintingandbindingofthenow-revisedReportbehaltedsothatourdissentcouldbeincludedinthisnewversionoftheFinalReport,againassetforthinourProcedures.Aswesetforthinourdissentbelow,westandbehindallpartsoftheFinalReportotherthanthoseparagraphsinthelandChapterthatwediscussbelow.Welaterlearnedthatnotonlywastheprinternotinstructedtoholdoffthefinalprintingsoastoincludeourdissent,theywereinfactinstructedbyaseniorCommissionofficialtoproduceaFinalReportwiththecontestedchangesandwithoutourdissent,contrarytotheclearrequirementsofourownProcedures.OvertheweekendwewereinformedthatamajorityofCommissionershadvotedtoexcludeourdissentfromtheFinalReport.Again,thiswasclearlycontrarytotheProceduresagreedtobyallCommissioners.Adissentbyitsverynaturedoesnotrequiretheconsentofthemajority;otherwiseitwouldnotbeadissent.Welaterreceivedindicationsthatone,andperhapsmore,Commissionerswhowereclaimedtobeapartofthatmajorityhadinfactnotbeenconsulted,muchlessexpressedtheirconsent,tothiscourseofaction.WhathasbeenhandedovertothePresident,therefore,isanincompleteReport.ThechangesinthelandChapterareinfactpartoftheReport(thoughaswenotebelowtheyweremadeaftertheendofouroperationalperiod,andweresubjecttootherirregularitiesthatmaymakethemopento
 
challenge).Themajorityvotedtomakethosechanges,andwedonotherechallengethevalidityofthatdecision.TheReporthandedovertothePresidentisincomplete,however,becauseitdoesnotincludeourdissent.Weareverysorrythatwhatwasadifficultbutimportantprocesshasendedinsuchanuntidyway.Aswesetoutbelowinourdissent,wetriedmightilytoreachaconsensuswithourfellowCommissionerssothatwecouldstandunitedbehindthisReport.Alas,wefailedatthat.WerecognizetheironyofaCommissiondedicatedtotruth,justice,andreconciliationsuppressingthevoiceofaminorityinclearviolationofouragreeduponprocedures.WewanttoreiteratethatwestandbyourFinalReportasitwasproducedon3May2013.Thechangesweindicatebelow–aswellasanyotherchangesthatmaycometolightthatareatvariancewiththat3Mayversion–wedonotendorse.Wedecidednottoreleasethisdissentuntilnowforonefundamentalreason.TheFinalReport,andalloftheworkthatwentintoit,isanexcellentpieceofwork.Itcontainsdetaileddiscussionandanalysisofsomeofthemostimportanthistoricalinjusticeswithinourmandateperiod.Ithasfar-reachingfindings,andboldrecommendations.Uponitsreleaseon22May,ithasbeenthesubjectofanationaldiscussionaboutthosehistoricalinjusticesandthewayforward.Wedidnotwanttodistractfromtheimportantprocessofreading,andunderstanding,thefullimportofthisReport.Hadwereleasedthedissentimmediately,wewereafraidthatitwouldhaveovershadowed,oratleastdiminished,thecoverageoftheoverwhelmingmajorityoftheFinalReportbehindwhichwestand.Yetwealsofeelstronglythatthisdissentshouldbe,andinourviewis,apartofthisReport.Itisasadchapterinwhathadalwaysbeenachallengingprocess,butitisachapterthatneedstobetold.
DISSENTINGOPINIONWITHRESPECTTOCHAPTER2OFVOLUME2BOFTHEFINALREPORTOFTHETRUTHJUSTICEANDRECONCILIATIONCOMMISSIONOFKENYAJudgeGertrudeChawatamaAmbassadorBerhanuDinkaProfessorRonaldC.Slye
Withmuchregret,andaftermanytirelessdaysoftryingtoreachareasonablecompromise,weareobligatedbyourconscienceandtheoaththatwetookwhenwejoinedthisCommission,todissentcompletelyfromtheamendmentsmadeafter3May2013tothischapterinthisVolumedevotedtoLand–Chapter2ofthisVolume2B.WewanttomakeclearthatourdecisionwithrespecttotheLandchapterdoesnotandshouldnotbetakentosuggestthatwehaveanyconcernsabouttherestoftheReport.Wenotonlystandbehindthoseotherchapters,wearedistinctlyproudtohavebeenapartoftheircreation,andtohavecontributedtoallofthehardworkoverthelastfouryearsthatculminatedinthisReport.
 
Wehaveenjoyedimmenselytheworkwehavedoneinthiscountry,andvaluetheproductiveworkingrelationshipwewereabletodevelopwithourKenyancolleagues.Wecameherewiththeunderstandingthatourrolewastoprovideamoreobjective,andinternational,perspectivetotheworkoftheCommission.Wedonotclaimtobecompletelyobjective(nooneofuscanbe),butwedoapproachthehistoryofKenyawithfresheyes,andwithacommitmenttotheintegrityoftheprocess,andthepeopleofKenya,foremostinourmind.AllthatwehavebeenthroughasaCommissioninthelastfouryearsmakesitparticularlydifficultforustolodgethisdissent.Wetriedashardasweknewhowtoreachacompromisethatwasconsistentwiththeintegrityoftheprocess,thetestimonyofourwitnesses,andourownintegrityandoathofoffice.Weultimatelyfailed.Wesetoutherethereasonsforourdissent,andtheconcernswehavewithrespecttotheLandchapter.Weare,perhapsunderstandably,hesitanttonamenameswithrespecttothefactsweprovidehere.WeareawarethatsomeoftheKenyanstaffandCommissionershavebeenplacedunderenormouspressureinthelastfewweeksrelatedtotheeventswerecounthere.TheLandchapterwasapproved,signed,andsubmittedtotheprinterforpublishingpriortotheendofouroperationalperiodon3May2013.IthadbeenunanimouslyapprovedbyallCommissioners,andwastransmittedtothepublisherinordertobeprintedandboundwiththerestoftheReport.Atthattime,therewasoneCommissionerwhohadraisedsomeconcernsaboutthechapter.TherewasadiscussionabouttheseconcernsthatconcludedwiththepossibilityofthatCommissionerdraftingadissent.NosuchdissentwaseversubmittedtotheCommission.Aroundthissametime,acopyoftheLandchapterappearstohavebeenleakedtoindividualswithtiestoStateHouse.Shortlyafterthis,theCommissionwastoldthatinorderforustohandintheReport,weneededtoprovideanadvancecopytotheMinistryofJusticeandtotheOfficeofthePresident.Thereason,weweretoldatthetime,wasthatofficialsinthoseofficesneededtoprepareasummaryoftheReporttobriefthePresidentsothat,whenwehandedovertheReport,hewouldhavealreadybeenabletofamiliarizehimselfwithitscontents.Initially,theCommissionresistedthisrequest.Afternumerousdiscussionsbothinternallyandwiththoseoffices,andafterweweretoldthattheReportwouldnotbereceivedunlessthis“normalprocedure”wasfollowed,weagreedtoprovideacopyoftheexecutivesummaryoftheReporttotheofficesoftheAttorneyGeneralandtotheOfficeofthePresident.AfterthisconcessionwasmadewewerestilltoldthatanadvancecopyoftheentireReportwasrequired.Withmuchregret,andwiththeabstentionoftwooftheinternationalCommissioners,itwasagreedtogiveanadvancedraftoftheFinalReporttotheOfficeofthePresident.ShortlyaftertheapparentleakoftheLandchapter,andthehandingoverofanadvancedcopytotheOfficeofthePresident,thepositionofsomeoftheKenyanCommissionersbegantoshift.OneCommissionerwhohadbeenthefirsttoapprovetheLandchapter,andwhostatedthatitwas“excellentandnotacommashouldbetouched,”andwhovigorouslyopposedthesuggestionsoftheotherCommissionerwhowascontemplatingadissent,begantoargueforcefullyandconsistentlyformajorrevisionstotheLandchapter.Theserevisionsinvolvedtheremovalofentireparagraphsofthechapter,andsignificantrevisionsofotherparagraphs.

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