( A revised 8-part series on how the custom of tying the Mangal sutra couldhave come into practice)Mangal sutra - not a part of Vedic marriage.
Human life revolves around four concepts namely, Dharma, Artha , Kamaand Moksha.The very first step "Dharma" can be followed only in Grihastha ashrama."Dharma praja sampatyartham StrIyamudvahe" is the sankalapa made atthe time of marriage. Only with the wife by his side, a person gets theauthority to do any act of dharma or a lead a life of dharma. Only with thewife, a person can achieve perfection in life by begetting children -"Prajayaahi manushyah poornaah" is the sruti vachan.After the completion of education in Brahmacharya, one pays thedakshinai to the Guru, and seeks permission from the Guru to entermarried life to dispose off the third rNa, namelyPithru rNa(the other twoare deva rNa and rishi rNa. A person is born with these 3 debts) - "Achaarya priyam dhana mahrutya tantum mavyavatsetsi" is the Taittriyavachan.The entry into grishatha ashrama is beset withvows and wishesso thatdharma, Artha and Kaama can be attained or performed incomplementary roles by the man and the woman in a life longcommitment. This commitment done as marriage rite, is based on thepremise that every act of life encompassing the above four, collectivelyknown asPurusharthas,can not be done without the woman as the forceof Thought. This force of Thought is shaped by the three gunas (sattwa,