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Table Of Contents

Introduction
1.1 Spread Spectrum
1.2 Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing
1.3 Multiple Access
1.4 Duplex
1.4.1 Time-Division Duplex (TDD)
1.4.2 Frequency-Division Duplex (FDD)
1.4.3 Multicarrier-Division Duplex (MDD)
1.4.4 Code-Division Duplex (CDD)
1.5 Diversity in Wireless Communications
1.6 Organization of the Book
Principles of Code-Division Multiple-Access Communications
2.1 Direct-Sequence Spread Spectrum
2.1.1 Transmitted Signals
2.1.2 Detection of DS-SS Signals
2.1.2.1 Correlation Receiver
2.1.2.2 Matched-Filter Receiver
2.1.3 Anti-Jamming Property of DS-SS Systems
2.1.4 Direct-Sequence Code-Division Multiple Access
2.2 Multicarrier Spread-Spectrum Communications
2.2.1 Transmitted Signals
2.2.2 Detection of MC Spread-Spectrum Signals
2.2.3 Multicarrier Code-Division Multiple Access
2.3 Frequency-Hopped Spread-Spectrum Communications
2.3.1 M-ary Frequency-Shift Keying
2.3.2 M-ary Frequency-Shift Keying Aided Slow Frequency-Hopping
2.3.3 M-ary Frequency-Shift Keying Aided Fast Frequency-Hopping
2.3.4 Detection of FH/MFSK Signals
2.3.5 Frequency-Hopping Multiple-Access
2.3.5.1 Slow Frequency-Hopping Multiple-Access
2.3.5.2 Fast Frequency-Hopping Multiple-Access
2.4 Time-Hopping Spread-Spectrum Communications
2.4.1 Slow Time-Hopping M-ary Pulse-Position Modulation
2.4.2 Fast Time-Hopping M-ary Pulse-Position Modulation
2.4.3 Detection of Slow Time-Hopping Signals
2.4.4 Detection of Fast Time-Hopping Signals
2.4.5 Time-Hopping Multiple-Access
2.4.5.1 Slow Time-Hopping Multiple-Access
2.4.5.2 Fast Time-Hopping Multiple-Access
2.5 Hybrid Direct-Sequence/Frequency-Hopping Multiple-Access
2.5.1 Hybrid DS/SFH Signals
2.5.1.1 DS/SFH Using BPSK Modulation
2.5.1.2 Detection of BPSK Modulated DS/SFH Signals
2.5.2 Hybrid DS/FFH Signals
2.5.2.1 DS/FFH Using MFSK Modulation
2.5.2.2 Detection of DS/FFH Signals Using MFSK
2.5.2.3 DS/FFH Using M-ary Orthogonal Modulation
2.6 Hybrid Direct-Sequence/Time-Hopping Multiple-Access
2.6.1 Hybrid DS/STH Signals
2.6.1.1 DS/STH Using MPPM
2.6.1.2 Detection of DS/STH Signals Using MPPM
2.6.2 Hybrid DS/FTH Signals
2.6.2.1 DS/FTH Using MPPM
2.6.2.2 Detection of DS/FTH Signal Using MPPM
2.6.2.3 DS/FTH Using M-ary Orthogonal Modulation
2.7 Summary and Discussion
Principles of Multicarrier Communications
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing
3.2.1 Modulator
3.2.2 Modulation Parameters
3.2.3 Demodulator
3.2.4 Implementation of Multicarrier Modulation/Demodulation
3.3 Frequency-Domain Spread Multicarrier CDMA
3.3.1 Transmitted Signal
3.3.2 Modulation Parameters
3.3.3 Correlation Receiver
3.4 Single-Carrier Frequency-Division Multiple Access
3.5 Orthogonal Multicarrier DS-CDMA
3.5.1 Transmitted Signal
3.5.2 Modulation Parameters
3.5.3 Correlation Receiver
3.6 Multitone DS-CDMA
3.6.1 Transmitted Signal
3.6.2 Modulation Parameters
3.6.3 Correlation Receiver
3.7 Generalized Multicarrier DS-CDMA
3.7.1 Transmitted Signal
3.7.2 Modulation Parameters
3.7.3 Correlation Receiver
3.8 Time-Hopping Multicarrier CDMA
3.8.1 Transmitted Signal
3.8.2 Modulation Parameters
3.8.3 Receiver Model
3.9 Time-Frequency-Domain Spread Multicarrier DS-CDMA
3.9.1 Transmitted Signal
3.9.2 Receiver Model
3.10 Summary and Discussion
Performance of Multicarrier Systems over Gaussian Channels
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Performance of Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing
4.3 Performance of Single-User Frequency-Domain Spread Multicarrier CDMA
4.4 Performance of Single-User Multicarrier DS-CDMA
4.5 Performance of Single-User Time-Hopping Multicarrier CDMA
4.5.1 Power Spectral Density of TH/MC-CDMA Signals
4.5.2 Error Probability of TH/MC-CDMA Systems
4.6.1 Transmitted signal
4.6.2 Power Spectral Density
4.6.3 Representation of the Received Signal
4.6.4 Single-User Detection and Analysis
4.6.5 Bit-Error Rate (BER) Performance Analysis
4.6.6 Bit-Error Rate (BER) Performance Results
4.7 Equivalence Between Single-Carrier DS-CDMA and Multicarrier CDMA
4.8 Summary and Discussion
Appendix 4.A Standard Gaussian Approximation
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Frequency-Selective Fading in Multicarrier Systems
5.3 IntersymbolInterferenceSuppression: Cyclic-Prefixing and Zero-Padding
5.4 Generation of Fading Statistics for Multicarrier Signals
5.5 Performance of Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing
5.6 Performance of Single-User Frequency-Domain Spread Multicarrier CDMA
5.6.1 Representation of the Received Signals
5.6.2 MRC-Assisted Detection and Performance Analysis
5.6.3 Performance Results
5.7 Performance of Single-Carrier Frequency-Division Multiple Access
5.8 Frequency-Domain Equalization in Single-Carrier DS-CDMA
5.9 Performance of Single-User Multicarrier DS-CDMA
5.9.1 Representation of the Received Signals
5.9.2 MRC-Assisted Detection and Performance Analysis
5.9.3 Interbit and Intercarrier Interference in MC DS-CDMA: An Example
5.10 Performance of Single-User Time-Hopping Multicarrier CDMA
5.10.1 Decision Variables and Their Statistics
5.10.2 Error Probability Analysis
5.10.3 Performance Results
5.11.1 Representation of the Received Signal
5.11.2 Single-User Detection and Analysis
5.11.3 Statistics Analysis
5.11.4 Bit-Error Rate (BER) Analysis
5.11.4.1 Standard Gaussian Approximation
5.11.4.2 Simplified Improved Gaussian Approximation
5.11.5 Performance Results
5.12 Summary and Discussion
2γ)f(γ)dγ
Appendix 5.C Derivation of the Variance of
Coherent Multiuser Detection
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Multiuser Detection in Frequency-Domain Spread Multicarrier CDMA
6.2.1 Decorrelating
6.2.2 Minimum Variance Distortionless Response (MVDR)
6.2.3 Minimum Mean-Square Error (MMSE)
6.2.4 Maximum Signal-to-Interference-plus-Noise Ratio (MSINR)
6.2.5 Minimum Power Distortionless Response (MPDR)
6.2.6 Multiuser Detection in Subspaces
6.2.6.1 Signal Subspace
6.2.6.2 Principal Components (PCs)
6.2.6.3 Cross-Spectral Metric (CSM)
6.2.6.4 Taylor Polynomial Approximation (TPA)
6.2.7 Decision Feedback Multiuser Detection
6.2.7.1 Matched-Filtering Decision-Feedback
6.2.7.2 Zero-Forcing Decision-Feedback
6.2.7.3 Minimum Mean-Square Error Decision-Feedback
6.2.8 Maximum A Posteriori Probability Multiuser Detection
6.2.9 Maximum Likelihood Decision Multiuser Detection
6.2.10 Minimum Error-Probability Linear Multiuser Detection
6.3 Multiuser Detection in Multicarrier DS-CDMA
6.3.1 Zero-Forcing Multiuser Detection
6.3.2 Minimum Mean-Square Error Multiuser Detection
6.3.3 Maximum Likelihood Decision Multiuser Detection
6.4.1 Time-Frequency-Domain Zero-Forcing Multiuser Detection
6.4.2 Time-Frequency-Domain MMSE Multiuser Detection
6.4.3 Hybrid Time-Frequency-Domain ZF-MMSE Multiuser Detection
6.4.4 Maximum-Likelihood Decision Multiuser Detection
6.5 Summary and Discussion
Appendix 6.A Derivatives with Respect to Complex Vector/Matrix
Appendix 6.B Matrix Inversion
6.C.1 Search Algorithms
6.C.1.1 QRD-M Tree-Search Algorithm
6.C.1.2 Greedy Search Algorithm
6.C.1.3 Sphere-Decoding-Based Search
6.C.1.4 Coordinate Descent Search Algorithm
6.C.1.5 Evolutionary Programming Algorithm
6.C.1.6 Genetic Algorithm
6.C.1.7 Ant-Colony-Inspired Search
6.C.2 Non-Search Algorithms
6.C.2.1 Expectation Maximization
6.C.2.2 Probabilistic Data Associated Algorithm
6.C.2.3 Semidefinite Programming Relaxation
Noncoherent Multiuser Detection
7.1 Representation of Discrete Time-Hopping Multicarrier CDMA Signals
7.2 Noncoherent Single-User Detection
7.5 Prior Noncoherent MMSE Multiuser Detection
7.6 Optimum Posterior Noncoherent Multiuser Detection
7.8 Posterior Noncoherent Interference Cancellation
7.8.1 Conventional Single-User Posterior Noncoherent Detection
7.8.3 Iterative Posterior Interference Cancellation
7.8.4 Posterior Multistage Interference Cancellation
7.9 Summary and Discussion
Appendix 7.B Derivation of PNC(i)
Multiuser Transmitter Preprocessing
8.1 Principles of Transmitter Preprocessing: An Example
8.2 Transmitter Preprocessing in Frequency-Domain Spread MC-CDMA
8.2.1 Transmitted Signal
8.2.2 Representation of the Received Signal
8.2.3 Transmitter Matched-Filtering Single-User Preprocessor
8.2.4 Zero-Forcing Multiuser Transmitter Preprocessor
8.2.9 Eigenspace-Based Multiuser Transmitter Preprocessing
8.2.12 Transmitter Multiuser Interference Cancellation
8.3.1 Transmitted Signal
8.3.3.3 Minimum Mean-Square Error
8.3.4 Maximum Mutual Information Multiuser Transmitter Preprocessing
8.3.5 Transmission Power Allocation
8.3.5.1 Joint Power Normalization
8.3.5.2 Individual Power Normalization
8.3.5.3 Maximal SNR Assisted Normalization for ZF-MUTP
8.5.1 Time-Division Duplex (TDD)
8.5.2 Frequency-Division Duplex (FDD)
8.5.3.3 Channel Estimation/Prediction in MDD Systems
8.6 Summary and Discussion
9.1 Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Communications
9.1.1 Multiple-Input Multiple-Output System Model
9.1.2 Capacity of Multiple-Input Multiple-Output Channels
9.2 Spatial Diversity
9.2.1 Receive Diversity
9.2.2 Transmit Diversity
9.2.2.1 Switched Transmit Diversity
9.2.2.2 TMRC-Assisted Transmit Diversity
9.2.2.3 Orthogonal Transmit Diversity
9.2.2.4 Transmit Diversity Based on Space–Time Coding
9.2.2.5 Transmit Diversity Based on Space–Time Spreading
9.2.3 MIMO Diversity
9.3 Spatial-Division Multiple Access
9.4.1 Transmission Scheme
9.4.2 Receiver Scheme
9.4.3 Analysis of Probability of Error
9.4.4 Performance Results
9.5 Time-Frequency-Domain Space–Time Spread Multicarrier DS-CDMA
9.5.1 Transmission Scheme
9.5.2 Receiver Scheme
9.5.3 Analysis of Probability of Error
9.6.1 System Model
9.6.1.1 Transmitter Model
9.6.1.2 Receiver Model
9.6.2 Detection Schemes
9.6.3 Analysis of Single-User Bit-Error-Rate
9.6.4 Performance Results
9.6.5 Conclusions
9.7 Summary and Discussion
Bibliography
Index
P. 1
Multicarrier Communications

Multicarrier Communications

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Published by Wiley
Benefiting from both time-domain and frequency-domain signal processing techniques, multicarrier systems have the potential for achieving high spectral-efficiency, high-flexibility and low-complexity wireless communications. Multicarrier techniques therefore constitute the promising techniques for implementation of future generations of wideband, broadband and ultra-wideband systems.

Multicarrier Communications offers comprehensive and in-depth evaluation of numerous topics in the area, covering the fundamental principles of spread-spectrum and multicarrier CDMA as well as more advanced topics such as multiuser detection (MUD), multiuser transmitter preprocessing (MUTP), MIMO and space-time processing. It examines OFDM and various multicarrier CDMA within an unified framework and provides analytical approaches and formulas for error-performance evaluation of numerous multicarrier systems.

Examines MUD and MUTP in parallel to illustrate the strong duality between receiver optimization and transmitter optimization Comprehensively establishes the theory of noncoherent MUD and noncoherent interference suppression Details the body of knowledge on MIMO theory and space-time multicarrier communications Contains tables, diagrams and figures to illustrate the performance results.

Practicing electrical engineers and researchers in wireless communications will find Multicarrier Communications an invaluable guide. It will also be of interest to senior undergraduate and graduate students on wireless communications courses.

Benefiting from both time-domain and frequency-domain signal processing techniques, multicarrier systems have the potential for achieving high spectral-efficiency, high-flexibility and low-complexity wireless communications. Multicarrier techniques therefore constitute the promising techniques for implementation of future generations of wideband, broadband and ultra-wideband systems.

Multicarrier Communications offers comprehensive and in-depth evaluation of numerous topics in the area, covering the fundamental principles of spread-spectrum and multicarrier CDMA as well as more advanced topics such as multiuser detection (MUD), multiuser transmitter preprocessing (MUTP), MIMO and space-time processing. It examines OFDM and various multicarrier CDMA within an unified framework and provides analytical approaches and formulas for error-performance evaluation of numerous multicarrier systems.

Examines MUD and MUTP in parallel to illustrate the strong duality between receiver optimization and transmitter optimization Comprehensively establishes the theory of noncoherent MUD and noncoherent interference suppression Details the body of knowledge on MIMO theory and space-time multicarrier communications Contains tables, diagrams and figures to illustrate the performance results.

Practicing electrical engineers and researchers in wireless communications will find Multicarrier Communications an invaluable guide. It will also be of interest to senior undergraduate and graduate students on wireless communications courses.

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Publish date: Jan 21, 2009
Added to Scribd: Jun 04, 2013
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9780470740231
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