© 2013, Latin American Public Opinion Project
The traditional overwhelmingly Catholiccountries (at the national level) score at the top,such as Paraguay, Mexico, Ecuador, Venezuela,Peru and Colombia, whereas practically all theEnglish speaking countries score near the bottom: Jamaica, Guyana, Trinidad andTobago, the US, and Suriname. It is noteworthythat more than three quarters of Argentineans,
the Pope’s fellow countrymen and women,
report identifying as Catholic, a figure thatsharply contrasts with specific religious behaviors as we will show in the followinggraphs.Church attendance can indicate how deeply feltreligious identification is in behavioral terms.The newly elected Pope comes from a countryin which, as we have shown, most people areCatholic, but as we show here, few actuallyattend Church on a regular level. Levels ofchurch attendance among Catholics across theAmericas vary sharply from country tocountry, as shown in Figure 2.
Central American Catholics are likely to attendmass almost every week, whereas Catholicsfrom the three well-known religiously liberalSouth American nations, Chile, Uruguay andArgentina go to mass less than once a month onaverage (the respondents in the US and Canadawere not asked this question).Another important religious attitude refers tothe link between parishioners and their
communities, giving us a measure of “religious
such as levels of attendance inreligious groups, as shown in Figure 3.
wording (q5a) reads: “How often do youattend religious services?”
. Response categories are morethan once per week, once per week, once a month, once ortwice a year, and never or almost never.
The question wording (cp6) reads: “
I am going to read alist of groups and organizations. Please tell me if youattend their meetings at least once a week, once or twice amonth, once or twice a year, or never: meetings of anyreligious organization? Do you attend them...
Figure 2. Catholic Attendance in the Americas,2012
Uruguay ArgentinaChileVenezuelaParaguayJamaicaMexicoEcuador Costa RicaBoliviaColombiaGuyanaNicaraguaHondurasEl Salvador GuatemalaPeruTrinidad & TobagoPanamaBrazilDom. Rep.BelizeHaiti
0 20 40 60 80
95% Confidence Interval (Design-Effects Based)
Source: © AmericasBarometer by LAPOP