governments have very different opinions about the same topic? If thescience is value-free why does the government have to intercede in this kindof situation? As we can see the issue here is not only about financial aid, butabout two different perspectives in relation to a specific experiment. If thescience only focuses itself in empirically true data and facts, why should wehave to be worried about what our scientists do in the labs? For somegroups, scientists for instance, we only need to discover what is true. Itdoesn´t matter the consequences of the discovery because that is not thefield of science. Other groups such as religion, politics, philosophers of science,and so on, believe that each scientific discovery has itsconsequences. For instance, Harold Kincaid, professor at University of Alabama says: “Science is a human enterprise, so values inevitably comeinto play.” How can that be true? If it is true, is there not a contradictionbased on the own definition of science? Let´s bring another perspective. DrRobin Craig, Ph.D. in molecular genetics from the University of NSW believesthat one of the shortcomings of science is that it “cannot give us values, orworse, it destroys the basis of values.” Moreover, Michael Crichton in hisbook
says something very interesting:
"Largely through science, billions of us live in one small world... Butscience cannot help us decide what to do with that world, or how to live.Science can make a nuclear reactor, but it cannot tell us not to build it.Science can make pesticide, but cannot tell us not to use it ... And [the powerscience gives] will force everyone to ask the same question - What should Ido with my power? - which is the very question science says it cannotanswer."
Let´s take a look to other news. Few days ago, precisely, on April 132009,
The UN security council condemned North Korea's rocket launch on 5April, demanding an end to further launches and saying it will expandsanctions against the reclusive communist nation. North Korea carried out thelaunch in defiance of intense international pressure, claiming it had put asatellite in orbit which is allowed under a UN space treaty. The United States, Japan and South Korea claim North Korea was really testing long-rangemissile technology, which Pyongyang is banned from doing.
Who has the last decision about scientific experiments? Who decideswhether a scientific experiment should be allowed or not? Does scienceitself, scientists, or governments have the answer if a morality value judge isneeded? Can we take some morality values from science or do we have toask the political community about that? Is it true that science is just one of the best weapons of humankind? If that is true, and science is independentof morality values; who and how will we avoid that a scientific experimentdestroys humankind? If science is a human enterprise, could we affirm that itis inevitable that values come into play?