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Table Of Contents

Introduction
1.1 PURPOSE
1.3 WHO WILL BENEFIT FROM THIS GUIDELINE?
Management
2.1 MANAGEMENT OVERVIEW
2.2 WHY DO WE USE GAS DETECTORS?
2.3 WHAT DO WE WANT TO DETECT?
2.5 HOW MUCH SHOULD WE SPEND ON DETECTION?
Determining Where Gas Detection May or May Not be Beneficial
3.1 ASSESSING WHERE GAS DETECTION MAY BE BENEFICIAL
3.2 SITUATIONS WHERE OTHER TECHNOLOGIES MAY BE MORE BENEFICIAL
3.4 SITUATIONS WHERE TOXIC GAS DETECTION MAY BE BENEFICIAL
3.5 SITUATIONS WHERE COMBUSTIBLE DETECTION MAY BE BENEFICIAL
3.6 EXAMPLE APPLICATIONS OF THE CONTINUOUS MONITORING SYSTEM
3.6.1 Generalized Applications
3.6.3 Perimeter Monitoring at an LPG Storage Facility
3.6.6 Hazardous Gas Monitoring: System Features
3.6.7 Hazardous Gas Monitoring: Sample Points
3.7 REFERENCES
3.8 GLOSSARY
Sensor Technology
4.1 INTRODUCTION
4.2 DESCRIPTION OF GASES AND VAPORS
4.2.1 Gas
4.2.2 Vapor
4.3 AVAILABLE SENSORS AND HOW THEY WORK
4.3.1 Electrochemical Sensors
4.3.2 Infrared (IR) Sensors
4.3.3 Catalytic Bead Sensors
4.3.4 Photoionization Detector (PID)
43.5 Thermal Conductivity (TC) Gas Detectors
4.3.6 Colorimetry (i.e., Honeywell Zellwegger Chemcassette@)
4.3.7 Radon Gas
4.3.8 Laser Gas Analyzer Open Path Detection
4.4 FACTORS TO CONSIDER WHEN CHOOSING A SENSOR
4.4.1 Target GasNapor
4.4.2 Interfering GasesNapors
4.4.3 Expected GasNapor Concentration Range
4.4.4 Fixed vs. Portable Detectors
4.4.5 Personal Detection Equipment
4.4.6 Point or Open Path Detection
4.5 SENSOR PERFORMANCE VARIABLES
4.5.1 Response Speed
4.5.2 Measurement Rangdoperating Range
4.5.3 Sensitivity
4.5.4 Oxygen Requirements
4.5.5 Interference
4.6 REFERENCES:
4.7 GLOSSARY:
Approaches to Detector Placement and Configuration
5.1 GENERAL GUIDANCE FOR DETECTOR PLACEMENT AND CONFIGURATION
5.2 GENERAL GUIDANCE FOR TOXIC GAS DETECTION
5.3 GENERAL GUIDANCE FOR FLAMMABLE DETECTION
5.4 DETECTOR PLACEMENT FOR SOURCE MONITORING
5.5 DETECTOR PLACEMENT FOR VOLUMETRIC MONITORING
5.5.1 Applying the Volumetric Approach in Enclosed Buildings
5.5.2.1 Semi-Enclosed Volumes
5.5.2.2 Open Volumes
5.6 DETECTOR PLACEMENT FOR ENCLOSURE MONITORING
5.6.1 Monitoring Enclosures for Toxics
5.6.2 Monitoring Enclosures for Flammables
5.6.2.1 Enclosures Containing Release Sources
5.6.3 Enclosures Exposed to External Release Sources Only
P. 1
Continuous Monitoring for Hazardous Material Releases

Continuous Monitoring for Hazardous Material Releases

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Published by Wiley
Whether occurring accidentally or through acts of terrorism, catastrophic chemical releases must be identified early in order to mitigate their consequences. Continuous sensor monitoring can detect catastrophic chemical releases early enough to curb extreme amounts of damage. In several notable instances, such monitors have not been used appropriately, or have fallen short of what they should have been capable of delivering. This book provides the technical background and guidance needed to get the most from this emerging technique and details the essentials of preparing any workplace from falling victim to a gas-leak catastrophe.
Whether occurring accidentally or through acts of terrorism, catastrophic chemical releases must be identified early in order to mitigate their consequences. Continuous sensor monitoring can detect catastrophic chemical releases early enough to curb extreme amounts of damage. In several notable instances, such monitors have not been used appropriately, or have fallen short of what they should have been capable of delivering. This book provides the technical background and guidance needed to get the most from this emerging technique and details the essentials of preparing any workplace from falling victim to a gas-leak catastrophe.

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Publish date: Aug 13, 2010
Added to Scribd: Jun 05, 2013
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9780470925140
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