Then again beyond money, what is also needed a strong rural institutionalframework,which we lack. The Instituto Geográfico Agustin Codazzi (IGAC) today isa disaster, according tothose who know this institute. The Office of Registrationand Public Instruments, the notaries and Incoder, three other key actors for thisagreement to become a reality, wereinfiltrated for years precisely because bythose who stole the land. And while in the past few years a debugging has beencarried out, at the regional level,the paras still have their people in key locationsand look fortricksto avoid that these lands go back to thefarmers’ hands.
The head of the Government negotiating team, Humbertode la Calle, said that the agreement willallow radically transforming the state of the Colombian countryside.
In order to resolve conflicts arising from this formalization of lands, the agreementbetween FARC and Government also provides for a new agrarian jurisdiction.Already thelaw of victims createdjudges for the restitution of the land,but thisagreement would passthe solution of all conflicts that have arisen around the landissue-which are now in the hands of civilian judges –tojudges specialized inagricultural issues.This agreement, which seems rather bureaucratic, if done rightcan have hugeeffects deactivating oneof the main sources of power of the illegal armed groups,and in particular, of the guerrillas.As the Farc have threatened to the judges of many rural areas, and the State neverhas never put a foot in these places, in practice one of the key social functions thatthe guerrillas has playedis to be the de facto judge of conflicts between peasantfarmers. And in many cases, these conflicts arise around the land issue: how far theland covers, the cows, which are crossing from one side to another; andobligations.The justice meted out by the FARC is arbitrary because it depends on the humorand the dexterity of the guerrilla-judge and not on objective and foreseeable rules.But, it is always effective. In this way of dispensing justice, is that the guerrillasendgaining some social legitimacy in their areas.If theagricultural judgeswork, it would shut down this route of entry ofthe illegalarmedin rural life. But, again, to create this new jurisdiction constitutes a greatchallenge as it has become evident with the judges of land restitution.