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An Investigation of the Existence of Closed Timelike Curves and the Feasibility of Time Travel

An Investigation of the Existence of Closed Timelike Curves and the Feasibility of Time Travel

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Published by Ng Xin Zhao
The research on time travel is important to understand the true nature of time and
causality. In this report,the topic of closed timelike curves and the chronology protection
conjecture are reviewed. The basic concepts of General Relativity are used to analyse
two solutions of the Einstein Field Equations, which are G¨odel universe and van Stockum
solution because they contain closed timelike curves. The analysis on G¨odel universe
includes the derivation of the G¨odel metric, the analysis of null geodesics and closed
timelike curves. Geodesic in G¨odel solution is derived using Chandrasekhar’s method,
interpreted by M. Novello. It is showed that the closed timelike Geodesics does not exist
in G¨odel universe. Then using limited concepts of quantum physics, the Chronology
Protection Conjecture by Stephen Hawking is introduced. The weak energy condition is
used to exclude time travel in finite regions of spacetime. A response of anti-chronology
protection conjecture by Li Xin Li et. al. is presented using arguments of quantum
cosmology. Currently the feasibility of time travel is an open question. It is suggested
that a model of time travelling be constructed in G¨odel universe to further explore the
properties of time travel.
The research on time travel is important to understand the true nature of time and
causality. In this report,the topic of closed timelike curves and the chronology protection
conjecture are reviewed. The basic concepts of General Relativity are used to analyse
two solutions of the Einstein Field Equations, which are G¨odel universe and van Stockum
solution because they contain closed timelike curves. The analysis on G¨odel universe
includes the derivation of the G¨odel metric, the analysis of null geodesics and closed
timelike curves. Geodesic in G¨odel solution is derived using Chandrasekhar’s method,
interpreted by M. Novello. It is showed that the closed timelike Geodesics does not exist
in G¨odel universe. Then using limited concepts of quantum physics, the Chronology
Protection Conjecture by Stephen Hawking is introduced. The weak energy condition is
used to exclude time travel in finite regions of spacetime. A response of anti-chronology
protection conjecture by Li Xin Li et. al. is presented using arguments of quantum
cosmology. Currently the feasibility of time travel is an open question. It is suggested
that a model of time travelling be constructed in G¨odel universe to further explore the
properties of time travel.

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Categories:Types, Research, Science
Published by: Ng Xin Zhao on Apr 24, 2009
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02/27/2013

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An Investigation of the Existence of Closed Timelike Curvesand the Feasibility of Time Travel
Han WeidingJani Hariom KiritNg Xin ZhaoStudent Mentor: Lim Yen KhengJunior Mentor: Tran Chieu MinhApril 24, 2009
 
Abstract
The research on time travel is important to understand the true nature of time andcausality. In this report,the topic of closed timelike curves and the chronology protectionconjecture are reviewed. The basic concepts of General Relativity are used to analysetwo solutions of the Einstein Field Equations, which are G¨odel universe and van Stockumsolution because they contain closed timelike curves. The analysis on odel universeincludes the derivation of the G¨odel metric, the analysis of null geodesics and closedtimelike curves. Geodesic in odel solution is derived using Chandrasekhar’s method,interpreted by M. Novello. It is showed that the closed timelike Geodesics does not existin G¨odel universe. Then using limited concepts of quantum physics, the ChronologyProtection Conjecture by Stephen Hawking is introduced. The weak energy condition isused to exclude time travel in finite regions of spacetime. A response of anti-chronologyprotection conjecture by Li Xin Li et. al. is presented using arguments of quantumcosmology. Currently the feasibility of time travel is an open question. It is suggestedthat a model of time travelling be constructed in G¨odel universe to further explore theproperties of time travel.
 
Contents
1 Introduction 32 Introduction to General Relativity 5
2.1 Einsteins Field Equations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
3 odel Universe 7
3.1 The Line Element . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73.2 Physical Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83.3 Null Geodesics - The Path of Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113.4 Closed Timelike Curves and Time Travel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133.4.1 Chandrasekhars method . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163.4.2 M. Novellos Interpretation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183.4.3 Closed Timelike Geodesics - Chandrasekhar’s method . . . . . . . . 20
4 The van Stockum Solution 215 The Problem of Chronology Protection 24
5.1 Chronology Protection Conjecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245.1.1 Hawking’s Chronology Protection Conjecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245.1.2 Matt Visser’s “The Quantum Physics of Chronology Protection. . 255.2 Li Xin Li’s Anti-Chronology Protection Conjecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
6 Discussion and Conclusion 29
6.1 Discussion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296.2 Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
A Introductory General Relativity 33
A.1 Tensors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33A.2 Einsteins Equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341

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