The vine grows most successfully between the latitude 30-50° north and 30-50° southof the equator. Some of the greatest wine, like champagne come from the extremitiesof these wine belts where because of the extreme cold or extreme heat, the wine has apermanent struggle to service. The vine usually produces good quality grapes when itis five year old and will continue to yield healthy grapes up to the age of 35 years.
Wine is probably the earlier of the alcoholic beverages, simple because it could bemade without the maker has to understand the chemical change that turned the sugar ingrapes, other fruits and other product into alcohol. Some of these earlier, wines weremade from Honey and were known as mead. Indeed wine may have been brewed inMesopotamia. It has been made as long as ten thousand years ago.Wine is mentioned in documents three thousand year old as well as in the Bible and inthe literature of the Greeks and Roman Bees has been Kurun as long as wine. Winemaking goes as for back into history as the act of cooking food goes. Ever since thetime man started enjoying his food, he has known the art of making wine to go with it.The metamorphosis wine underwent from the stages where the juice of fruit simply leftfor a long time and allowed to ferment to the refined wine as we know it, today it tooka very long time. The efforts put in by the various vineyard and the wine makers inperfecting the act of making good wine and in keeping the formula and the process asecret have contributed to giving as the wine as we know it today. In countries likeFrance, the formula and the process, individually to every grower is a very jealouslyguarded secret that is passed down the generation only through members of the family. The top ten wine producing countries are:1. Italy2. France3. Spain4. U.S.A.5. C.I.S.6. Argentina7. Germany8. Portugal9. South Africa10. Romania