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Experimental Psychology 1 (review questions for final)

Experimental Psychology 1 (review questions for final)

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Published by Pooyan B.
Tests for Experimental Psychology - Classical and Operant Conditioning
Tests for Experimental Psychology - Classical and Operant Conditioning

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Published by: Pooyan B. on Jun 05, 2013
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05/28/2014

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Chapter
 
5
 
OC
 
(operant
 
conditioning)
 
quiz
 
practiceName___________________________________Period________Date_________
MULTIPLE
 
CHOICE.
 
Choose
 
the
 
one
 
alternative
 
that
 
best
 
completes
 
the
 
statement
 
or
 
answers
 
the
 
question.
1) Thorndike
 
was
 
known
 
for
 
his
 
work 
 
with
 
________.A) monkeys B) a
 
Skinner
 
 box C) modeling D) a
 
puzzle
 
 box1)2) Each
 
of 
 
the
 
following
 
is
 
true
 
of 
 
 biofeedback 
 
EXCEPT
 
________.A) it
 
does
 
not
 
work 
 
for
 
everyoneB) it
 
has
 
 become
 
a
 
well
-
established
 
treatment
 
for
 
a
 
variety
 
of 
 
medical
 
problemsC) learning
 
 biofeedback 
 
techniques
 
is
 
quick,
 
simple,
 
and
 
easyD) it
 
can
 
 be
 
used
 
to
 
help
 
people
 
control
 
their
 
 brain
 
waves2)3) Which
 
of 
 
the
 
following
 
statements
 
is
 
true?A) Punishment
 
should
 
 be
 
applied
 
intermittently.B) Punishment
 
usually
 
enhances
 
the
 
learning
 
process.C) Punishment
 
does
 
not
 
always
 
work.D) The
 
effectiveness
 
of 
 
punishment
 
depends
 
solely
 
on
 
its
 
force.3)4) The
 
person
 
most
 
closely
 
associated
 
with
 
research
 
on
 
learned
 
helplessness
 
is
 
________.A) Thorndike B) Bandura C) Wolpe D) Seligman4)5) Failure
 
to
 
take
 
steps
 
to
 
avoid
 
or
 
escape
 
from
 
an
 
unpleasant
 
or
 
aversive
 
stimulus
 
that
 
occurs
 
as
 
aresult
 
of 
 
previous
 
exposure
 
to
 
unavoidable
 
painful
 
stimuli
 
is
 
called
 
________.A) aversive
 
conditioning B) vicarious
 
learningC) avoidance
 
learning D) learned
 
helplessness5)6) Which
 
of 
 
the
 
following
 
statements
 
about
 
punishment
 
is
 
NOT
 
true?A) Punishment
 
does
 
not
 
always
 
work.B) Effective
 
punishment
 
is
 
consistent
 
punishment.C) Effective
 
punishment
 
is
 
swift
 
punishment.D) The
 
effectiveness
 
of 
 
punishment
 
depends
 
primarily
 
on
 
its
 
force.6)7) Punishment
 
is
 
particularly
 
useful
 
in
 
situations
 
in
 
which
 
a
 
 behavior
 
is
 
________
 
and
 
must
 
 bechanged
 
________.A) dangerous;
 
quickly B) harmless;
 
quicklyC) harmless;
 
gradually D) dangerous;
 
gradually7)8) Any
 
event
 
whose
 
presence
 
decreases
 
the
 
likelihood
 
that
 
ongoing
 
 behavior
 
will
 
recur
 
is________.A) an
 
aversive
 
stimulus B) negative
 
reinforcementC) punishment D) a
 
secondary
 
reinforcer8)10/28/2011
 
1
Walker_Maryann Friday, October 28, 2011 2:31:18 PM ET
 
9) Each
 
of 
 
the
 
following
 
makes
 
punishment
 
more
 
effective
 
EXCEPT
 
when
 
it
 
is
 
________.A) consistent B) arbitrary C) swift D) sufcient9)10) When
 
someone
 
uses
 
punishment
 
to
 
change
 
a
 
 behavior,
 
the
 
probability
 
of 
 
the
 
 behavior
 
occurringis
 
likely
 
to
 
________.A) increase B) decreaseC) generalize D) remain
 
the
 
same10)11) Which
 
of 
 
the
 
following
 
statements
 
is
 
true?A) Positive
 
reinforcement
 
and
 
negative
 
reinforcement
 
serve
 
to
 
increase
 
the
 
occurrence
 
of 
 
agiven
 
 behavior
 
whereas
 
punishment
 
serves
 
to
 
decrease
 
its
 
occurrence.B) Positive
 
reinforcement
 
serves
 
to
 
increase
 
the
 
occurrence
 
of 
 
a
 
given
 
 behavior
 
whereasnegative
 
reinforcement
 
and
 
punishment
 
serve
 
to
 
decrease
 
its
 
occurrence.C) Positive
 
reinforcement,
 
negative
 
reinforcement,
 
and
 
punishment
 
all
 
serve
 
to
 
increase
 
theoccurrence
 
of 
 
a
 
given
 
 behavior.D) Positive
 
reinforcement,
 
negative
 
reinforcement,
 
and
 
punishment
 
all
 
serve
 
to
 
decrease
 
theoccurrence
 
of 
 
a
 
given
 
 behavior.11)12) The
 
 basic
 
difference
 
 between
 
punishment
 
and
 
reinforcement
 
 boils
 
down
 
to
 
a
 
difference
 
 between________.A) conditioned
 
and
 
unconditioned
 
stimuliB) presenting
 
and
 
removing
 
stimuliC) decreasing
 
and
 
increasing
 
response
 
ratesD) stimuli
 
and
 
responses12)13) ________
 
reinforcers
 
result
 
in
 
the
 
learning
 
of 
 
new
 
 behaviors
 
or
 
the
 
strengthening
 
of 
 
existingones.A) Negative,
 
 but
 
not
 
positive B) Neither
 
positive
 
nor
 
negativeC) Positive
 
and
 
negative D) Positive,
 
 but
 
not
 
negative13)14) Which
 
of 
 
the
 
following
 
would
 
probably
 
 be
 
the
 
most
 
productive
 
method
 
to
 
follow
 
in
 
order
 
toteach
 
a
 
monkey
 
a
 
very
 
complicated
 
or
 
difficult
 
 behavior
 
pattern?A) Wait
 
for
 
the
 
 behavior
 
to
 
occur
 
and
 
then
 
provide
 
a
 
large
 
reward.B) Use
 
discrimination
 
training.C) Use
 
higher
-
order
 
conditioning.D) Reward
 
simple
 
 behaviors
 
that
 
approximate
 
the
 
desired
 
 behavior,
 
then
 
require
 
closer
 
andcloser
 
approximation
 
for
 
further
 
reward.14)15) A
 
 box
 
used
 
in
 
operant
 
conditioning
 
of 
 
animals,
 
which
 
limits
 
the
 
available
 
responses
 
and
 
thusincreases
 
the
 
likelihood
 
that
 
the
 
desired
 
response
 
will
 
occur,
 
is
 
called
 
a
 
________
 
 box.A) response B) Watson C) trial D) Skinner15)16) There
 
are
 
________
 
kinds
 
of 
 
reinforcers.A) ve B) two C) four D) three16)2
Walker_Maryann Friday, October 28, 2011 2:31:18 PM ET
 
17) Operant
 
conditioning
 
operates
 
on
 
the
 
principle
 
that
 
 behaviors
 
occur
 
more
 
often
 
when
 
they
 
are________.A) ignored B) punished C) reinforced D) modeled17)18) Instrumental
 
conditioning
 
is
 
another
 
term
 
for
 
________.A) classical
 
conditioning B) vicarious
 
learningC) operant
 
conditioning D) cognitive
 
restructuring18)19) According
 
to
 
the
 
law
 
of 
 
effect,
 
a
 
 behavior
 
is
 
MOST
 
likely
 
to
 
 be
 
repeated
 
when
 
it
 
is
 
________.A) followed
 
 by
 
reinforcement B) paired
 
with
 
a
 
neutral
 
stimulusC) ignored D) preceded
 
 by
 
reinforcement19)20) Kevin
 
is
 
a
 
good
 
student.
 
He
 
studies
 
hard
 
 because
 
when
 
he
 
does
 
he
 
gets
 
the
 
teacher's
 
approval.His
 
studying
 
 behavior
 
was
 
probably
 
learned
 
through
 
________.A) operant
 
conditioning B) trial
 
and
 
errorC) generalization D) classical
 
conditioning20)21) Which
 
of 
 
the
 
following
 
is
 
NOT
 
an
 
example
 
of 
 
operantly
 
learned
 
 behavior?A) a
 
dog
 
 blinking
 
its
 
eyes
 
after
 
a
 
flash
 
of 
 
light
 
is
 
presentedB) a
 
rat
 
pressing
 
a
 
 bar
 
after
 
avoiding
 
a
 
shock 
 
for
 
this
 
 behaviorC) a
 
child
 
doing
 
her
 
homework 
 
after
 
she
 
receives
 
her
 
teacher's
 
approval
 
for
 
her
 
 behaviorD) a
 
rat
 
pressing
 
a
 
 bar
 
after
 
receiving
 
food
 
for
 
this
 
 behavior21)22) An
 
operant
 
conditioning
 
technique
 
in
 
which
 
a
 
learner
 
gains
 
control
 
over
 
some
 
 biologicalresponse
 
is
 
________.A) social
 
learning B) biofeedbacC) preparedness D) contingency
 
training22)23) College
 
students
 
faced
 
with
 
unsolvable
 
problems
 
eventually
 
give
 
up
 
and
 
make
 
only
 
half 
 
heartedattempts
 
to
 
solve
 
new
 
problems,
 
even
 
when
 
the
 
new
 
problems
 
can
 
 be
 
solved
 
easily.
 
This behavior
 
is
 
probably
 
due
 
to
 
________.A) contingency
 
 blocking
 
B) latent
 
learningC) response
 
generalization D) learned
 
helplessness23)24) Each
 
of 
 
the
 
following
 
is
 
true
 
of 
 
learned
 
helplessness
 
EXCEPT
 
________.A) once
 
established
 
it
 
generalizes
 
to
 
new
 
situationsB) it
 
decreases
 
motivation
 
to
 
try
 
different
 
responses
 
that
 
might
 
 bring
 
relief 
 
from
 
anunpleasant
 
situationC) success
 
in
 
solving
 
new
 
problems
 
is
 
quite
 
effective
 
in
 
eliminating
 
itD) it
 
can
 
 be
 
found
 
in
 
 both
 
people
 
and
 
animals24)25) Superstitious
 
 behaviors
 
are
 
MOST
 
commonly
 
learned
 
through
 
________.A) vicarious
 
learning B) operant
 
conditioningC) subliminal
 
learning D) classical
 
conditioning25)3
Walker_Maryann Friday, October 28, 2011 2:31:18 PM ET

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