TWN Bonn Update No. 3
5 June 2013
not a hindrance and similar message need to besent to the ICAO as well.
Alliance of Small Island States(AOSIS),
referred to the breaching of the 400ppm of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere,reminding Parties that those countries most inperil and which face the prospect of extinctionare the small island States. At this rate, the targetset in Cancun of limiting global warming to 2°Cabove pre-industrial levels is becoming moredifficult, much less the target demanded by AOSIS of limiting warming to as far below 1.5°Cas possible. Therefore, when we address theissue of the 2013 to 2015 review, the adequacy of the long-term global goal should be the focus of discussions. The review must be based on thebest, the latest and the most relevant science.It wanted the review to also consider the impactsof a business as usual scenario, a 4 degree Cscenario, a 2 degree C scenario and the 1.5degree C scenario on the most vulnerablecountries. It wanted consideration of what needsto be done to change the trend in emissions toreduce concentrations of greenhouse gases to350 ppm.On the work programme on clarification of theQERTs of developed countries and the workshop organized by the Secretariat, thedeliberations under this agenda item cancontribute significantly with respect to assessing how Annex I Parties are meeting theirobligations to reduce their emissions both underthe Convention and under the Kyoto Protocol. This can then be used to ascertain what needs tobe done and by whom to meet the 1.5 degreetarget. In this regard, it noted the IPCC 4
Assessment Report calling for Annex I Parties toreduce their emissions by 25% to 40% below 1990 levels, in order to keep within the 450ppmscenario; however, according to the UNFCCCtechnical paper done last year, current Annex IParty targets only point to 12%-18% emissionsreductions. It called for the work programme tohelp build the political momentum for theadoption of more ambitious targets by developedcountries. A failure by developed countries toshow leadership to close the pre-2020 mitigationambition gap will have profound implications forthe scale and nature of obligations under the2015 agreement.
called onParties not to hide behind science solely but tostick to the principles of the Convention withregards to historical responsibility. Parties needto intensify actions and they can only adapt if they are working together and that scientificinput must be sourced from scientists from allover the world and not favour a select few. Italso noted that there can be no technology transfer if it is not linked to the funding mechanism, as currently there are no guidelineson funding for technology transfer, particularly in the Green Climate Fund.Speaking for the
Least Developed Countries(LDC), Nepal
said the group is gravely concerned about the current climate changecrisis we are facing. Recently, the atmosphericresearch lab on Mauna Loa, Hawaii identified the very disturbing fact that carbon dioxideconcentrations in the atmosphere have now reached 400ppm and called for urgent action.On the Nairobi Work Programme (onadaptation), it believed that work should begin tofocus on creating outcomes that deliver actionson the ground and in different ecosystems. Therefore, it believed that some elements of theprogramme could best be addressed under theSubsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI). It wanted joint work between SBSTA and SBI inthis regard.On the Technology Mechanism, Nepal wassatisfied with the progress made by the Advisory Board of the Climate Technology Centre andNetwork (CTCN). It hoped that modalities andprocedures of the CTCN can be adopted without further delay. It also wanted finalisationof the institutional arrangement between the Technology Executive Committee (TEC) andthe CTCN so that work can progress in acoordinated manner.On agriculture, it noted that this is acontroversial topic. Some of these issues arebeyond the mandate of SBSTA. It believed thatSBSTA should develop work on identifying means of addressing the impacts of climatechange on agriculture. For most LDCs,agriculture is a mainstay of our economies andcontributes significantly to food security andpoverty reduction.On methodological issues under the Conventionand the Kyoto Protocol, Nepal believed that thebiennial reports, national communication andnational inventories by developed country Partiesmust ensure transparency, accuracy and verifiability. On the 2013-15 review, the LDCs