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Managing Gis 2 (1)

Managing Gis 2 (1)

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Published by Stoian Goranov

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Published by: Stoian Goranov on Jun 06, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Managing GIS 2
November 2012
Managing GIS 2November 2012
3What Is GIS?
Making decisions based on geography is basic to human thinking.Where shall we go, what will it be like, and what shall we do whenwe get there are applied to the simple event o going to the storeor to the major event o launching a bathysphere into the ocean'sdepths. By understanding geography and people's relationshipto location, we can make inormed decisions about the way welive on our planet. A geographic inormation system (GIS) is atechnological tool or comprehending geography and makingintelligent decisions.GIS organizes geographic data so that a person reading amap can select data necessary or a specic project or task. Athematic map has a table o contents that allows the reader toadd layers o inormation to a basemap o real-world locations.For example, a social analyst might use the basemap o Eugene,Oregon, and select datasets rom the US Census Bureau to adddata layers to a map that shows residents' education levels, ages,and employment status. With an ability to combine a variety o datasets in an innite number o ways, GIS is a useul tool or nearly every eld o knowledge rom archaeology to zoology.A good GIS program is able to process geographic data roma variety o sources and integrate it into a map project. Manycountries have an abundance o geographic data or analysis, andgovernments oten make GIS datasets publicly available. Maple databases oten come included with GIS packages; otherscan be obtained rom both commercial vendors and governmentagencies. Some data is gathered in the eld by global positioningunits that attach a location coordinate (latitude and longitude) toa eature such as a pump station.GIS maps are interactive. On the computer screen, map users canscan a GIS map in any direction, zoom in or out, and change thenature o the inormation contained in the map. They can choosewhether to see the roads, how many roads to see, and how roadsshould be depicted. Then they can select what other items theywish to view alongside these roads such as storm drains, gaslines, rare plants, or hospitals. Some GIS programs are designedto perorm sophisticated calculations or tracking storms or predicting erosion patterns. GIS applications can be embeddedinto common activities such as veriying an address.From routinely perorming work-related tasks to scienticallyexploring the complexities o our world, GIS gives people thegeographic advantage to become more productive, more aware,and more responsive citizens o planet Earth.
What Is GIS?

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