Turkish society has reached astage where the expectations of those on the streets are hard tomeet with old paradigms.
Actg wth the developmetal modert paradgm o ceter-rght poltcal parte, the AKP ha prded tel obeg the ege o ecoomc ad ocal progre. It haoe hghlghted t ccee growth, mave rbadevelopmet project, or major ratrctre projectworth te o bllo o dollar, ome o whch were jtaoced o the eve o the protet. Te ocal mobl-zato accompayg the trctral traormato rkh ocety yet to be addreed ad tralated torkh poltcal ttto. Nether the oppoto parteor the AKP have developed poltcal program that wllreoate wth the ded demad o a ew geerato,epecally the rba yoth ad yog proeoal. Tere-ore, may aalyt have rghtly terpreted the demotra-to a the alre o ormal poltc.For t part, a the goverg party, the AKP wll have toaddre th e, bt there rema gcat barrer tot reachg ot to thee grop. Frtly, there the e o geeratoal gap ad the compoto o the party’ leader-hp cadre. I cceve electo, the AKP ha progre-vely maaged to appeal to hal o the rkh poplatobt t leaderhp tll ormed by the core grop. I htal reacto to the demotrator, Erdoğa repeated thelt o may ecoomc reorm o the pat decade, bt whathe overlooked wa that rkh ocety ha reached a tagewhere the expectato o thoe o the treet are hard tomeet wth old paradgm.Te party leaderhp cerely beleve that t ha beealo the major orce or poltcal moderzato, whch,to a large extet, ha bee the cae, a wa reected tattempt to addre the detty demad o the Krd adAlevte or expad reedom or morte. However, thecore leaderhp, whch came o age the 1970 ad 1980deologcal evromet, tll vew poltc rom wththe ceter-perphery cleavage. Ter reorm amed toredeg poltcal ttto order to elmate barrerto poplar wll, a had bee exerted by the Kemalt tt-to o power. Bt, today, the ma challege to devolvepoltcal power to lower level ad trodce deretmecham or partcpatory democracy. It tre thatdeg the de demad o ew ocal grop ottraghtorward, a they are hard to pecy. Noethele, t wat to bld the rkey o tre, the AKP hold movebeyod ghtg the battle o the pat ad develop ova-tve approache that appeal to the ew geerato.Secodly, the AKP’ dertadg o rkh detty may ot oer the bet gle to provde a ew ocal cotract orew dverty ad plralm ad addre the growg do-ace betwee deret egmet o the ocety. Drgthe AKP Cogre late 2012, Erdoğa oght to oer agrad vo o a ato ted arod a hared dety,bt t hghly lkely that th ceter-rght platorm aloewll help to te the rkh ocety arod a gle deal,a the “ato” mch more dvere tha that rhetorcgget, ad the ocetal derece have bee poltczedto a large extet. For tace, or large grop o rkhpeople, ther letyle have bee eqated wth ther poltcaldetty. Te AKP eed to develop a alteratve lagageo poltc, oe that more clve, tolerat towarddet, ad avod leglatg moralty.
Dominant Party System: Travails of Adjustment
Lookg at the AKP’ cceve electoral vctore adthe lkely propect that t wll w pcomg poll, omepoltcal cett have arged that rkey ha etered toa age o a domat party ytem aer the 2011 electo.Te AKP ha yet to adjt ad develop reh thkg. It hada wg trategy o captalzg o the bary-polarza-to, whch are prodct o the ceter-perphery (or rght-le) cleavage, ad whch alo otered a cltre o electoraldemocracy. Back 2008, the cotext o the clore caeagat the AKP, whch wa beg revewed by the Cot-ttoal Cort, may arged that oce t rvved thatchallege, the AKP wold better cooldate democracy by movg the cotry beyod majortara dertadgtoward lberal democracy. “Agreeg to lmt ot oly thetate power bt alo the govermetal power ad to expadreedom or all, the AKP cold bet allevate the ear thatt maplatg t electoral ccee to tall a major-