Q. 2) In your own words, summarize the postmodern perspective on adult learning. Also,explain whether or not you agree with this theory and why.
Postmodern perspective views that knowledge is contextual and there is no universalrule of acquiring knowledge. Postmodernism helps the adults to question the existing formsof learning theories and knowledge. Postmodern theorists, as Kilgore (2001) mentions, “viewknowledge as tentative, multifaceted, and not necessarily rationally connected to anymotivation or interest.” (59) To put in other words, postmodernists believes that there is noabsolute truth. There is no single meaning as final meaning, and no single interpretation asfinal interpretation. Rather, they view as many meanings as ways of understanding the thing,as interpretations as many ways of perceiving the context. There is nothing wrong or right butall as possible ways of getting into the world of learning.Postmodernists (Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Ferdinand de Saussure, Jean-François Lyotard, Richard Rotary, Levis Strauss, etc) have helped adult learners that reality ismore complex and that is formed of our needs and interests. Knowledge has become a product of human interaction with nature, culture and universe. Postmodernism has givenadults a very different perspective to look at existing facts and values in their universe.Further, postmodernism has been a new weapon to challenge, to view, and to deny or toaccept continuity and commonality of the world. Derrida came with ‘Deconstruction’—a toolof perceiving everything through binary oppositions such as black vs. white, birth vs. death,competence vs. performance. Foucault discussed the power hegemony to dissect the existingdiscourse of politics and social formation. Saussure brought a new way of understandinghuman language and communication in terms of signifier and signified whereas Strauss dealtwith fundamental aspects of social structure and post structure anthropologically. Richard