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Table Of Contents

2.2.1.5 Weibull
2.2.1.6 Beckmann
2.2.2 Log-Normal Shadowing
2.2.3 Composite Multipath/Shadowing
2.2.3.2 Suzuki Distribution
2.2.3.3 K Distribution
2.2.3.4 Rician Shadowed Distributions
2.3 MODELING OF FREQUENCY-SELECTIVE FADING CHANNELS
REFERENCES
3.1 IDEAL COHERENT DETECTION
3.1.3 M-ary Phase-Shift-Keying (M-PSK)
3.1.4.1 π/4-QPSK
3.1.6 M-ary Frequency-Shift-Keying (M-FSK)
3.1.7 Minimum-Shift-Keying (MSK)
3.2 NONIDEAL COHERENT DETECTION
3.3 NONCOHERENT DETECTION
3.4 PARTIALLY COHERENT DETECTION
3.4.1 Conventional Detection
3.4.1.1 One-Symbol Observation
3.4.1.2 Multiple-Symbol Observation
3.4.2 Differentially Coherent Detection
3.4.2.3 Multiple-Symbol Detection
3.4.3 π/4-Differential QPSK (π/4-DQPSK)
4.1 GAUSSIAN Q-FUNCTION
4.1.1 One-Dimensional Case
4.1.2 Two-Dimensional Case
4.2 MARCUM Q-FUNCTION
4.2.1 First-Order Marcum Q-Function
4.2.1.1 Upper and Lower Bounds
4.2.2.1 Upper and Lower Bounds
4.3 THE NUTTALL Q-FUNCTION
4.4 OTHER FUNCTIONS
APPENDIX 4A. DERIVATION OF EQ. (4.2)
5.1 INTEGRALS INVOLVING THE GAUSSIAN Q-FUNCTION
5.1.1 Rayleigh Fading Channel
5.1.2 Nakagami-q (Hoyt) Fading Channel
5.1.3 Nakagami-n (Rice) Fading Channel
5.1.4 Nakagami-m Fading Channel
5.1.5 Log-Normal Shadowing Channel
5.2 INTEGRALS INVOLVING THE MARCUM Q-FUNCTION
5.2.1 Rayleigh Fading Channel
5.2.2 Nakagami-q (Hoyt) Fading Channel
5.2.3 Nakagami-n (Rice) Fading Channel
5.2.4 Nakagami-m Fading Channel
5.2.5 Log-Normal Shadowing Channel
5.2.7 Some Alternative Closed-Form Expressions
5.3 INTEGRALS INVOLVING THE INCOMPLETE GAMMA FUNCTION
5.3.1 Rayleigh Fading Channel
5.3.2 Nakagami-q (Hoyt) Fading Channel
5.3.3 Nakagami-n (Rice) Fading Channel
5.3.4 Nakagami-m Fading Channel
5.3.5 Log-Normal Shadowing Channel
5.4 INTEGRALS INVOLVING OTHER FUNCTIONS
5.4.1 The M-PSK Error Probability Integral
5.4.1.1 Rayleigh Fading Channel
5.4.1.2 Nakagami-m Fading Channel
5.4.3.1 Rayleigh Fading Channel
5.4.3.2 Nakagami-m Fading Channel
5.4.4.1 Rayleigh Fading Channel
5A.1 Exact Closed-Form Results
5A.2 Upper and Lower Bounds
6.1 BIVARIATE RAYLEIGH PDF AND CDF
7.4.1.2 Nakagami-m Fading
7.4.2.1 Rayleigh Fading
7.4.2.2 Nakagami-m Fading
7.4.3.1 Rayleigh Fading
7.4.3.2 Nakagami-m Fading
7.5.1.1 Rayleigh Fading
7.5.1.2 Nakagami-m Fading
8.1 PERFORMANCE OVER THE AWGN CHANNEL
8.1.1 Ideal Coherent Detection
8.1.1.7 Minimum-Shift-Keying (MSK)
8.1.2 Nonideal Coherent Detection
8.1.3 Noncoherent Detection
8.1.4 Partially Coherent Detection
8.1.4.2 Multiple-Symbol Detection
8.1.5 Differentially Coherent Detection
8.1.6 Generic Results for Binary Signaling
8.2 PERFORMANCE OVER FADING CHANNELS
8.2.1 Ideal Coherent Detection
8.2.1.7 Minimum-Shift-Keying (MSK)
8.2.2 Nonideal Coherent Detection
8.2.3 Noncoherent Detection
8.2.4 Partially Coherent Detection
8.2.5 Differentially Coherent Detection
8.2.6.2 Special Cases
9.1 DIVERSITY COMBINING
9.1.1 Diversity Concept
9.1.2 Mathematical Modeling
9.1.3.1 Pure Combining Techniques
9.1.3.2 Hybrid Combining Techniques
9.1.4 Complexity–Performance Tradeoffs
9.2 MAXIMAL-RATIO COMBINING (MRC)
9.2.1 Receiver Structure
9.2.2 PDF-Based Approach
9.2.3 MGF-Based Approach
9.2.4 Bounds and Asymptotic SER Expressions
9.3 COHERENT EQUAL GAIN COMBINING
9.3.1 Receiver Structure
9.3.2 Average Output SNR
9.3.3 Exact Error Rate Analysis
9.3.3.1 Binary Signals
9.3.3.2 Extension to M-PSK Signals
9.3.4 Approximate Error Rate Analysis
9.3.5 Asymptotic Error Rate Analysis
9.4.1.1 Receiver Structures
9.4.2 M-ary Orthogonal FSK
9.4.2.2 Numerical Examples
9.4.3.1 Decision Metrics
9.4.3.3 Asymptotic (Large Ns) Behavior
9.4.3.4 Numerical Results
9.6 OUTAGE PROBABILITY PERFORMANCE
9.6.1 MRC and Noncoherent EGC
9.6.2 Coherent EGC
9.6.3 Numerical Examples
9.7 IMPACT OF FADING CORRELATION
9.7.1.1 PDF
9.7.1.2 MGF
9.7.2.1 PDF
9.7.2.2 MGF
9.7.3.1 PDF
9.7.3.2 MGF
9.7.4.1 MGF
9.7.4.2 Special Cases of Interest
9.7.5 Numerical Examples
9.8 SELECTION COMBINING
9.8.1 MGF of Output SNR
9.8.2 Average Output SNR
9.8.3 Outage Probability
9.8.3.1 Analysis
9.8.3.2 Numerical Example
9.8.4 Average Probability of Error
9.8.4.1 BDPSK and Noncoherent BFSK
9.8.4.2 Coherent BPSK and BFSK
9.8.4.3 Numerical Example
9.9 SWITCHED DIVERSITY
9.9.1 Dual-Branch Switch-and-Stay Combining
9.9.2.3 Scan-and-Wait Combining
9.10.1 Maximal-Ratio Combining
9.10.2 Noncoherent EGC over Rician Fast Fading
9.10.3 Selection Combining
9.10.4 Switched Diversity
9.10.4.1 SSC Output Statistics
9.10.4.2 Average SNR
9.10.4.3 Average Probability of Error
9.10.5 Numerical Results
9.11 COMBINING IN DIVERSITY-RICH ENVIRONMENTS
9.11.1 Two-Dimensional Diversity Schemes
9.11.1.1 Performance Analysis
9.11.1.2 Numerical Examples
9.11.2 Generalized Selection Combining
9.11.2.1 I.I.D. Rayleigh Case
9.11.2.2 Non-I.I.D. Rayleigh Case
9.11.2.3 I.I.D. Nakagami-m Case
9.11.2.4 Partial-MGF Approach
9.11.2.5 I.I.D. Weibull Case
9.11.3.2 Outage Probability Performance
9.11.3.3 Performance Comparisons
9.11.4 Generalized Switched Diversity (GSSC)
9.11.4.1 GSSC Output Statistics
9.11.4.2 Average Probability of Error
9.11.5.2 Envelope-Based GSC
9.12 POST-DETECTION COMBINING
9.12.1 System and Channel Models
9.12.1.1 Overall System Description
9.12.1.2 Channel Model
9.12.1.3 Receiver
9.12.2.1 Switching Strategy and Mechanism
9.12.2.2 Switching Threshold
9.12.3 Average BER Analysis
9.12.3.1 Identically Distributed Branches
9.12.3.2 Nonidentically Distributed Branches
9.12.4 Rayleigh Fading
9.12.4.1 Identically Distributed Branches
9.12.5 Impact of the Severity of Fading
9.12.5.1 Average BER
9.12.6 Extension to Orthogonal M-FSK
9.12.6.2 Average Probability of Error
9.12.6.3 Numerical Examples
9.13.1 System and Channel Models
9.14.1.2 GSC Mode of Operation
9.14.2.1 Problem Formulation
9.14.3 I.I.D. Rayleigh Fading
9.14.3.1 Generic Expressions for GSC
9.14.3.2 Special Cases: SC and MRC
9.14.4 Numerical Examples
9.15.1 System, Channel, and Signal Models
9.15.2 Optimum Weight Vectors and Output SNR
9.15.3.5 Numerical Results and Discussion
9B.1 Euler Summation-Based Technique
APPENDIX 9D. PROOF OF THEOREM 9.1
APPENDIX 9E. DIRECT PROOF OF EQ. (9.438)
APPENDIX 9F. SPECIAL DEFINITE INTEGRALS
10.1 OUTAGE PROBABILITY IN INTERFERENCE-LIMITED SYSTEMS
10.1.2 Fading and System Models
10.1.2.1 Channel Fading Models
10.1.3.1 Nakagami/Nakagami Scenario
10.1.3.2 Rice/Rice Scenario
10.1.3.3 Rice/Nakagami Scenario
10.1.3.4 Nakagami/Rice Scenario
10.2.1 Models and Problem Formulation
10.2.1.1 Fading and System Models
10.2.1.2 Outage Probability Definition
10.2.2 Rice/I.I.D. Nakagami Scenario
10.2.2.1 Rice/I.I.D. Rayleigh Scenario
10.2.2.3 Numerical Examples
10.2.3 Nakagami/I.I.D. Rice Scenario
10.2.3.1 Rayleigh/I.I.D. Rice Scenario
10.2.3.3 Numerical Examples
10.3.1 Fading and System Models
10.3.2.1 Selection Combining
10.3.2.2 Switch-and-Stay Combining
10.3.2.3 Numerical Examples
11.1 PERFORMANCE OF DIVERSITY COMBINING RECEIVERS
11.1.1.3 Extension to Other Modulations
11.1.4.1 Average SEP of M-PSK
11.1.4.2 Numerical Results
11.1.5.1 Decision Metric
11.1.5.2 Average BEP
11.2.1 System, Channel, and Signals Models
11.2.2 Optimum Weight Vectors and Output SIR
11.2.3 PDF of Output SIR and Outage Probability
11.2.3.1 PDF of Output SIR
11.2.3.2 Outage Probability
11.2.3.3 Special Case When Lt =1
11.2.4 Key Observations
11.2.4.1 Distribution of Antenna Elements
11.2.5 Numerical Examples
11A.1 General Result
11A.2 Special Case
12.1 SINGLE-CARRIER DS-CDMA SYSTEMS
12.1.1 System and Channel Models
12.1.1.1 Transmitted Signal
12.1.1.2 Channel Model
12.1.1.3 Receiver
12.1.2 Performance Analysis
12.1.2.1 General Case
12.2 MULTICARRIER DS-CDMA SYSTEMS
12.2.1 System and Channel Models
12.2.1.1 Transmitter
12.2.1.2 Channel
12.2.1.3 Receiver
12.2.1.4 Notations
12.2.2 Performance Analysis
12.2.2.1 Conditional SNR
12.2.2.2 Average BER
12.2.3 Numerical Examples
13.1 COHERENT DETECTION
13.1.1 System Model
13.1.2 Evaluation of Pairwise Error Probability
13.1.2.1 Known Channel State Information
13.1.3.1 Known Channel State Information
13.1.3.2 Unknown Channel State Information
13.1.5 An Example
13.2 DIFFERENTIALLY COHERENT DETECTION
13.2.1 System Model
13.2.2 Performance Evaluation
13.2.2.2 Known Channel State Information
13.2.3 An Example
14.1 A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
14.6 SPACE-TIME TRELLIS-CODED MODULATION
14.6.3 An Example
14.6.4.1 Fast-Fading Channel Model
14.6.4.2 Slow-Fading Channel Model
14.6.5.1 Fast-Fading Channel Model
14.6.5.2 Slow-Fading Channel Model
14.7.1 Super-Orthogonal Space-Time Trellis Codes
14.7.1.6 Numerical Results
14.7.2.1 Signal Model
14.7.2.3 Examples
14.7.2.4 Numerical Results
14.8 DISCLAIMER
15.1 CHANNEL AND SYSTEM MODEL
P. 1
Digital Communication over Fading Channels

Digital Communication over Fading Channels

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Published by Wiley
The four short years since Digital Communication over Fading Channels became an instant classic have seen a virtual explosion of significant new work on the subject, both by the authors and by numerous researchers around the world. Foremost among these is a great deal of progress in the area of transmit diversity and space-time coding and the associated multiple input-multiple output (MIMO) channel. This new edition gathers these and other results, previously scattered throughout numerous publications, into a single convenient and informative volume.
Like its predecessor, this Second Edition discusses in detail coherent and noncoherent communication systems as well as a large variety of fading channel models typical of communication links found in the real world. Coverage includes single- and multichannel reception and, in the case of the latter, a large variety of diversity types. The moment generating function (MGF)-based approach for performance analysis, introduced by the authors in the first edition and referred to in literally hundreds of publications, still represents the backbone of the book's presentation. Important features of this new edition include:
* An all-new, comprehensive chapter on transmit diversity, space-time coding, and the MIMO channel, focusing on performance evaluation
* Coverage of new and improved diversity schemes
* Performance analyses of previously known schemes in new and different fading scenarios
* A new chapter on the outage probability of cellular mobile radio systems
* A new chapter on the capacity of fading channels
* And much more
Digital Communication over Fading Channels, Second Edition is an indispensable resource for graduate students, researchers investigating these systems, and practicing engineers responsible for evaluating their performance.
The four short years since Digital Communication over Fading Channels became an instant classic have seen a virtual explosion of significant new work on the subject, both by the authors and by numerous researchers around the world. Foremost among these is a great deal of progress in the area of transmit diversity and space-time coding and the associated multiple input-multiple output (MIMO) channel. This new edition gathers these and other results, previously scattered throughout numerous publications, into a single convenient and informative volume.
Like its predecessor, this Second Edition discusses in detail coherent and noncoherent communication systems as well as a large variety of fading channel models typical of communication links found in the real world. Coverage includes single- and multichannel reception and, in the case of the latter, a large variety of diversity types. The moment generating function (MGF)-based approach for performance analysis, introduced by the authors in the first edition and referred to in literally hundreds of publications, still represents the backbone of the book's presentation. Important features of this new edition include:
* An all-new, comprehensive chapter on transmit diversity, space-time coding, and the MIMO channel, focusing on performance evaluation
* Coverage of new and improved diversity schemes
* Performance analyses of previously known schemes in new and different fading scenarios
* A new chapter on the outage probability of cellular mobile radio systems
* A new chapter on the capacity of fading channels
* And much more
Digital Communication over Fading Channels, Second Edition is an indispensable resource for graduate students, researchers investigating these systems, and practicing engineers responsible for evaluating their performance.

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Publish date: Feb 11, 2005
Added to Scribd: Jun 06, 2013
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reservedISBN:9780471715238
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