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14057_ppr_ch2.pdf

14057_ppr_ch2.pdf

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CHAPTER 2DAMAGE CONTROL ORGANIZATION,COMMUNICATION,AND INFORMATION
LearningObjectives
: Recall the duties andresponsibilities of members of repair parties; identifydamage control communication system; and recallinformation pertaining to damage control diagrams andblueprints.DamagecontrolisvitaltoallshipsintheNavy.Ifaship is damaged in battle or by a fire or storm, thedamage has to be repaired quickly. Every ship must beorganizedtoaccomplishthesecriticaloperations.Thisorganization is accomplished through assigned jobs,training, instructions, use of diagrams, and efficientcommunications. In this chapter, we will discuss thedamage control organization, the various means of communications, and the ship’s diagrams andblueprints.
DAMAGE CONTROL ORGANIZATIONLearningObjective:
Recall the elements of damagecontrol organization and the duties and responsibilitiesof members of repair parties.Organization is the key to successful damagecontrol. The damage control organization establishesstandard procedures for handling various types of damage. It sets up training for these procedures so thateverypersonwillknowimmediatelywhattodoineachemergency situation.Damage control has various vital objectives, bothpreventiveandcorrective.Allpersonnelmustadheretotheseobjectives.Someoftheseactionsareasfollows:1. Maintain the established material conditions of readiness.2. Train all personnel in all aspects of shipboarddamage control.3. Maintain damage control systems andequipment in the best condition possible toensure survivability.The ship’s damage control organization must becoordinated with other elements of the ship’sorganization to achieve these goals. Therefore, eachdepartmentmustassignspecificdamagecontroldutiesto individuals in each division. This includes thedesignation of a divisional damage control pettyofficer (DCPO) and an alternate. The corrective aspectof damage control requires the damage control battleorganization to be able to restore the offensive anddefensive capabilities of the ship promptly.The damage control organization consists of twoelements—the damage control administrativeorganization and the damage control battleorganization.
ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION
The damage control administrative organization ispart of the engineering department organization.However, each department has major administrativeand preventive maintenance responsibilities. Theseresponsibilities include the planned maintenance fordamage control equipment, systems, and fixtureswithin the departmental spaces. Each department headensures that damage control PMS assignments arecompleted and that discrepancies are documented andcorrected.
BATTLE ORGANIZATION
The damage control battle organization includesdamage control central (DCC), various repair parties,and battle dressing stations. The organization variessomewhat from one ship to another. The differencedepends upon the size, type, and mission of the ship.However, basic principles apply to all damage controlbattle organizations. These basic principles are asfollows:1. Ensure that all personnel within theorganization are highly trained in all phases of damagecontrol. They should also be trained in the technicalaspectsoftheirratingstoassistinthecontrolofdamage.2. Decentralize the organization intoself-sufficient units. These units must havecommunication with each other. They must be able totake corrective action to control the various types of damage.3. Have one central station, the DCC, receivereports from all damage control units. The DCC2-1
 
evaluates and initiates those orders necessary forcorrective action from a ship-wide point of view. Thisstation also reports to and receives orders from thebridge (command control). These reports concernmatters that affect the ship’s buoyancy, list, trim,stability, watertight integrity, and chemical, biological,and radiological (CBR) defense measures.4. Ensure that damage control units assign work that is peculiar to a single department are under thedirect supervision of an officer from that department.5. Provide for relief of personnel engaged indifficult tasks, for battle messing, and for the transitionfrom one condition of readiness to another. Developprocedurestoensurethatallreliefcrewsareinformedof the overall situation.6. Provide for positive, accurate, and rapidcommunications between all damage control units. Anoverall coordination of effort and direction can then bereadily accomplished.7. Provideforarepairparty,remotelylocatedfromDCC, to assume the responsibilities of DCC, in theevent that DCC becomes a battle casualty.The battle station for the damage control assistant(DCA) is in DCC. The primary damage control battleorganization units, as shown in figure 2-1, are repairparties or teams. Battle dressing stations should beclose to the repair parties.
Damage Control Central
Personnel assigned to the DCC are under thesupervision of the DCA. These personnel perform thefollowing tasks:2-2
COMMANDCO/OODDAMAGECONTROLCENTRALDCASUPPLYSUPPORTSUPPLYOFFICER
HELO CONTROL
ENGINEERINGCONTROLCHIEF ENGINEERBATTLEMESSINGEMERGENCYISSUE
REPAIR5
FWDDECON
DCf0201
AFTDECONHELOCRASHCREW
COMMANDCOORDINATIONLIAISON
REPAIR2
REPAIR3FWDBATTLEDRESSINGSTATIONAFTBATTLEDRESSINGSTATIONCOMBATSYSTEMCASUALTYCONTROLCICTAOELECTRONICCASUALTYCONTROLTEAMEXPLOSIVEORDINANCEDISPOSALTEAMREPAIR6
KEY:
Figure 2-1. Damage control battle organization.
 
Receive and evaluate information from allrepair parties.
Inform command control of conditions affectingthe material condition of the ship, including buoyancy,list, trim, stability, and watertight integrity.
Initiate orders to repair parties, as necessary, todirect the control of damage.
Keepcommandcontrolinformedofsuchfactorsasprogressincombatingdamage,fire,andflooding;theeffects of CBR attack; and significant personnelcasualties. Evaluate the necessity of flooding themagazines that are endangered by fire and recommendcorrective action to the commanding officer. Orderrepair parties to flood the necessary magazines whenordered by the commanding officer.
Control watertight integrity, flooding,counterflooding, and dewatering.
Post and label charts and diagrams to show thesubdivisions of the ship and its vital piping andelectrical systems.
Post a casualty board in DCC to show thedamagesustainedbytheshipvisuallyandthecorrectiveaction in progress. Ensure a simplified schematic ismaintained on the bridge for visual reference bycommandcontrolonthecasualtydatareportedbyDCC.
Post a stability board to show the liquid loading,thelocationoffloodingboundaries,theeffectoflistandtrim caused by flooded compartments, and thecorrective action taken with regard to stability. A liquidloading and flooding effects diagram is normally usedfor this purpose.
Prepare a list of access routes for ready shelters,deep shelters, electronic casualty control, and battledressing stations.
Prepare graphic displays to show what actionwas taken to correct damage control systems andelectrical systems.
Prepare deck plans to show the areascontaminated by CBR agents; show the locations of,and safe routes to, battle dressing stations anddecontamination stations.
Prepareaclosurelogtoshowthestateofclosureof the ship.
Prepare a contamination prediction plot.
Repair Parties and Teams
Repair party officers should take charge of activities in their area of responsibility after damage issustained. They should keep DCC informed of thesituation. There are certain repair parties that may besubdivided to provide adequate protection for largeareas. Sometimes prescribed responsibilities may bethe joint responsibility of two or more repair parties.When repair parties are subdivided, they aredesignated by the number of the parent party followedby a letter (such as lA, lB). Table 2-1 summarizes therepair parties and teams required by various types of ships.
COMPOSITION.—
The composition of therepair parties must permit each party to handle thedamage and casualties that occur within their assignedareas. Each ship must designate a repair party assecondary DCC. Also, a complete succession forcommand of damage control will be promulgated andposted in each repair locker. The physical location of each repair locker, the seniority of each repair lockerofficer, and the communication facilities availableshould be considered when succession of command isdesignated. The following general composition isconsidered necessary to ensure the effectiveness of therepair parties.
Repair1(MainDeckRepairParty).
Anofficer or chief petty officer from a deck division is incharge. This repair party is made up of deck divisionpetty officers and nonrated personnel—Storekeepers,Information Systems Technician, Electrician’s Mates,Hospital Corpsmen, and aviation details (except inaircraft carriers). Some engineering petty officers mayalso be required.The hangar deck officer is in charge of Repair 1H,also known as the hangar bays repair party. Repair 1His a subdivision of Repair 1. An officer or chief pettyofficer is assigned as an assistant for each hangar bay.Repair 1H is made up of petty officers and nonratedpersonnel from the aviation ratings. Engineering anddeck petty officers may also be required.
Repair2(ForwardRepairParty).
Anappropriately trained officer or chief petty officer is incharge.Thisrepairpartyismadeupofpettyofficersof the deck and engineering departments—Electrician’sMates, Storekeepers, Hospital Corpsmen, andnonrated personnel.2-3

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