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14057_ppr_ch1.pdf

14057_ppr_ch1.pdf

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CHAPTER 1DAMAGECONTROLMANRATING
LearningObjectives:
Recall the primary dutiesand responsibilities of personnel in the DamageControlman rating, the duties and responsibilities fordamage control of other key personnel in the chain of command, and the various damage controladministrative programs, directives, and reports.The Damage Controlman rating is a general ratingand has no service ratings associated with it. As youbecome familiar with the requirements foradvancement in this rating, you will recognize that therequirements for the rating are quite extensive.
RATING RESPONSIBILITIESLearningObjective
: Recall the duties andresponsibilities of the Damage Controlman rating.As a Damage Controlman, your tasks and dutieswill include the following:
Organizational and intermediate levelmaintenance and repair of damage controlequipment and systems.
Plan, supervise, and perform tasks necessary fordamage control, ship stability, preservation of watertight integrity, fire fighting, and chemical,biological, and radiological (CBR) warfaredefense.
Instruct and coordinate damage control parties.
Instruct personnel in the techniques of damagecontrol and CBR defense.
Superviseandperformtasksinprocurementandissuanceofsuppliesandrepairparts;andpreparerecords and reports.
LEADERSHIP
As you advance in the Damage Controlman (DC)rating, you will have increasing responsibilities formilitary and technical leadership. Every petty officermust be a military leader as well as a technicalspecialist; however, your responsibilities are unique tothe DC rating and are directly related to the nature of your work. Your ability to lead others is particularlyimportant because in casualty situations damagecontrol often becomes an “all-hands” evolution. Inthese situations, a Damage Controlman holds a keyposition in the damage control organization and isrequired to coordinate the efforts of others for thesuccessful control of damage. For these reasons, youmust possess qualities of leadership as well as behighly skilled and knowledgeable in the field of damage control.Organization and teamwork are the keys tosuccessful damage control. Strong leadership isrequired to keep the organization functioning and toensure effective teamwork needed to meet thefollowing goals:1. Preserve or reestablish watertight integrity,stability, maneuverability, and offensive power.2. Control list and trim.3. Repair material and equipment.4. Limit the spread of, and provide protectionfrom fire.5. Limit the spread of, remove the contaminationby, and provide adequate protection against chemicaland biological agents or noxious gases and nuclearradiation.6. Care for wounded personnel.
BASIC OBJECTIVES OF DAMAGECONTROL
Shipboard damage control is designed to work toward three basic objectives. These objectives are asfollows:1. Take all practicable preliminary measuresto prevent damage.2. Minimize and localize damage as it occurs.3. Accomplish emergency repairs as quickly aspossible, restore equipment to operation, andcare for injured personnel.The damage control organization has the sameobjectives whether the country is at peace or at war.The ship’s ability to perform its mission will dependupon the effectiveness of its damage controlorganization.1-1
 
To attain these objectives, we must accomplish thefollowing:1. Preserve stability and fume-tight and watertightintegrity (buoyancy).2. Maintain the operational capabilities of vitalsystems.3. Prevent, isolate, combat, extinguish, andremove the effects of fire and explosion.4. Detect, confine, and remove the effects of chemical, biological, or radiologicalcontamination.5. Preventpersonnelcasualtiesandadministerfirstaid to the injured.6. Make rapid repairs to correct structural andequipment damage.
AREAS OF RESPONSIBILITY
The three primary areas of responsibility fordamage control include the following:1. The functional combination of all equipment,material, devices, and techniques that preventand minimize damage and restore damagedequipment and structures. This damage canoccur in wartime or peacetime.2. The passive defense against conventional,nuclear, biological, and chemical warfare.3. All active defense measures short of thosedesigned to prevent successful delivery of anenemy attack by military means or sabotage.
PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Because damage control covers a wide variety of areas, training is essential for an effective emergencyparty. This training is accomplished in several ways.You may learn through schools, correspondencecourses, on-the-job training, shipboard traininglectures, and films. Most of the training programsavailable are explained in the following paragraphs.
Navy Schools
There are a number of Navy schools to trainpersonnel in damage control. Your damage controlassistant normally requests quotas to send a completerepairpartytoaschoolasaunit.Membersoftherepairpartiestraintogetherandlearntoworkasaunit.Theseschools include shipboard damage control, shipboardfire fighting, and aviation fire fighting. Figure 1-1shows fire-fighting training being conducted at theDamageControlSchoolinGreatLakes,Illinois.Referto the
Catalog of Navy Training Courses (CANTRAC)
forthelatestlistingofcoursesavailable.ThiscatalogisavailablefromyourEducationServicesOffice(ESO).
Nonresident Training Course
This nonresident training course (NRTC) isdesignedforthe DamageControlmanrating.Thereareother recommended courses that are good sources of training; a good example is
Blueprint Reading and Sketching
,NAVEDTRA82014.Thisandothercoursesmay be ordered through your ESO.
On-the-Job Training
Another method of training is on-the-job training.This training method allows you to learn whileperforming your daily tasks. Your fellow workers andsupervisors may teach you by sharing their knowledgewith you. Additionally, you may learn on your own bystudying applicable publications.On-the-job training is also carried out throughemergency drills. These drills help train emergencyparty personnel to perform their assignments in aprofessional manner. The drills also train individualsto work together as an effective unit.
Sources of Information
There are many valuable sources of informationabout damage control. Some of the more important of these sources of information that you should becomefamiliar with are stated below.
MANUFACTURERSTECHNICALMANUALS.—
You should have access to themanufacturer’s technical manuals for your equipment.These manuals provide information on the operation,maintenance, and repair of a specific piece of equipment, and you should always use the one for theequipment you are required to work on.1-2
Figure 1-1. Damage control team training.
 
 NAVAL SHIPSTECHNICAL MANUAL
(
 NSTM 
).—
A complete set of 
Naval Ships’Technical Manuals
should be available in the engineering logroom. They are usually available on a single CD-ROMand may be available on a ship-wide network. Thesemanuals cover different aspects of damage control,which include the following: fire fighting, flooding,ship’s stability, and CBR countermeasures. Study of the NSTMs will help you complete your damagecontrol personnel qualification standards.
DAMAGECONTROLBOOKS.
Damagecontrol books are furnished to all naval ships over220 feet long and to some select smaller ships. Shipsunder 220 feet long that are not issued a damagecontrol book may develop their own. These bookscontain descriptive information, tables, and diagrams.Each book is pertinent to an individual ship. Theinformation given covers the following six subjects:1. “Damage control systems”2. “Ship’s compartmentation”3. “Ship’s piping systems”4. “Ship’s electrical systems”5. “Ship’s ventilation systems”6. “General information”Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA)maintains a record of all damage control booksdistributed. The books may not be transferred withoutNAVSEA authorization. The engineer officer isnormally the custodian of the damage control books.Upon transfer, this officer must account for all copiesbefore passing custody to the relieving officer.You may requisition additional books withdiagrams lithographed in color from the Naval SupplyDepot, Philadelphia. Books with black-and-whitediagrams should be requested from the planning yardof the ship. Copies of the damage control book shouldbe available in DC central, main engine control, andeach repair party locker.It is important to keep all copies of the ship’sdamage control book up to date. One copy should beconsideredthe“mastercopyandbekeptcurrentatalltimes by the damage control assistant (DCA). Themaster copy is then used to update the other copies.
 NSTM 
,chapter079,volume 2,containstheguidelinesfor updating a damage control book. These changesincludealterationscompletedbyshipsforceandthosecompleted by other activities. When the ship isdecommissioned and scheduled for disposal orscrapping, the damage control books should be burnedand their disposition reported to NAVSEA.
REPAIRPARTYMANUAL.—
The typecommander is responsible for the preparation of astandard repair party manual for ships under his or herauthority. The repair party manual provides detailedinformation on the standard methods and techniquesused in damage control as outlined in
U.S. Navy Regulations
, NWP 3-20.31.The repair party manual should include damagecontrol procedures covering emergency damagecontrol communications, casualty power, andcounterflooding (where applicable). Door-and-hatchlocations, air-conditioning and ventilation systems,and compressed air systems are also included. Inaddition, a standard repair party manual may includethe following information:1. A listing of the important features of eachrepair party area, including machinery, storage spaces,location of repair lockers, and magazines2. Protective measures involving material andpersonnel with respect to imminent air attack, surfaceattack, underwater attack, fire, collision, and CBRattack 3. Methods of investigating damage; necessaryprecautions and means of reporting damage4. Use of equipment for the following purposes:fire fighting, flooding control, repairing damage inaction (shoring, pipe patching, etc.)5. Controlling CBR contamination (monitoring,reporting, and decontamination of material)6. Personnel casualty control (first aid anddecontamination)7. Primary and alternate methods of providingemergencyservicetovitalsystemsbymeansofcasualtypower, emergency communications, and jumpers torestore firemain or magazine sprinkling service8. Damage control central (DCC) location,equipment layout, communications, and personnel9. A chain of command diagram10. A secondary DCC description11. Repair parties personnel billets, includingduties, functions, and responsibilities; subunits (whereapplicable); and required publications, plates, plans,and diagrams1-3

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