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Apollo 11 - Goodwill Messages

Apollo 11 - Goodwill Messages

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Published by Gheorghita Vednueb
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Aircraft, NASA, Apollo Mission, Columbia, Science, Space, Spaceflight, Planetary, Space Shutlle,
National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Aircraft, NASA, Apollo Mission, Columbia, Science, Space, Spaceflight, Planetary, Space Shutlle,

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Published by: Gheorghita Vednueb on Jun 07, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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06/20/2014

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RELEASE NO:
69-83F
APOLLO
11
GOODWLL MESSAGES
FOR RELEASE:
SUNDAY
July
13,
1969
.
..
-.
I.
A small disc carrying statements
by
Presidents Eisenhower,Kennedy,. Johnson and Nixon and messages
of
goodwill
fromlead-ers
of
73
countries around the world will
be
left on the Moon
by
the Apollo
11
astronauts.The disc
also
carries
a
listingofthe leadership of
the
Congress
and
a
listing
of
members of the
four
commttees
of
theHouse and Senate responsible
for
the National Aeronautics and
.
Space Admnistration legislation. Additionally, the names
of
NASA's top management, including
past
Admnistrators and DeputyAdmnistrators, and the present
NASA
management are included.These include NASA's first Admnistrator,
Dr.
T.
KeithGlennan;
its
long-time Deputy Admnistrator, the late Dr. Hugh
L.
Dryden; former Admnistr>ator ames
E.
Webb; and formerDeputy Admnistrator, Dr. Robert
C.
Seamans,
Jr.,
presentSecretary
of
the Air Force.-more-
7/11/69
-%?
,,,
,
 
,
.
-2-
Dr.
Thomas
0
Paine
is
the present
NASA
Admnistrator.
The
disc, about the size of
a
50-cent piece,
is
made
of
silicon
--
,a
non-metallic chemcal element found abundantly innature and used widely
im
modern electronics.Through
a
process used to make mcromniature electroniccircuits, the statements, the messages, and names were etched
(sn
the grey-colored disc. Each message was reduced
200
timesto a size
rnuch
smaller than the head
of
a
!)in
(0.0425
x
0.055
inches) and appears on the disc
as
a
barely visible dot.
NASA':;
Electronics Research Center at Cambridge, Mass.,was assisted by the Sprague Electric Company's Serci-ConductorDivision, Worcester, Mass., in preparing the historic disc.
..
In addition to the
disc,
Astronauts Neil
A.
Armstrongand Edwin
E.
Aldrin,
Jr.,
will
also leave on the lunar surfacean American flag and a plaque inscribed "Here men fromthe plafietEarth/First set foot upon the Moon/July
1969
A.D./We came
in
peace for all mankind."Armstrong, Aldrin, the third Apollo astronaut,Michael Collins,and President Nixon, and will be attached to a leg
of
the descentThe plaque will
bear
the names ofstage of the lunar module.-more-
&<
.,..
.
..
1.
-
-----I---
-7
-
-
,
T'-.
--..-
.
.
-
__
,
_. .~.
-_.
-.
T.
.
.
..
T'
..
.
.-.-
..
 
.
*.
#
..
+.
-3-
At
the
top
of
the disc is the incription: "Goodwillmessages
from
around the world brought to the Moon by theastronauts of
Apollo
11."
Around the
rim
is the statement:"FromPlanet
'
Earth
--
July
1969.
The messages fromforeign leaders congratulate the UnitedStates and its astronauts and also express hope
for
peace toall nations
of
the world. Some are handwritten, others typedand many are in native language.
A
highly decorative message
from
the Vatican
is
signed
by
Pope Paul.Silicon, which first came into general use Curing WorldWar
I1
in the production
of
diodes, was chcsen to
%ear
themniaturlzed messages for its ability to withstand the extremetemperatures
of
the
Moon
which range from
250
degrees
to
mnus
280
Fahrenheit.Because
of
its purity and
stabil:?jr,
silicon
is
used ex-tensively today in production
of
tiny integrated circuits
by
a
process that permts hundreds
of
devices
to
be formed
at
one
time within
the
thin silicon disc.The
same
process used in making integrated circuits
pro-
duced the message chip.
and
the photo reduced
200
times.
First, the messages were photographed
-mol
+e-
"*
.,
._
L"..
.
-
T"
--.I-
-
--
T--
-7-
.-
-
--
-
T
--
T
-
-
-----

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