United Nations Development Programme
Gender in crisis countries
Conict, violence, crime and disasters disrupt or destroy acountry’s basic systems and institutions. While both men andwomen may suer, the relatively disadvantaged situation o women and girls, their distinctive social obligations andresponsibilities, and especially their exposure to gender basedviolence oten means that they are disproportionately aectedby these catastrophes compared to men and may miss out onthe benets o recovery.Women are oten considered an easy target when there is a lack o security, and when the rule o law breaks down, anddiscriminatory practices may exacerbate a culture o impunity.Women’s greater vulnerability to poverty may threaten theirlivelihoods to a greater extent than those o men.At the same time, women are oten excluded rom decisionmaking in crisis prevention and recovery and are oten absentrom the negotiating table so their interests may be overlooked.
When crises occur, UNDP works to improve women’s basicsecurity, by or example, training police and security orces andboosting the number o emale police ofcers.Ater a conict, UNDP works to dismantle the culture o impunity that may exist towards gender based violence, orexample, by making courts more efcient, and trainingprosecutors so that they can try cases o sexual assault.Women can oten be excellent advocates or recovery ater adisaster or conict, as well as or peace, access to justice,security and the rule o law. UNDP works to expand women’scitizenship, participation and leadership, and advance womenas decision-makers. To ensure that peace building is sustainable, UNDP works toinvolve women in all peace processes. UNDP puts special eortsinto ensuring that women are not only included, but also leadrecovery activities, such as through emergency employmentschemes to remove rubble, or repair inrastructure ollowing adisaster. Transorming government and society to deliver or womenmeans attaining political commitment to address gender issuesin countries that are prone to crisis. UNDP works to includewomen’s issues on national agendas.
UNDP in action
In 2012, UNDP helped generate 1.86 million workdays in
ollowing disasters orconicts in those countries. This beneted more than 111,000people, 43,000 o whom were women. Over 13,000 ormercombatants in these countries, including nearly 5,800 women,were reintegrated into their communities through UNDPsupported schemes.
Community activists in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan attend UNDPsupported training. Photo by UNDP Pakistan
•Seventypercentoftheworld’shungrypeoplearewomenandmorethan30milliongirlsareoutofschool.Disastersandconictcanexacerbatethisimbalance;•WomenhavecomprisedonlyeightpercentofnegotiatingdelegationsinUN-mediatedpeace processessince1992;•In2010and2011,only22percentofpeaceagreementssignedcontainedwomen’speaceandsecurity provisions;•Women,boysandgirlsare14timesmorelikelytodieduringanaturaldisasterthanmen;and •Sexualviolencedirectedtowardswomenandgirlsisoftenusedasadeliberatetacticinconict.