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Ex Offenders and Employment

Ex Offenders and Employment

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Published by hprplaw

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Published by: hprplaw on Apr 25, 2009
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Ex-Offenders And Employment
A
 
EVIEW OF
M
ARYLAND
S
P
UBLIC
P
OLICY
A
 ND
A
 
L
OOK 
A
T
O
THER 
S
TATES
Prepared by 
the
HOMELESS
 
PERSONS
 
REPRESENTATION
 
PROJECT
 
300 Cathedral Street
!
Suite 204Baltimore, Maryland 21201(410) 685-6589
!
Toll Free (800) 773-4340FAX (410) 625-0361
Through the Support Of The Abell Foundation
 December, 2001Revised & Updated, June 2002
 
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY................................................vI. INTRODUCTION.....................................................1II. MARYLANDS PUBLIC POLICY TOWARD EX-OFFENDERS..............2A.Arrests vs. Convictions............................................2B. Statutory Bars to Employment.....................................31. School Employees: Persons Convicted of Sexual Crimes or Crimes Of Violence.....................................................32. Respite Care or Personal Care Attendants: Persons Convicted of AFelony or Any Crime Involving Moral Turpitude or Theft.......33. Dependent Care Providers: Persons With Criminal Histories IndicatingPotentially Harmful Behavior.............................34. Correctional Officers: Persons With Felony and Misdemeanor Convictions.....................................................4C. Statutorily Required Background Checks............................41. Facilities and Individuals That Care For Or Supervise Children......42. Health Care Facilities ......................................53. Taxicab Drivers...........................................54. Drivers for Government or Non-Profits.........................55. Department of Juvenile Justice Personnel .......................66. License for Security Systems Technicians.......................6D. Statutorily Suggested Background Checks...........................61. County Employees (Howard, Anne Arundel, and Carroll)..........62. Fire Department/Rescue Squad Personnel.......................63. License for Pharmacists.....................................64. License for Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration Contractors.....................................................75. License for Engineers.......................................76. All Licenses..............................................7E. The Negligent Hiring Doctrine ....................................7F. Expungements, Pardons and Probations Before Judgement...............91. Expungements............................................92. Pardons.................................................93. Probation Before Judgement................................10G. Consumer Reporting Agencies....................................111. The Prohibition on Reporting on Criminal Records Older Than SevenYears ...............................................11
 
iii
2. Notice of Report to Applicant...............................123. Notice of Rejection to Applicant Based Upon Report.............124. Remedies Under Reporting Agency Violations..................13H. Other Civil Disabilities..........................................131. Voting..................................................132. Public Housing And Section 8...............................143. Public Benefits...........................................14I. Conclusion....................................................15III. NEW YORK.......................................................16A. The Statute...................................................161. History.................................................162. The Eight Factor Test......................................173. Certificates of Rehabilitation................................184. Notice Provisions.........................................195. Enforcement.............................................19B. Objective Evaluation............................................201. Ex-Offender Claims Compared to Total New Hires........212. Disposition of Ex-Offender Claims...........................223. Ex-Offender Claims Compared to the Total of Ex-Offenders.......23C. Subjective Evaluation ..........................................231. Broad-Based Hiring Prohibitions.............................232. Certificates of Rehabilitation....................................................243. Enforcement of the 8 Factor Test.............................244. Overhauling the System....................................................25D. Conclusion...................................................26IV. WISCONSIN......................................................28A. The Statute...................................................28B. Enforcement..................................................28C. Interpretation of Substantial Relationship..........................29D. Attempts to Narrow Scope of Statute...............................30E. Objective Evaluation............................................31F. Subjective Evaluation...........................................32V. PENNSYLVANIA...................................................34A. The Statute...................................................34B. Enforcement..................................................34

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