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Geotechnical Policies and Procedures - Geotechnical Investigation Procedures

Geotechnical Policies and Procedures - Geotechnical Investigation Procedures

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Published by: samir_soubra on Jun 08, 2013
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12/19/2013

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02/14/2005 NDOT Geotechnical Policies and Procedures Manual
GEOTECHNICAL POLICIES AND PROCEDURES
CHAPTER 6
GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES
 
GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES 6-i
02/14/2005 NDOT Geotechnical Policies and Procedures Manual
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1. PURPOSE............................................................................................................12. REVIEW OF PROJECT REQUIREMENTS..........................................................13. OFFICE REVIEW OF AVAILABLE DATA............................................................23.1 Topographic Maps................................................................................................23.2 Aerial Photographs...............................................................................................23.3 Geological Maps and Reports..............................................................................23.4 Soil Surveys..........................................................................................................33.5 Adjacent Projects .................................................................................................33.6 Rockfall Hazard Rating System............................................................................33.7 Hydrogeological Surveys and Well Logs..............................................................33.8 Remote Sensing Data ..........................................................................................34. FIELD RECONNAISSANCE.................................................................................45. FIELD MAPPING AND MEASUREMENTS OF ROCK DISCONTINUITIES ........56. FIELD-DEVELOPED CROSS-SECTIONS...........................................................67. SUBSURFACE EXPLORATION METHODS........................................................67.1 Test Pits and Trenches ........................................................................................77.2 Hand Auger Probes..............................................................................................77.3 Exploration Drilling Techniques............................................................................77.3.1 Solid Flight Auger Borings....................................................................................87.3.2 Hollow-Stem Auger Borings .................................................................................87.3.3 Wash Borings.......................................................................................................87.3.4 Mud Rotary Drilling...............................................................................................97.3.5 Air Drilling.............................................................................................................97.3.6 Percussion Drilling................................................................................................97.3.7 Coring...................................................................................................................97.4 Soundings ............................................................................................................97.5 Geophysical Methods.........................................................................................107.5.1 Seismic Refraction and Reflection......................................................................107.5.2 Electrical Resistivity............................................................................................117.6 Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR)......................................................................117.7 Nondestructive Testing - Evaluation of Existing Structures................................118. SOIL SAMPLING................................................................................................118.1 Disturbed Sampling............................................................................................128.1.1 Bag (Bulk) Samples............................................................................................128.1.2 Cuttings Samples...............................................................................................128.1.3 Split Spoon Sampler...........................................................................................128.1.4 California Modified Sampler...............................................................................138.2 Undisturbed Block Sampling ..............................................................................138.3 Undisturbed Sampling Using Thin Wall Samplers..............................................148.3.1 Shelby Tube Sampler.........................................................................................14
 
GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION PROCEDURES 6-ii
02/14/2005 NDOT Geotechnical Policies and Procedures Manual
8.3.2 Stationary Piston Sampler..................................................................................148.3.3 Floating Piston Sampler .....................................................................................158.3.4 Retractable Piston Sampler................................................................................158.3.5 Hydraulic (Osterberg) Piston Sampler................................................................158.4 Partially Disturbed Sampling ..............................................................................158.4.1 Denison Sampler................................................................................................158.4.2 Pitcher Sampler..................................................................................................158.4.3 Sprague & Henwood Sampler............................................................................169. ROCK SAMPLING..............................................................................................169.1 Double Tube Core Barrel....................................................................................169.2 Triple Tube Core Barrel......................................................................................169.3 Oriented Core.....................................................................................................179.4 Borehole Television Camera..............................................................................1710. EXPLORATION DIFFICULTIES.........................................................................1710.1 Improper Drilling Techniques..............................................................................1710.2 Sample Recovery...............................................................................................1810.3 Sample Disturbance...........................................................................................1910.4 Obstructions.......................................................................................................1910.5 Problematic Geologic Conditions .......................................................................1910.6 Groundwater Conditions.....................................................................................2010.7 Contaminated Sites............................................................................................2011. INSTRUMENTATION.........................................................................................2112. BOREHOLE SEALING/BACKFILLING...............................................................2113. FIELD EXPLORATION LOGS............................................................................2214. PHOTOGRAPHIC RECORD..............................................................................2215. SAMPLE PRESERVATION AND SHIPPING.....................................................2216. GUIDELINES FOR INSPECTIONS OF SUBSURFACE EXPLORATIONS........2317. EQUIPMENT FOR FIELD EXPLORATIONS......................................................2418. SAFETY GUIDELINES.......................................................................................2519. SPECIFICATIONS AND STANDARDS..............................................................2620. FIGURES ...........................................................................................................276-1: Core Sizes (from Boart Longyear, 2000).....................................................2721. REFERENCES...................................................................................................28

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