Click & Learn
Our PC's are data processors. PC's function is simple: to process data, and the processing is done electronically insidethe CPU and between the other components. That sounds simple, but
are data, and
are they processedelectronically in a PC? That is the subject of these pages.
The signals, which we send each other to communicate, are data. Our daily data have many forms: sound, letters,numbers, and other characters (handwritten or printed), photos, graphics, film. All these data are in their nature
,which means that they are varied in their type. In this form, they are unusable in a PC. The PC can only processconcise, simple data formats. Such data can be processed very effectively.
The PC is an electric unit. Therefore, it can only deal with data, which are associated with electricity. That isaccomplished using electric switches, which are either off or on. You can compare with regular household switches. Ifthe switch if off, the PC reads numeral 0. If it is on, it is read as numeral one. See the illustration below:With our electric switches, we can write 0 or 1. We can now start our data processing!The PC is filled with these switches (in the form of transistors). There are literally millions of those in the electroniccomponents. Each represents either a 0 or a 1, so we can process data with millions of 0's and 1's.
Click & Learn. Module 1a. About data.file:///E|/education/Click & Learn/module1a.htm (1 of 5) [4/15/1999 6:13:21 AM]