_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 1. According to Maslow, which of the followingcategories of needs represents the most basic?
a) Physiologic needsPhysiologic needs must be met before an individualis able to move toward psychological health andwell-being.b) Self-actualizationSelf-actualization is the highest level of needc) Safety and security needsSafety and security needs, while lower level, are notessential to physiologic survival.d) BelongingnessBelongingness and affection needs are not essentialto physiologic survival.
2. Which of the following statements reflects theWorld Health Organization’s definition of health?
a) A state of complete physical, mental, and socialwell-being and not merely the absence of diseaseand infirmity.Such a definition, however, does not allow for anyvariations in the degrees of wellness or illness.b) A condition of homeostatis and adaptation.The WHO definition addresses physical, mental, andsocial dimensions of being.c) An individual’s location along a wellness–illnesscontinuum.The concept of a health–illness continuum allows for a greater range in describing a person’s health thanthe definition provided by the WHO.d) A fluid, ever-changing balance reflected throughphysical, mental, and social behavior.The WHO definition does not allow for any variationsin the degrees of wellness and illness.
3. Which of the following statements definesculture?
a) The learned patterns of behavior, beliefs, andvalues that can be attributed to a particular group of people.Included among characteristics that distinguishcultural groups are manner of dress, values,artifacts, and health beliefs and practices.b) A group of people distinguished by geneticallytransmitted material.A group of people distinguished by geneticallytransmitted material describes the term race.c) The status of belonging to a particular region byorigin, birth, or naturalization.The status of belonging to a particular region byorigin, birth, or naturalization describes the termnationality.d) The classification of a group based upon certaindistinctive characteristics.The classification of a group based upon certaindistinctive characteristics describes the termethnicity.
4. The reason that case management has gainedsuch prominence in health care can be traced to
a) decreased cost of care associated with inpatientstay.The reasons case management has gained suchprominence can be traced to the decreased cost of care associated with decreased length of hospitalstay, coupled with rapid and frequent inter-unittransfers from specialty to standard care units.b) increased length of hospital stay.In general, length of hospital stay has decreasedover the past 5 years.c) discharge from specialty care units to home.In general, patients are transferred from specialtycare units to standard care units at least 24 hoursprior to discharge.d) limited availability for inter-unit hospital transfers.In general, patients in acute care hospitals undergofrequent inter-unit transfers from specialty tostandard care units.
5. A preferred provider organization is describedas a
a) business arrangement between hospitals andphysicians.PPO’s usually contract to provide health care tosubscribers, usually businesses, for a negotiated feethat often is discounted.b) prepaid group health practice system.A prepaid group health practice system is termeda health maintenance organization.c) limited insurance program.Insurance is a cost payment system of shared risk,not a health care delivery system.d) health care savings account program.A health care savings account program is anincentive program to consumers, not a health caredelivery system.
6. Which of the following categories identifiesthe focus of community/public health nursingpractice?
a) Promoting and maintaining the health of populations and preventing and minimizing theprogress of diseaseAlthough nursing interventions used by public healthnurses might involve individuals, families, or smallgroups, the central focus remains promoting healthand preventing disease in the entire community.b) Rehabilitation and restorative servicesRehabilitation and restorative services are the focusof extended care facilities and home care nursing.c) Adaptation of hospital care to the homeenvironmentAdaptation of hospital care to the home environmentis the focus of home nursing.d) Hospice care deliveryHospice care delivery refers to the delivery of services to the terminally ill.
7. A major goal for home care nurses is
a) restoring maximum health function.Tertiary preventive nursing care, focusing onrehabilitation and restoring maximum healthfunction, is a goal for home care nurses.b) promoting the health of populations.Promoting the health of populations is a focus of community/public health nursing.c) minimizing the progress of disease.Minimizing the progress of disease is a focus of community/public health nursing.