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Caerwent, Monmouthshire

Caerwent, Monmouthshire

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Published by Wessex Archaeology
Wessex Archaeology was commissioned by Videotext Communications Ltd to carry out archaeological recording and post-excavation analysis on an archaeological evaluation by Channel 4’s ‘Time Team’ within the Roman town of Caerwent, South Wales (NGR 346900 190500).
The Roman town is a Scheduled Monument (Monmouthshire 001) of national importance. Excavations since the turn of the 19th century have largely established the ground plan, although little was known about two significant areas, one in the commercial heart of the town (insula XIV) and the other in a suburban district of its north-western quadrant (insula I). These two areas, and a third, located outside the walls on the eastern approaches to the town, were investigated by the Time Team evaluation.
The project aimed to carry out a limited programme of non-intrusive investigations and evaluation trenching over three days. Fieldwork consisted of seven machine excavated trial trenches as well as geophysical and topographic surveys. The geophysical survey clearly demonstrated the potential usefulness of these techniques, particularly ground penetrating radar, for providing detailed information about the below-ground remains surviving at Caerwent.
Wessex Archaeology was commissioned by Videotext Communications Ltd to carry out archaeological recording and post-excavation analysis on an archaeological evaluation by Channel 4’s ‘Time Team’ within the Roman town of Caerwent, South Wales (NGR 346900 190500).
The Roman town is a Scheduled Monument (Monmouthshire 001) of national importance. Excavations since the turn of the 19th century have largely established the ground plan, although little was known about two significant areas, one in the commercial heart of the town (insula XIV) and the other in a suburban district of its north-western quadrant (insula I). These two areas, and a third, located outside the walls on the eastern approaches to the town, were investigated by the Time Team evaluation.
The project aimed to carry out a limited programme of non-intrusive investigations and evaluation trenching over three days. Fieldwork consisted of seven machine excavated trial trenches as well as geophysical and topographic surveys. The geophysical survey clearly demonstrated the potential usefulness of these techniques, particularly ground penetrating radar, for providing detailed information about the below-ground remains surviving at Caerwent.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Wessex Archaeology on Apr 27, 2009
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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Wessex Archaeology 
Caerwent Roman Town,Monmouthshire, South Wales
 Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of ResultsRef:68736.01February 2009
 
Caerwent Roman Town, Monmouthshire, South Wales
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
Prepared on behalf of:
Videotext Communications Ltd49 Goldhawk RoadLONDONSW1 8QP
By:
Wessex ArchaeologyPortway HouseOld Sarum ParkSALISBURYWiltshireSP4 6EB
Report reference: 68736.01
February 2009
© Wessex Archaeology Limited 2009, all rights reserved Wessex Archaeology Limited is a Registered Charity No. 287786 
 
i
Caerwent Roman Town, Monmouthshire, South Wales
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
Contents
Summary Acknowledgements
1
INTRODUCTION.................................................................................................11.1Project Background.................................................................................11.2Archaeological Background....................................................................11.3Previous Archaeological Work................................................................32AIMS AND OBJECTIVES...................................................................................43METHODS...........................................................................................................43.1Topographical survey..............................................................................43.2Geophysical survey..................................................................................43.3Evaluation trenches.................................................................................54RESULTS............................................................................................................54.1Introduction...............................................................................................54.2Geophysical survey..................................................................................54.3Evaluation Trenches................................................................................6
Insula I........................................................................................................6 Insula XIV...................................................................................................7 Eastern approaches.................................................................................10 
5FINDS................................................................................................................115.1Introduction.............................................................................................115.2Coins........................................................................................................115.3Metalwork................................................................................................12
Silver ......................................................................................................12 Copper Alloy.............................................................................................12 Iron ......................................................................................................13Lead ......................................................................................................13
5.4Metalworking debris...............................................................................145.5Pottery.....................................................................................................145.6Glass........................................................................................................155.7Building materials..................................................................................16
Ceramic building materials.......................................................................16 Stone ......................................................................................................16 Other building materials............................................................................16 
5.8Worked Bone..........................................................................................175.9Other Finds.............................................................................................175.10Human bone............................................................................................185.11Animal Bone............................................................................................195.12Marine Shell............................................................................................205.13Potential of the assemblage..................................................................206PALAEO-ENVIRONMENTAL EVIDENCE........................................................207DISCUSSION.....................................................................................................218RECOMMENDATIONS.....................................................................................229ARCHIVE...........................................................................................................2210REFERENCES..................................................................................................23

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