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Salisbury Cathedral

Salisbury Cathedral

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Published by Wessex Archaeology
An archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Channel 4’s ‘Time Team’ within the Close of Salisbury Cathedral and the grounds of Salisbury Cathedral School, Wiltshire to investigate the 13th century Bell Tower to the north of the Cathedral and the 15th century Chantry Chapel of Bishop Richard Beauchamp, both of which were demolished at the end of the 18th century.
No archaeological investigation of the Bell Tower had been undertaken before, although the Chantry Chapel had been investigated on two previous occasions, by Tim Tatton-Brown (Salisbury Cathedral Consultant Archaeologist) and the Chapter workmen in 1992 and by Cambrian Archaeological Projects Ltd in 2000. The 2000 evaluation revealed the extent of the chapel foundations and an in situ inhumation burial, first identified in 1992 and believed to be that of Bishop Beauchamp himself.
Investigation into the Chantry Chapel revealed possible evidence of the preparation of the ground prior to the building of the Cathedral in 1220 in the form of a large chalk raft, laid down to create a dry working platform and to stabilise the ground, and possible evidence of an earlier cemetery of 1219. The buttresses of the 1220 construction were revealed and were clearly disturbed by the construction of the Beauchamp Chapel. The base of the walls of the Chapel and four burials associated with the 15th century construction were exposed. The empty graves of Bishop Beauchamp and John Cheney, whose tombs had been moved inside the Cathedral when the chapel was demolished, were identified, as was a grave possibly belonging to the Bishop’s brother William. The fourth grave (previously believed to be that of Bishop Beauchamp) was investigated although the identity of the individual remains unknown.
The Bell Tower investigation revealed evidence for the early 13th century workshops or dwellings of the Cathedral workmen sealed beneath ground preparation deposits of the Tower. The Tower itself had been extensively demolished with no evidence of the worked stone facing of the walls remaining. Evidence of its later use as an inn was identified.
An archaeological evaluation was undertaken by Channel 4’s ‘Time Team’ within the Close of Salisbury Cathedral and the grounds of Salisbury Cathedral School, Wiltshire to investigate the 13th century Bell Tower to the north of the Cathedral and the 15th century Chantry Chapel of Bishop Richard Beauchamp, both of which were demolished at the end of the 18th century.
No archaeological investigation of the Bell Tower had been undertaken before, although the Chantry Chapel had been investigated on two previous occasions, by Tim Tatton-Brown (Salisbury Cathedral Consultant Archaeologist) and the Chapter workmen in 1992 and by Cambrian Archaeological Projects Ltd in 2000. The 2000 evaluation revealed the extent of the chapel foundations and an in situ inhumation burial, first identified in 1992 and believed to be that of Bishop Beauchamp himself.
Investigation into the Chantry Chapel revealed possible evidence of the preparation of the ground prior to the building of the Cathedral in 1220 in the form of a large chalk raft, laid down to create a dry working platform and to stabilise the ground, and possible evidence of an earlier cemetery of 1219. The buttresses of the 1220 construction were revealed and were clearly disturbed by the construction of the Beauchamp Chapel. The base of the walls of the Chapel and four burials associated with the 15th century construction were exposed. The empty graves of Bishop Beauchamp and John Cheney, whose tombs had been moved inside the Cathedral when the chapel was demolished, were identified, as was a grave possibly belonging to the Bishop’s brother William. The fourth grave (previously believed to be that of Bishop Beauchamp) was investigated although the identity of the individual remains unknown.
The Bell Tower investigation revealed evidence for the early 13th century workshops or dwellings of the Cathedral workmen sealed beneath ground preparation deposits of the Tower. The Tower itself had been extensively demolished with no evidence of the worked stone facing of the walls remaining. Evidence of its later use as an inn was identified.

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Published by: Wessex Archaeology on Apr 27, 2009
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Wessex Archaeology 
February 2009Ref: 68741
Salisbury CathedralWiltshire
 Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
 
Salisbury Cathedral, Wiltshire
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
Prepared on behalf of:
Videotext Communications Ltd49 Goldhawk RoadLONDONSW1 8QP
By:
Wessex ArchaeologyPortway HouseOld Sarum ParkSALISBURYWiltshireSP4 6EBReport reference: 68741.01February 2009
© Wessex Archaeology Limited 2009, all rights reserved Wessex Archaeology Limited is a Registered Charity No. 287786 
 
i
Salisbury Cathedral, Wiltshire
Archaeological Evaluation and Assessment of Results
Contents
Summary Acknowledgements
1
BACKGROUND...................................................................................................11.1Introduction...............................................................................................11.2Site Location, Topography and Geology................................................11.3Archaeological and Historical Background...........................................1
The Cathedral.............................................................................................2 Bell Tower...................................................................................................3Cathedral Churchyard................................................................................4Bishop’s Palace..........................................................................................4The Cathedral Close...................................................................................4
1.4Previous Archaeological Work................................................................42AIMS AND OBJECTIVES...................................................................................53METHODS...........................................................................................................63.1Geophysical Survey.................................................................................63.2Evaluation Trenches................................................................................64RESULTS............................................................................................................74.1Introduction...............................................................................................74.2Geophysical Survey.................................................................................7
Ground Penetrating Radar Survey ( 
Figure 2A
 ).........................................7 Magnetic Survey ( 
Figure 2B
 ).....................................................................9Resistance Survey......................................................................................9
4.3Evaluation Trenches..............................................................................10
Trench 1 – The Beauchamp Chantry Chapel ( 
Figure 3
 )..........................10 Trench 2 ( 
Figures 4 & 5 
 ).........................................................................12 Trench 3 ( 
Figure 6 
 )..................................................................................14
5FINDS................................................................................................................155.1Introduction.............................................................................................155.2Pottery.....................................................................................................155.3Ceramic Building Material (CBM)..........................................................165.4Clay pipes................................................................................................175.5Stone........................................................................................................175.6Glass........................................................................................................175.7Slag..........................................................................................................175.8Coins, Jetons and Tokens.....................................................................185.9Metalwork................................................................................................19
Copper alloy.............................................................................................19Iron ......................................................................................................19Lead ......................................................................................................19
5.10Human Bone...........................................................................................205.11Animal Bone............................................................................................225.12Marine Shell............................................................................................235.13Other Finds.............................................................................................235.14Potential and Recommendations..........................................................23

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