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ELEC2630_lecture5

ELEC2630_lecture5

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Published by: openid_ZufDFRTu on Apr 28, 2009
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05/11/2014

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ELEC2630 EMBEDDEDELEC2630 EMBEDDEDSYSTEMS THEORYSYSTEMS THEORY
Lecture 5: Microcomputer Lecture 5: Microcomputer FundamentalsFundamentalsCISC and RISCCISC and RISC
 
 
CISCCISC
The original mainframe computers, and theminicomputers derived from them,developed along the CISC routeEach task had an instruction to achieve theresult required with how ever many stepsthat were neededWhen microcontrollers were developedcommercially in 1971 they natually followedthe same route
 
 
CISC HARDWARECISC HARDWARE
The hardware was developed by manydifferent manufacturers but one commonfeature was a large number of namedregisters each with a different instruction touse themWhen a subroutine was called, any register that could be overwritten in that routine hadto be saved at the beginning and restoredat the end, causing a large time overheadThe answer many used was contextswitching

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