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History of EMU

History of EMU

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Published by TAMIL
excellent information about EMU
excellent information about EMU

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Published by: TAMIL on Apr 28, 2009
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History
The genus and species names of the emu are Dromaius novaehollandiae.
 
Emu-birds are members of the ratite family along with ostrich, rhea,cassowary and kiwi.
Emu are prehistoric birds that originated about 80 million years ago inAustralia.
Flightless, but they have strong legs and run very fast and can run up tospeeds of 30 miles per hour (50 kilometers per hour).
 
Emus are also very good swimmers.
 
Wings are only 1/10th the length of its body
 
Brown in color;
 
They have 3 toes; the underside of each toe is flattened with a broad pad.
Two main calls: a gutteral grunt and a throbbing drum.
Emu's were imported into the United States from the 1930's through the late1950's as exotic zoo stock.
 
Today, the exportation of live birds and eggs is prohibited from Australia
 
Exports of processed emu products from Australia, however, are on the riseas emu begins to gain acceptance worldwide for its unique qualities
 
Emus are raised throughout the world and have adapted to a variety of conditions ranging from the cold winters to the extreme heat
 
Normally Emu's lives up to 40 years.
 
Bill is broad and soft, adapted for browsing and grazing.
 
In nature, the emu's nest is a shallow hole by a bush. The nest is lined withleaves, grass, and bark.
Taxonomy
Kingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: ChordataSubphylum: VertebrataClass: AvesOrder: StruthioniformesFamily: Dromaiidae
 
Genus: DromaiusSpecies: Dromaius novaehollandiae
Anatomy
Emu grow to be between 5 and 6 fee tall and weighing between 45 to 60 kgs.This makes the emu the size of most humans as adults.
Habitat
The emu-bird lives in the grassy plains and dry open farms.
Diet:
 
Fruits, flowers, insects, seeds and green vegetation; love caterpillars. Ingestlarge stones into gizzard to aid grinding process.
 
Emus requires 6-10 litres good water daily
Emus requires 3 times food per day like humenbeings.
 
Emu Birds – Reproduction
Emu-birds become sexually mature at 2-3 years of age.
Female Emu or hen begins laying eggs, male Emu are attending incubuation.
 
The emu egg varies in size and color. It is usually dark green, averaging 5inches long and weighing approximately 600 grams
 
Artificial incubation is often conducted at a temperature of approximately 97.5degrees Fahrenheit and a relative humidity that varies according to theclimate. Average incubation time ranges from 48 to 52 days.
 
Emu can be productive for as long as 20 years, laying between 20 to 30 eggsin a season
 
The female lays from 4 to 20 greenish-brown eggs in a clutch or group of eggs laid at one time
 
The male builds a nest on his territory and the female joins him wheneverything is ready.
Breed-in period is from October through March.
 
When the male starts incubating the eggs, the female moves away and shepairs with other males.
However, a few may stay with the male to defend him. The mature Emu-birdfemales lay an egg every 3-5 days.
The eggs are dark green to blend with the grass.
The male waits until the female lays at least 9 eggs and then he startsincubating them by sitting on the nest.
He incubates them for 52-56 days and doesn't eat or drink during this time.
 
When the eggs hatch, he eats the eggshells to get his digestive system goingand also to hide the evidence of the chicks from the numerous predators.
When the chicks hatch, the males drive the females away and attack anybodywho approaches the chicks.
He takes care of the brood for 5-7 months and then the bond breaks down.
Chicks of Emus are cream colored with tan and brown stripes allowing themto hide in the grass.
As they become 6 months old, they acquire a chocolate brown color. Only atthe age of 2 years do the young Emu-birds become colored like adults.
Emu can be productive for as long as 20 years, laying between 20 to 50 eggsin a season
 
Additional Emu Facts:
Emus provide a red meat, similar in taste and appearance to very lean beef,that is lower in cholesterol but higher in protein than beef.
About 18-22 kgs of meat can be obtained from a mature bird.
Emu provides unique penetrating oil
Emu's unhatched Eggs used for craft works
ORGIN
: flightless bird, native of Australia (imported from USAoriginally)
SIZE:
At birth, 8 to 10 inches tall; Adult, 5 to 6 feet tall
ADULT WEIGHT:
45 to 55 kilos
COLOR:
Brown, black and beige. Chicks are born with stripes, whichthey start to loose around 4 months of age. Mature birds have blue necksand mottled body feather coloration. There is no color differential betweenmales and females.

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