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Financing Cross-border Solutions
Water and Wastewater Infrastructure
Pearl River Delta
Room 601, Hoseinee House,
69 Wyndham Street, Central.
Tel.: 2893 0213 Fax: 3105 9713
Economic Growth Rate and Population Explosion
Strain on Municipal Treatment Plants
Inadequate Water Treatment a Broader Problem
Industrial Wastewater Pollution
No Overall Catchment Authority to Regulate the Whole Pearl River Delta
The Effect on Hong Kong Waters
Pearl River Estuary Flow and Its Impact on HK Waters
Hong Kong\u2019s Response
Water subsidies and Low Prices
Wastewater Treatment Costs Higher than for Potable Water
Evolving Water and Sewage Prices
Industrial Pollution Laws and Environmental Protection Bureau Fee Collection
Inconsistent Enforcement of Regulations
Underutilized Wastewater Treatment Technology
Redistribution of Industry and Socioeconomic Conditions
Role of TVEs as Contributors to Industrial Wastewater Pollution
Role of Multinationals
Lack of Transparency and Cross-border Cooperation
Rewards and Penalties
Development of More Efficient, Cheaper Technologies to Treat Water
Proposed Creation of an Independent Regulatory Authority
VI. Financial Solutions\u2014Bi-National Bank Fund and Private
Structure of NADBank and BECC
Applicability to Hong Kong and Guangdong
Attracting Private Sector Investment and Other Hybrid Models
Major issues for Private Investors
Tax Attractions for private Investors
Returns: Price Gouging and Consumer Protection, a Two-Sided Coin
Different Formulas for Regulating Monopoly Price and Profits
Rate of Return
Price Cap Regulations
Case Study: The UK Experience\u2014the Price Cap Formula and Learning from
Importance of Subsidies
Off-take Agreements\u2014How Sound Are State Commitments?
Multilateral Financing (Protection of Interests)
VIII. Private Sector Investment\u2014Case Studies: Tanzhou, Shanghai, Macau, Cooperative Joint Venture and Build-Operate-transfer Models
Structure of Joint Venture
The Company\u2019s Consumers
Tanzhou\u2019s Plans for Treating Wastewater
Important Features in the Contract
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