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Micro Processor 8085

Micro Processor 8085

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Published by BravoYusuf
Brief description of microprocessor 8085
Brief description of microprocessor 8085

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Published by: BravoYusuf on Apr 28, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/18/2013

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1
Object:
 
Object:
The purpose of this project is to study the basic functionality of 8085:
Take input through DIP switches and produce corresponding output at LEDs using8085-A, 8255 and EPROM.
Brief Description:
The required system offer limited features of 8085 therefore many input pins likeSID, TRAP, RST 7.5, RST6.5, RST 5.5, INTR and HOLD are grounded while output pinslike INTA,S0, S1, HLDA and SOD are left open.The port A of 8255A is configured as input port so it is connected to the DIPswitches from where the input is applied. The port B is configured as output port soconnected to LEDs where output is to be displayed. The reset pin of the 8255 isconnected to the RESETOUT of the microprocessor. The address pins A
0
and A
1
of thePPI are connected to the A
8
and A
9
address pins of the microprocessor because in case of isolated I/O, the address is duplicated on the high order address bus of themicroprocessor. TheRDandWR signals of the 8255 is connected to the correspondingsignals of the microprocessor.Reset circuitry is implemented by using a resistor and a push button. InitiallyRESETINpin is grounded i.e. HIGH (because the signal is complemented), so becauseof this low signal in the beginning microprocessor is reset. As soon as the switch is pressed HIGH will appear on theRESETIN pin.
Components Used:
8085A microprocessor 
8255A Programmable Peripheral Interface
EEPROM 2764A
74LS373 (Latch)
7400 (NAND gate)
Dip switches
LEDs
Quartz Crystal (6MHZ)
Capacitor (10 micro farad)Microprocessor Based System
 
2
Resistors (1 k ohm, 75 k ohm)
DESCRIPTION OF IC’S USED
INTEL 8085 MICROPROCESSOR 
Intel 8085 microprocessor is the next generation of Intel 8080. In addition to beingfaster than the 8080, the 8085 had the following enhancements
Single 5V power supply.
On-chip integrated peripherals: clock oscillator and system controller.
 New instructions, most of them were undocumented.
INTEL 8085 MICROPROCESSOR’S ARCHITECTURE
Program memory
- program can be located anywhere in memory. Jump, branch andcall instructions use 16-bit addresses, i.e. they can be used to jump/branch anywherewithin 64 KB. All jump/branch instructions use absolute addressing.
Interrupts
The processor has 5 interrupts. They are presented below in the order of their priority(from lowest to highest):
One of the 8 RST instructions (RST0 - RST7). The processor saves current programcounter into stack and branches to memory location N * 8 (where N is a 3-bitnumber from 0 to 7 supplied with the RST instruction).
RST5.5
is a maskable interrupt. When this interrupt is received the processor saves thecontents of the PC register into stack and branches to 2Ch (hexadecimal) address.
RST6.5
is a maskable interrupt. When this interrupt is received the processor saves thecontents of the PC register into stack and branches to 34h (hexadecimal) address.
RST7.5
is a maskable interrupt. When this interrupt is received the processor saves thecontents of the PC register into stack and branches to 3Ch (hexadecimal) address.
I/O ports
256 Input ports256 Output portsMicroprocessor Based System
 
3
74LS373
These 8-bit registers feature totem-pole 3-STATE outputs designed specifically for driving highly-capacitive or relatively low-impedance loads. The high-impedance stateand increased high-logic level drive provide these registers with the capability of beingconnected directly to and driving the bus lines in a bus-organized system without needMicroprocessor Based System

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