Swagelok Energy Advisors, Inc. Document No. 24
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The leak path is not a perect orice.
Determining the diameter o the passage is difcult because the leak is not a perect circle.
Pressure at P1 may not be measured and may have to be calculated basedon ows and pressure drops.
How to determine the diameter of the leak path
— Even or most experienced plant personnel,determining the diameter o the leak path is difcult at best. Steam is extremely hot, and trying tomeasure the diameter o the path can be dangerous.SEA recommends that plant personnel be trained with dierent tools to help visually determinethe steam leak diameter rom a sae distance. To determine steam leak volume by plume length isextremely difcult and not very accurate.
How to Determine the Inlet Pressure (P1)
— P1 is determine by the steam system operatingpressure. I the pressure is unknown and the steam is saturated vs. superheated then the task o determining “P1” is accomplished easily by using inrared temperature measurement devices.Saturated steam at a given temperature directly correlates to saturated steam pressure.Using other SEA Best Practices regarding piping in steam and condensate systems will assist ineliminating leaks. Also, using SEA Best Practices on steam valves will help resolve valve ailures.
What are the Emissions?
The table below lists emission levels or the most common pollutants derived rom ossil uels.Remember that in addition to saving money, a proactive program to resolve steam and condensateleakage will reduce emissions. I plant personnel calculate the total energy loss (in terms o BTU/hr)which results rom their steam losses, they can use the tables below to calculate the reduction inemissions that would result rom reducing the amount o steam leakage.
How Much Do Steam Leaks Cost?
Through its research and testing, SEA has ound that by adding a leak constant to the Napier oriceequation, it can estimate a conservative ow and energy loss rom steam leaks.
Roadmap for Steam Leaks1.
Correct all steam leaks in the plant
Reduce or eliminate threadedconnections
Eliminate any waterhammerissues
Review steam valve selectionprocess
Review material selection orcondensate systems