ABOUT THE BRENNAN CENTER FOR JUSTICE
Te Brennan Center or Justice at NYU School o Law is a nonpartisan law and policy institute that seeks to improveour systems o democracy and justice. We work to hold our political institutions and laws accountable to the twin American ideals o democracy and equal justice or all. Te Center’s work ranges rom voting rights to campaignnance reorm, rom racial justice in criminal law to Constitutional protection in the ght against terrorism. A singular institution — part think tank, part public interest law rm, part advocacy group, part communicationshub — the Brennan Center seeks meaningul, measurable change in the systems by which our nation is governed.
ABOUT THE BRENNAN CENTER’S dEmOCRACy PROGRAm
Te Brennan Center’s Democracy Program works to repair the broken systems o American democracy. Weencourage broad citizen participation by promoting voting and campaign reorm. We work to secure air courtsand to advance a First Amendment jurisprudence that puts the rights o citizens — not special interests — at thecenter o our democracy. We collaborate with grassroots groups, advocacy organizations, and government ocials toeliminate the obstacles to an efective democracy.
Te Brennan Center grateully acknowledges the Democracy Alliance Partners, Educational Foundation o America,Te Ralph and Fanny Ellison Charitable rust, Ford Foundation, Anne Gumowitz, Irving Harris Foundation, Te Joyce Foundation, Te JPB Foundation, William Louis-Dreyus, John D. and Catherine . MacArthur Foundation,Mertz Gilmore Foundation, Open Society Foundations, Rockeeller Family Fund, Bernard and Anne Spitzer, VitalProjects Fund, and the William B. Wiener Jr. Foundation or their generous support o our voting work.Te authors are incredibly grateul to the voting rights experts who contributed insight and analysis to this report.Tese include Anita Earls and Allison Riggs o the Southern Coalition or Social Justice, Robert Kengle and Mark Posner o the Lawyers’ Committee or Civil Rights Under Law, Julie Fernandes o Open Society Foundations,Laughlin McDonald and Nancy Abudu o the American Civil Liberties Union, J. Gerald Hebert o the CampaignLegal Center, Armand Derner, John Ruof, Edward Still, and Jerry Wilson. Many Brennan Center staf memberscontributed to this analysis. Te authors would like to ofer special thanks to Voting Rights Researcher ChristopherFamighetti and Research Associate Lucy Zhou or their extensive research, drating, and editing assistance, as well asResearch Associates Amanda Melillo and Carson Whitelemons.Te authors would also like to thank Michael Waldman, Jeanine Plant-Chirlin, Erik Opsal, and Jim Lyons or theirinvaluable editorial assistance. Legal interns Sam Barr, Matt Longobardi, and Adrienne Warrell are owed a debt a gratitude or their many hours o research and cite-checking o this report. Legal interns Robin Lipp, AbrahamRubert-Schewel, and Marissa Malouf deserve additional recognitions or going above and beyond the call o duty in their research and cite-checking. A special thank you is also owed to Democracy Program Director Wendy Weiseror her leadership, vision, and strategic insight throughout the drating process.
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