converted to a convenient format, which is used throughout processing. There aremany standards available for data storage. Format differs with the manufarcturer,type of recording instrument and also with the version of operating system.
2.5 FIELD GEOMETRY SET UP
Field geometry is created with the help of information provided by field party. That is as follows.
(I) X and Y coordinate of shot/vib. Points.(II) Elevation of geophone/shot points
Recording instrument(I) Record file numbers(II) Shot interval, group interval, near offset and far offset(III) Layout, no. of channels, foldage.
Processing information(I) Datum statics(II) Near surface model(III) Datum plane elevation
Edit traces, which consist of extremely noisy traces and muting the first-arrivals on all traces. Traces from poorly planted geophones may showsluggishness and introduce low frequency and sometimes cause spiky amplitudesand therefore degrade a CMP stack. These traces are identified during manualinspection/editing phase of all the shot records and flagged in the header so thatthey will not be included (they are “killed”) in processing steps and in display.