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Introduction
1.1 The real numbers R
1.2. CONTINUOUS MAPPINGS IN R 5
1.2 Continuous mappings in R
1.3. THE TRIANGLE INEQUALITY IN R. 7
1.3 The triangle inequality in R
1.4 The triangle inequality in Rn
1.5 Brouwer's Fixed Point Theorem
Exercises
Metric Spaces
2.1 The metric topology
2.2. EXAMPLES OF METRIC SPACES 19
2.2 Examples of metric spaces
2.3 Completeness
2.4. SEPARABILITY AND CONNECTEDNESS 33
2.4 Separability and connectedness
2.5. METRIC CONVEXITY AND CONVEXITY STRUCTURES 35
2.5 Metric convexity and convexity structures
Metric Contraction Principles
3.1 Banach's Contraction Principle
3.2 Further extensions of Banach's Principle
3.3 The Caristi-Ekeland Principle
3.4 Equivalents of the Caristi-Ekeland Principle
3.5 Set-valued contractions
3.6 Generalized contractions
4.1 Introduction
4.3 Properties of hyperconvex spaces
4.4 A fixed point theorem
4.5. INTERSECTIONS OF HYPERCONVEX SPACES 87
4.5 Intersections of hyperconvex spaces
4.6. APPROXIMATE FIXED POINTS 89
4.6 Approximate Rxed points
4.7 Isbell's hyperconvex hull
"Normal" Structures in Metric Spaces
5.1 A fixed point theorem
5.2. STRUCTURE OF THE FIXED POINT SET 103
5.2 Structure of the fixed point set
5.3 Uniform normal structure
5.5 Quasi-normal structure
5.6. STABILITY AND NORMAL STRUCTURE 115
5.6 Stability and normal structure
5.7 Ultrametric spaces
5.8 Fixed point set structure—separable case
Banach Spaces: Introduction
6.1 The definition
6.2 Convexity
6.3 £2 revisited
6.4 The modulus of convexity
6.5 Uniform convexity of the tv spaces
6.6 The dual space: Hahn-Banach Theorem
6.7 The weak and weak* topologies
6.8 The spaces c, CQ, i\ and i^
6.9 Some more general facts
6.11 More on Schauder bases in Banach spaces
6.12. UNIFORM CONVEXITY AND REFLEXIVITY 163
6.12 Uniform convexity and reflexivity
6.13 Banach lattices
Continuous Mappings in Banach Spaces
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Brouwer's Theorem
7.3 Further comments on Brouwer's Theorem
7.4 Schauder's Theorem
7.5 Stability of Schauder 's Theorem
7.6 Banach algebras: Stone Weierstrass Theorem
7.7 Leray-Schauder degree
7.8 Condensing mappings
7.9. CONTINUOUS MAPPINGS IN HYPERCONVEX SPACES 191
7.9 Continuous mappings in hyperconvex spaces
Metric Fixed Point Theory
8.1 Contraction mappings
8.2. BASIC THEOREMS FOR NONEXPANSIVE MAPPINGS 199
8.2 Basic theorems for nonexpansive mappings
8.3 A closer look at t\
8.4. STABILITY RESULTS IN ARBITRARY SPACES 207
8.4 Stability results in arbitrary spaces
8.5 The Goebel-Karlovitz Lemma
8.7 Structure of the fixed point set
8.8. ASYMPTOTICALLY REGULAR MAPPINGS 219
8.8 Asymptotically regular mappings
8.10 Fixed point theory in Banach lattices
Banach Space Ultrapowers
9.1 Finite representability
9.2 Convergence of ultranets
9.3 The Banach space ultrapower X
9.4 Some properties of X
9.5 Extending mappings to X
9.6 Some fixed point theorems
9.7 Asymptotically nonexpansive mappings
9.8 The demiclosedness principle
9.9 Uniformly non-creasy spaces
A.l Mappings
A. 2 Order relations and Zermelo's Theorem
A.3. ZORN'S LEMMA AND THE AXIOM OF CHOICE 275
A.3 Zorn's Lemma and the Axiom Of Choice
A.4 Nets and subnets
A. 5 Tychonoff's Theorem
A.6 Cardinal numbers
A. 7. ORDINAL NUMBERS AND TRANSFINITE INDUCTION 281
A.7 Ordinal numbers and transfinite induction
A.8 Zermelo's Fixed Point Theorem
A.9 A remark about constructive mathematics
Bibliography
Index
P. 1
An Introduction to Metric Spaces and Fixed Point Theory

# An Introduction to Metric Spaces and Fixed Point Theory

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Presents up-to-date Banach space results.
* Features an extensive bibliography for outside reading.
* Provides detailed exercises that elucidate more introductory material.
Presents up-to-date Banach space results.
* Features an extensive bibliography for outside reading.
* Provides detailed exercises that elucidate more introductory material.

Publish date: Oct 14, 2011
Added to Scribd: Jun 12, 2013

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9781118031322

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